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Table Of Contents

SECTION 1 Basics of a Fire
1 Chemistry of Fire
1.1 Oxidation
1.2 State of Products in “Fire” Oxidation Process
2 Fundamentals of a Fire
3 The Fire Triangle
FIGURE 1 The Fire Triangle
3.1 Fuel
3.2 Oxygen
3.3 Heat
4 The Fire Tetrahedron
FIGURE 2 The Fire Tetrahedron
5 Extinguishment Considering the Fire Tetrahedron
5.1 Removing the Fuel
5.2 Removing the Oxygen
5.3 Eliminating the Heat
5.4 Breaking the Chain Reaction
6 Hazardous/Combustible Materials
6.1 Flames
6.2 Heat
6.3 Gases
6.4 Smoke
2.1 Wood and Wood-based Materials
2.2 Textiles and Fibers
TABLE 2 Burning Characteristics of Synthetic Fibers
2.3 Plastics and Rubber
2.4 Locations of Class “A” Materials Onboard
3.2 Flammable Gases
4 Class “C” Fires
4.1 Types of Equipment
4.2 Electrical Faults that Cause Fires
4.3 Hazards of Electrical Fires
4.4 Locations of Electrical Equipment Onboard
4.5 Extinguishment of Class “C” Fires
5 Class “D” Fires
5.1 Hazards/Characteristics of Specific Metals
5.2 Locations of Class “D” Materials Onboard
5.3 Extinguishment of Class “D” Fires
SECTION 3 Fire Main Systems
1 General Principles of the Fire Main System
2 Extinguishing Capabilities of Water
3 Moving Water to the Fire
3.1 Straight Streams
3.2 Fog Streams
4 ABS Requirements for Fire Main Systems
4.1 Main Fire Pumps
4.2 Emergency Fire Pump
4.3 Fire Main Sizing and System Pressures
4.4 Fire Hose Reaction
4.5 Isolation Valves and Routing Arrangements
4.6 Fire Main Piping Components/Materials
4.7 Hydrant Locations and Fire Hoses/Nozzles
4.8 International Shore Connection Arrangements
TABLE 3 Dimensions of International Shore Connection
4.9 Cold Weather Protection
4.12 Additional Requirements for Oil and Fuel Oil Carriers
4.13 Additional Requirements for Passenger Vessels
4.15 Additional/Alternative Requirements for Gas Carriers
4.16 Steel Vessels Under 90 Meters (295 feet) in Length
TABLE 5 Pump Capacities
4.17 High Speed Craft
4.18 Cargo Vessels for River Service
4.20 Motor Pleasure Yachts
4.21 Fishing Vessels
4.22 Accommodation Barges and Hotel Barges
SECTION 4 Fixed Gas Fire Extinguishing Systems
1 Principles of Fixed Gas Fire-extinguishing Systems
2 CO2 Fire-extinguishing Systems
2.1 Agent Characteristics
2.2 Effectiveness
2.3 CO2 System Applications
3.1 General Requirements
TABLE 2 CO2 Requirements
3.3 Additional Control Requirements for CO2 Systems
3.6 Governmental Authorization
3.7 Steam Smothering Systems
3.8 Halon Systems
3.9 Requirements for Systems using Halon “Alternatives”
SECTION 5 Fixed Water Fire Extinguishing Systems
1.1 Water Spray System
1.2 Water Sprinkler Systems
1.3 Water Mist Systems
2.1 General System Component Requirements
2.2 Fixed Water Spray Systems in Machinery Spaces
2.4 Fixed Water Spray Systems in Ro-Ro Spaces
SECTION 6 Foam Fire Extinguishing Systems
1 Foam
2 General Principals of Foam Extinguishing Systems
2.1 Extinguishing Effects of Foam
2.2 Foam Characteristics
2.3 Types of Foams
2.4 Limitations on the Use of Foam
2.5 Advantages of Foam
2.6 Basic Guidelines for Foam
2.7 Foam System Equipment
2.8 Foam Fire Fighting Application Techniques
3 ABS Requirements for Foam Extinguishing Systems
TABLE 1 System Capacity
SECTION 7 Gas Carrier Cargo Area Fire Extinguishing Systems
1 Unique Hazards of Fires Onboard Gas Carriers
1.1 Flammability
2.1 Extinguishing Effects of Dry Chemical
3.1 Dry Chemical Powder Fire Extinguishing Systems
TABLE 1 Fixed Monitor Requirements
3.2 Cargo Area Water Spray Systems
3.3 Fire Main System
SECTION 8 Portable/Semi-portable Fire Extinguishers
1 Portable and Semi-portable Fire Extinguishers
1.1 Water-type Fire Extinguishers
1.2 Foam-type Fire Extinguishers
1.3 Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Fire Extinguishers
1.4 Dry Chemical-type Fire Extinguishers
1.5 Dry Powder-type Fire Extinguishers
1.6 Portable Fire Extinguishers
1.7 Semi-portable Fire Extinguishers
1.8 Fire Extinguisher Designations
2.1 Sizing of Portable Extinguishers
2.9 Fire Protection Arrangements for Paint Lockers
2.11 Vessels with Automation Designation “ACCU”
2.14 Additional Requirements for Chemical Carriers
2.15 Vessels Under 90 Meters (295 Feet)
2.16 Oil Carriers Under 30.5 Meters (100 Feet)
2.17 Spare Charges
SECTION 9 Additional Fire Protection Requirements
1 Segregation of Fuel Oil Purifiers for Heated Oil
2 Segregation of High Pressure Hydraulic Units
3 Requirements for Piping Systems Handling Oil
3.3 Fuel Oil and Lube Oil Systems on Engines
3.4 Insulation Requirements for Heated Surfaces
4 Paint/Flammable Liquid Lockers
SECTION 10 Fire Control Plans
1 Standardized Symbols
2 ABS Requirements for Fire Control Plans
TABLE 1 Minimum Number of Required EEBDs
2.2 Vessels with Automation Designation “ACC”
2.3 Vessels with Automation Designation “ACCU”
2.6 Additional Requirements for Gas Carriers
2.9 Additional Requirements for Ro-Ro Spaces
2.11 Vessels Under 500 Gross Tons
2.12 Barges
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Abs-fire Fighting Systems

Abs-fire Fighting Systems

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Published by chakkras2011

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Published by: chakkras2011 on Jul 11, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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