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Textbook of Polymer Science

Textbook of Polymer Science

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TEXTBOOK
OF
POLYMER
SC
THIRD
EDITION
FRED
W.
BILLMEYER,
JR.
Professor oj Analytzcal ChemzshyRensselaer
Polytechnic
Instztute, Troy, New York
A
Wiley-lnterscience Publication
John
Wiley
&
Sons
New York Chichester BrisbaneToronto Singapore
 
Copyright
Q
1984 by John Wiley
&
Sons, IncAll rights reserved Published simultaneously in CanadaReproduction or translation of any part of this workbeyond that permitted by Section 107 or 108 of the1976 United States Copyright Act without the permissionof the copyright owner is unlawful Requests forpermission or further information should be addressed tothe Permissions Department, John Wiley
&
Sons, Inc
Library
of
Congress Cataloging in Publication Data:
Billmeyer
,
F~edTextbook of polymer scienceIncludes bibliographies and indexes1 Polymers and polymerization I TitleQD381 B52 1984 668 9 83-19870ISBN 0-471-03196-8Printed in the United States of' America
 
PREFACE
''I
am incllned to think that the development ojpolymer~zation S, erhaps, the blggest thrngchemistry has done, where ~thas had the brggest effect on everyday life The world wouldbe a totally d~rerent lace w~thout rtijiclal fibers, plastrcs, elastomers, etc Even in thefield of
electronics,
what would you do wlthout msulatron? And there you come back topolymers agaln
"
And indeed one does From the lowly thmwaway candy wrapper to the artificialheart, polymers touch our lives as does no other class of' materials, with no end tonew uses and improved products in sight. Yet, many instances of' the need
fbr
bettereducation in the polymer field, both in our universities and for the public, remainunchanged. Some of these were discussed at length in the Preface to the secondedition of'this book, whichfbllows, and I shall not repeat themThe present revision has two major directions. The first is to improve its valueas a textbook. To this end
I
have rearranged the text to consider polymerizationbefore describing the properties of'polymers, a change that several of my colleaguesfeel has pedagogical advantages
I
have also drawn on my files from
2.5
yeas of'teaching polymer science, at the University of' Delaware, the Massachusetts Instituteof' Technology, and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, to provide material for asection on Discussion Questions and Problems at the end of' each chapterThe second objective of' the revision is the more common one, to bring thecontents up-to-date by judicious addition, deletion, and revision, and in this
I
hopeI have been successful. Many sections have been changed little, reflecting thematurity of certain aspects of' polymer science, but the reader will find new materialinserted in every chapter.
A
few additions of' particular note axe
a
section onpolymerization reaction engineering in Chapter
6,
a discussion of scaling conceptsin Chapter
7,
and expansion of' the sections on polymer processing in Chapter
17
i
Lord Todd, president of the Royal Soclety of London, quoted in
Chem
Eng
News
58(40),
29
(1980),
m
answer to the
question,
What do you think has been chemistry's biggest contribution to science, to
Society?