The Philippine Archipelago
Basis of Art. 1 of the 1987 Constitution
[PIL, I. Cruz]
1-All the waters within the limits set forth in the:a)
Treaty of Paris of December 10, 1898 (Cession of thePhilippine Islands by Spain to the U.S.),
between Spain and U.S., The Treaty of Spain and U.S. at Washington, November 1, 1900 (Cagayan, Sulu & Sibuto),
Treaty between U.S. and Great Britain, January 2, 1930(Turtle and Mangsee Islands);
2-All the waters around, between and connecting the various islands of the Philippine Archipelago, irrespective of their width or dimension,have always been considered as necessary appurtenances of the landterritory, forming part of the inland or internal waters of thePhilippines;3-All the waters beyond the outermost islands of the archipelago butwithin the limits of the boundaries set forth in the aforementionedtreaties comprise the territorial sea of the Philippines.
The baselines from which the territorial sea of the Philippines isdetermined consist of straight lines joining the appropriate points of the outermost islands of the archipelago
; The definition of the baselines of the territorial sea of the Philippinearchipelago is without prejudice to the delineation of the baselines of theterritorial sea around the territory of Sabah, situated in North Borneo, overwhich the Republic of the Philippines has acquired dominion and sovereignty.
> Outermost points of the archipelago shall be connected by straight baselines and allislands and waters therein are regarded as one integrated unit
(Treaty of Paris, Art. III; Treaty between Spain and the USconcluded at Washington DC, on November 7, 1900 and that between US andGreat Britain on January 2, 1930)1. Treaty of Paris of 10 December 1898.Article 3 defines the metes and bounds of the archipelago by longitudeand latitude, degrees and seconds. Technical descriptions are made of thescope of the archipelago as this may be found on the surface of the earth.2. Treaty of Washington of 7 November 1900 between the United States andSpain.Ceding Cagayan, Sibuto and Sulu.3. Treaty of 2 January 1930 between the United States and Great Britain.Ceding the Turtle and Mangsee Islands.
The SPRATLEY’S group of islands is not a part of the Philippinearchipelago but it is a part of our national territory. It belongs to the