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1.1 Elementary Aspects of Electromagnetism
1.2 Macroscopic Charges and Currents
1.2.1 Charge Density
1.2.2 Current density
Revision questions
2 Mathematical Description of Vector Fields
2.1 Gradient of a Scalar Function
2.2 Divergence Function
2.3 The Flux of a Vector Field
2.4 Gauss’s Divergence Theorem
2.5 The Continuity Equation for Electric Current
2.6 Curl (Rotation) Function
2.7 Stokes’s Theorem
2.8 Successive Application of
Tutorial problems
3.1 Maxwell’s Equations, an Example of Vectorial Equa-
3.2 Scalar Potential
3.3 Vector Potential
4.1 Coulomb’s Law – Force between Static Charges
4.2 Gauss’s Law
4.3 Biot-Savart Law – Force between Static Currents
4.4 Current Element and Charge Element
4.5 The Lorentz Force
4.6 Amperes Circuit Law
4.7 Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction
5 Diﬀerential Equations for the EM Field and
5.1 Diﬀerential Equations for the EM Field
5.1.1 Divergence of E
5.1.2 Curl of E
5.1.3 Divergence of B
5.1.4 Curl of B
5.2 The Maxwell’s Theory
of Electromagnetic Waves
6.1 The Wave Equation for EM Waves in Vacuum
6.2 Plane Wave Solution to the Wave Equation
6.3 Harmonic Waves
6.4 The Transverse Nature of Plane Waves in Vacuum
7.1 Lorentz Transformation Equations for Space and
7.2 Force Transformation Equations
7.3 Electric Field Lines of a Moving Charge
7.4 Magnetic Field Lines of a Moving Charge
Poyntings’ Theorem
8.2 Electrostatic Field Energy Density
8.3 Magnetostatic Field Energy Density
8.4 Poynting Vector
8.5 Phase Relationships in EM Waves
8.6 Momentum Flux
8.7 EM Energy Flow: Circuit versus Field Theory
8.7.1 Energy Flow in a Resistive Wire
8.7.2 Energy Flow out of Battery
8.7.3 Propagation of an Electromagnetic Wave along a Wire
9.1 Uniqueness of the Solution of Laplace’s Equation
9.1.1 Dirichlet Theorem
9.2 Solutions of Laplace’s Equation
9.2.1 Method of Separation of Variables
10 General Solution of the Maxwell’s Equa-
10.1 Diﬃculty of the Direct Solution of Maxwell’s Equa-
10.2 Scalar and Vector Potentials
10.2.1 Lorenz Gauge
10.2.2 Coulomb Gauge
10.3 Solution of the Inhomogeneous Wave Equations
10.4 Rigorous Solution: Green Functions Method
11 Electromagnetic Antennas: Hertzian Dipole
11.1 Generation of electromagnetic waves
11.1.1 Field of an Element of Alternating Current
11.3 Gain of the Dipole Antenna
Materials
12.1 Potential and Electric Field of a Single Dipole
12.2 Polarization Vector
12.4 Macroscopic Eﬀects of the Polarizability
12.5 Dense Dielectrics: The Clausius-Mossotti Rela-
12.6 Dielectric in a Time Dependent Field
12.7 The Complex Susceptibility and Permitivity
12.8 The Loss Tangent
13 Electromagnetic Theory of Magnetizable
13.1 Magnetic Polarization Currents
13.2 The Magnetic Intensity Vector H
13.2.1 Static Magnetic Fields
13.3 Linear Magnetic Materials
13.4 Non-Linear Magnetic Materials
13.4.1 Work done in magnetization of iron
13.5 Permanent Magnetic Materials: Ferromagnets
13.5.2 Magnetic Poles
13.6 Time Dependent Magnetic Fields and Energy Loss
13.7 The complex magnetic susceptibility
13.8 Maxwell’s Equations in Dielectric and Magnetic
14 Poynting’s Theorem Revisited
14.2 Poynting Vector for Complex Sinusoidal Fields
15 Plane Wave Propagation in Dielectric and
15.1 Dispersive Equation and Complex Propagation
15.2 Wave Refraction and Attenuation
15.2.1 Propagation of an EM wave in a low loss dielectric
15.2.2 Propagation of an EM Wave in a Good Conductor
15.2.3 Skin Eﬀect
16.1 Normal Components of the Fields
16.1.1 Normal Component of B
16.1.2 Normal Component of H
16.2 Tangential Components of the Fields
16.2.1 Tangential Component of E
16.2.2 Tangential Component of H
16.2.3 Tangential component of B
17 Propagation of an EM Wave Across a Bound-
17.1 Representation of Plane Waves in Diﬀerent Di-
17.2 Directions of Reﬂected and Transmitted Waves
18 Fresnel’s Equations
18.3 Fresnel Equations for dielectric media
19.1 Applications in dielectrics
19.1.1 Polarization by reﬂection
19.1.2 Total internal reﬂection
Surface
19.2.1 Field vectors at normal incidence
20.1 Transverse Electric (TE) Modes
20.2 Boundary Conditions
20.4 Phase and Group Velocities of Mode Propagation
21.1 The Principle of Relativity
21.2 Transformation of Electric and Magnetic Field
21.3.1 Rules for Parallel Components
21.3.2 Rules for Normal Components
of a Plane EM Wave
21.5 Doppler Eﬀect
21.6 Transformation of Energy of a Plane EM Wave
Revision Questions for the Final Examination
Appendix A: Proof of the Amperes Law
Appendix C: PHYS3050 Facts and Formulae
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