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CHM2 Group2 and Group7 A

CHM2 Group2 and Group7 A

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Published by: areyouthere92 on Jul 11, 2011
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11/17/2012

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1
1.
(a) (i)
y
LiCl red/scarlet/crimson/carmine red
(
1)
 
y
NaBr orange/yellow
(
1)
 
y
KI lilac/purple/mauve/pink/violet/lavender 
(
1)
3(ii)
y
Excited electrons
(
1)
 
y
Move down energy levels
(
1)
2(b) (i)
y
LiCl - white/steamy fumes
y
NaBr - brown/orange vapour or liquid
y
Kl - purple vapour / dark solid or liquid or residue 4(ii) LiCl(s) + H
2
SO
4
(l)
p
 
p
LiHSO
4
(s) + HCl(g)formulae
(
1)
,
 
states
(
1)
 or
2LiCl(s) + H
2
SO
4
(l)
p
 
p
Li
2
SO
4
(s) + 2HCl(g)formulae
(
1)
,
 
states
(
1)
2
[11]
2
.
(a) (i) Loss of electrons 1(ii) A substance which gains/removes/accepts electrons 1(iii)
y
Chlorine (is stronger oxidising agent)
y
So it can accept electrons from Br 
 ± 
/so it can displace Br 
 ± 
/ so can oxidise Br 
 ± 
2(b) (i) 3OCl
 ± 
 
p
ClO
3 ± 
+ 2Cl
 ± 
 formulae + charges
(
1)
,
balancing
(
1)
2(ii) Disproportionation 1(c) (i) SO
2
: +4SO
42± 
: +6 2(ii) Oxidised because oxidation number of S becomes more positive/sulphur loseselectrons 1(iii)
y
Starch/any named non polar solvent: hexane
,
chloroform
,
volasil
y
Blue-black/purple 2
[12]
3
.
(a) (i) NaCl + H
2
SO
4
 
p
NaHSO
4
+ HCl
(
1)
 or 2NaCl + H
2
SO
4
 
p
Na
2
SO
4
+ 2HCl
(
1)
1(b) (i) add silver nitrate (solution) / correct formula AgN0
3
(aq)
(
1)
 
p
 
white ppt /solid
(
1)
 soluble in dilute ammonia /ammonia solution
(
1)
 
or 
add lead nitrate/ethanoate (solution)
(
1)
 white ppt.
(
1)
 soluble in hot water 
(
1)
 
 Any feasible correct chemical method can score the marks here
3(ii) dissociates /reacts/lionises/changes into ions (as it dissolves)
(
1)
 forming H
+
ions / H
3
O
+
ions/ donates a proton to water.This makes the solution an acid
(
1)
2(i) damp litmus paper 
(
1)
bleached
(
1)
 or damp starch-iodide paper 
(
1)
goes blue
(
1)
 Displacement acceptable 2(ii) [+4] [
1]
(
1)
 [+2] [
1] [0]
(
1)
 
 p
ositive charge not essential 
2(d) (hydrogen) iodide is more easily oxidized / loses electrons moreeasily than (hydrogen) chloride
(
1)
 
 because larger (than chloride)
(
1)
 
ould argue from the reducing 
 p
ower of the iodide / chloride for the first mark 
2
[12]
4
.
(a) (i) +7/7+ /VII 1(ii) +7/7+ /VII 1(b) (i) Sn
2+
 
p
Sn
4+
+ 2e
(±)
 
OR
Sn
2+
± 2e
(±)
 
p
Sn
4+
(
1)
 I
2
+ 2e
(±)
 
p
21
 ± 
 
(
1)
 
2(ii) Sn
2+
+ I
2
 
p
Sn
4+
+ 2I
 ± 
 IGN 
ORE 
state symbols
1
 
[5]
 
3
5
.
(a) H
2
SO
4
+ NaCl  NaHSO
4
+ HCl/H
2
SO
4
+ 2NaCl  Na
2
SO
4
+ 2HCl 2
 E 
ither versionState symbols ( 
 I 
 gnore these) Multi
 p
les H 
2
O
4
+
 N 
a
l 
 N 
aS 
O
4
+ H 
2
 
l (0)
Correct formulae (1) Balanced (1)Second mark depends on first being correct
4 correct formulae with an additional existing moleculeeg H 
2
 , S 
O
2
Max 1
(b) (i) Sulphur: from +6 to +4
(
1)
 Bromine: from ±1 to 0
(
1)
2
 Acce
 p
t sign after value,
 R
oman numerals
 I 
ncorrect signs
(ii) Increase in ox number of bromine = 2 × 1 / 2
(
1)
 
One
 
S decreases in ox number by 2
(
1)
 Must be clear that one S atom is unchanged/only one Schanges for second mark.[Look for oxidation no. written under elements in equation] 2
 Acce
 p
t increase in oxidation number of Br = decrease inoxidation number of S, without s
 p
ecifying values
(1)
 
 R
eject ex
 p
lanations in terms of electrons
(c) (i) Going down group Number of electrons increases
(
1)
 
 Acce
 p
t reverse argument going u
 p
grou
 p
 
 R
eject arguments based on quantum shells.
So Van der Waals force (between molecules) increases
(
1)
 
 I 
 gnore comments on radius of atom
2
 R
eject vdw for Van der Waals

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