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PHY1 Mechanics ARatings:

(0)|Views: 593|Likes: 3

Published by areyouthere92

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/59768280/PHY1-Mechanics-A

05/14/2013

text

original

1

1.

D

[1]

2

.

D

[1]

3

.

C

[1]

4

.

D

[1]

5

.

A

[1]

6

.

B

[1]

7

.

B

[1]

8

.

(a) (i) Use of E

k

= mv

2

Correct answer [0.44]

(1)

Example of calculation:1(ii) Collision energy is more than halved

(1)

, so claim is justified

(1)

22144.0)30()20(

223020

!!

E E

2

(b) Calculation of collision energy [60 kJ]

(1)

Use of W = Fx

(1)

Correct answer [500 kN]

(1)

Example of calculation:E

k

= mv

2

= 0.5 × 1200 × (10)

2

= 60,000 JW = Fx so 3(c) Crumple zone increases displacement of car during crash so collision forceis reduced

or

crumple zone increases collision time and so decreases theacceleration (and force)

(1)

1

[7]

9

.

(a) As skydiver speeds up, air resistance will increase

(1)

Net force on skydiver will decrease, reducing acceleration

(1)

2(b) Parachute greatly increases the size of the air resistance

(1)

When air resistance = weight of skydiver, skydiver is in equilibrium

(1)

2(c) Use of as v

2

= u

2

+ 2as

or

mv

2

= mg

(

h

(1)

Correct answer [7.7 m s

±1

]

(1)

Example of calculation:v = = 7.7 m s

±1

2

[6]

10.

(a) Use of

(1)

Correct answer [1.44 × 10

±6

kg]

(1)

Example of calculation:221

kN m xW F

50012.0000,60

!!!

21381.92

vv VT

3

34

r

kg1044.11000)107.0(
3434

6333

v!vv!!

¡

r

m

3

(b) Use of mg = 6

TL

rv

(1)

Correct answer [1.2 m s

±1

]

(1)

Example of calculation:

(

2

)

2

[4]

11.

(a) Reference to free fall whilst bungee is slack Idea of KE increasing as GPE is transformedIdea of work being done against frictional forcesGPE converted into EPE (and KE) once bungee stretchesKE (and GPE) converted into EPE beyond equilibrium pointAt lowest point all of the KE has been converted into EPE Max 4(b) Use of F = m a

(1)

Correct answer [6.25 m s

±2

]

(1)

Example of calculation:2

[6]

1

2

.

(a) Use of s = ut + ½ at

2

(1)

Correct answer [1.1 s]

(1)

Example of calculation:2(b) Use of v = u + at

(1)

Correct answer [1.8 m s

±1

]

(1)

Example of calculation:

v

=

u

+

at

= 1.6 × 1.1 = 1.8 m s

±1

2

[4]

1

3

.

(a) Use of v sin

U

(1)

Correct answer [4.2 ms-1]

(1)

Example of calculation:v sin

U

= 10 sin 25 = 4.2 m s

±1

2

1346

sm2.1
107.01090.86
81.91044.1
6

!vvvv
vv!!

T TL

r

mg

v

2

sm25.6
80285785

!

!!

m F a

s1.1
6.1122

!v!!

a s

t

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