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Unit 5-Nervous System Brain Retina Questions

Unit 5-Nervous System Brain Retina Questions

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Published by: areyouthere92 on Jul 11, 2011
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11/14/2012

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1.
The diagram shows the structure of a synapse.
PresynapticimpulsePresynapticmembranePostsynapticimpulsePostsynapticmembraneMitochondrionSynaptic vesicles
 (a) Describe what would happen in the presynaptic neurone as a result of the arrival of anaction potential.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
(3)
1
 
(b) The graphs below show the changes in membrane potential in the presynaptic neuroneand the postsynaptic neurone as an impulse passes across a synapse.
+40+200 20 40 60 80123456Time/msMembrane potential/mVPresynapticneurone+40+200 20 40 60 80123456Time/msMembrane potential/mVPostsynapticneurone
 (i) On the graph for the postsynaptic neurone, indicate by using a letter S the point atwhich the sodium channels open, allowing an increased flow of sodium ions intothe neurone.
(1)
 (ii) On the graph for the postsynaptic neurone, indicate by using a letter P the point atwhich the potassium channels open, allowing an increased flow of potassium ionsout of the neurone.
(1)
 
(iii) Calculate the delay between the arrival of the action potential at the presynapticneurone and the production of an action potential in the postsynaptic neurone.Show your working.Answer ..............................................................
(2)
 (iv) Explain the reason for this delay.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
(2)(Total 9 marks)
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