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PHY1 Mechanics A

# PHY1 Mechanics A

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05/14/2013

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1
1.
D
[1]
2
.
D

[1]
3
.
C

[1]
4
.
D

[1]
5
.
A

[1]
6
.
B

[1]
7
.
B

[1]
8
.
(a) (i) Use of E
= mv
2
(1)
Example of calculation:1(ii) Collision energy is more than halved
(1)
, so claim is justified
(1)
22144.0)30()20(
223020
!!
E  E

(b) Calculation of collision energy [60 kJ]
(1)

Use of W = Fx
(1)

(1)

Example of calculation:E
= mv
2
= 0.5 × 1200 × (10)
2
= 60,000 JW = Fx so 3(c) Crumple zone increases displacement of car during crash so collision forceis reduced
or
crumple zone increases collision time and so decreases theacceleration (and force)
(1)
1
[7]
9
.
(a) As skydiver speeds up, air resistance will increase
(1)

Net force on skydiver will decrease, reducing acceleration
(1)
2(b) Parachute greatly increases the size of the air resistance
(1)

When air resistance = weight of skydiver, skydiver is in equilibrium
(1)
2(c) Use of as v
2
= u
2
+ 2as
or
mv
2
= mg
(
h
(1)

±1
]
(1)
Example of calculation:v = = 7.7 m s
±1
2
[6]
10.
(a) Use of
(1)

±6
kg]
(1)
Example of calculation:221
kN m x F
50012.0000,60
!!!
21381.92
vv V
3
34
kg1044.11000)107.0( 3434
6333
v!vv!!
  ¡  

m

3
(b) Use of mg = 6
TL
rv
(1)

±1
]
(1)
Example of calculation:
(
2
)
2
[4]
11.
(a) Reference to free fall whilst bungee is slack Idea of KE increasing as GPE is transformedIdea of work being done against frictional forcesGPE converted into EPE (and KE) once bungee stretchesKE (and GPE) converted into EPE beyond equilibrium pointAt lowest point all of the KE has been converted into EPE Max 4(b) Use of F = m a
(1)

±2
]
(1)
Example of calculation:2
[6]

1
2
.
(a) Use of s = ut + ½ at
2

(1)

(1)

Example of calculation:2(b) Use of v = u + at
(1)

±1
]
(1)

Example of calculation:
v
=
u
+
at
= 1.6 × 1.1 = 1.8 m s
±1
2
[4]
1
3
.
(a) Use of v sin
U

(1)

(1)
Example of calculation:v sin
U
= 10 sin 25 = 4.2 m s
±1
2
1346
sm2.1 107.01090.86 81.91044.1 6
!vvvv vv!!
TL
mg
v
2
sm25.6 80285785
!
!!
m F a
s1.1 6.1122
!v!!
a s