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The Origin and the Historical Accounts of Advaitha Philosophy

The Origin and the Historical Accounts of Advaitha Philosophy

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From the Proceedings of the National Philosophy Conference 2010, Department of Philosophy, University of Madras, India
 
 July 20 2010
The Origin and the Historical Accounts of Advaitha Philosophyin Indian Sub-Continent, and its relevance to ModernCosmology
Arunvel T, Vethathiri International Academy. Chennai.
Abstract:
Advent of 17
th
Century in the southernEurope. An Italian physicist was traveling to Rome toaddress the critics on his recent observations incosmology. The one question he left unanswered inthe inquiry was that ’Are there any verses in ourreligion that support the claims you are making now?’.This unanswered question, changed his fate, byleading to a house arrest, followed by the forceddeath, due to the poor health care facilities whichcouldn’t prevent his demise. Five centuries later thisItalian physicists’ works were claimed as ‘Galileo,perhaps more than any other single person, wasresponsible for the birth of modern science’ - StephenHawking, the inventor of the black Hole theory in hisbook. That one question – ‘Is it heliocentric orGeocentric?’ on which Galileo couldn’t convince theworld in 17
th
century, to reader’s surprise, was wellexpounded in 500 BC itself, according to Indianliteratures. “Aryabhata (476–550), in his magnumopus Aryabhatiya (499), propounded a computationalsystem based on a planetary model in which the Earthwas taken to be spinning on its axis and the periods of the planets were given with respect to the Sun. B. L.van der Waerden has interpreted this to be aheliocentric model”, claims the literatures on ancientcosmology. On similar lines, the knowledge andwisdom that prevailed in ancient India attempted toanswer many questions, which science is still trying toresolve in this modern age.One of the most significant and toughest question inthe minds of cosmologists now is ‘How was thisuniverse born?’. While we accolade the scientists whoplunge in their minds to answer this difficult question,this literature review looks at the verses andrevelations in the self-realization stream, whichaddress this most difficult and not fully answeredpuzzle.Also this paper allots a specific focus on Siddhar.Vethathiri Maharishi’s contributions in this field of Advaitha, as his works are considered to be the bestbridging effort between modern science and Advaitha.The paper broadly looks at the complete subject in 4major classes:Class I: The beginning of this thesis is found in ancientTamil literatures widely known as the 18 siddhas [asearly as 12
th
– 1
st
BC]. The paper provides the verses andthe translations for the works of selected south-indiansiddhas namely Agaththiyar, Bogar, Konkanar,Idaikkaattar, Paambaattichithar, Avvai, Pathanchali etc.Class II: Another sect of ancient self-realization whichwas propounding its revelations around the same agesis, the Sanskrit verses found in Rig Veda, Upanishads,Kapila’s Samkhya Philosophy, Vyasa’s Bramhasutrasand Gita and the yoga sutras of Patanjali. All theseworks were written in the period of 12
th
- 1
st
BC, andwere popularly known as the north-indian self-realization literatures.Class III: Revelations of various Jeevan Mukhtars wholived between 15
th
– 20
th
centuries are considered inthis section. Some of them who were well known fortheir revelations on space, universe and consciousnessare Swami Vivekananda, Yogananda, Ramana andAurabindho etc.Class IV: This section details on the scientificrevelations of Swami. Vethathiri Maharishi on his‘Universal Magnetism’ or ‘Unified Force’ Theory. Inhis postulates he refers to a ‘state of utmost energy’called ‘Gravity’ which transforms into a unit energyform called matter or particle, and in time combines inmultiple forms to feature as this universe.Also this paper is a useful literature review on thephilosophy of ‘Mono-Theism’ and its scientificrelevance termed in modern self-realization streamsas ‘Gravity’.
Introduction - Postulates in Modern Cosmology:Dark energy
is a hypothetical form of energy thatpermeates all of space and tends to increase the rate
 
From the Proceedings of the National Philosophy Conference 2010, Department of Philosophy, University of Madras, India
 
 July 20 2010
Vethathiri International Academy 
of expansion of the universe. Dark energy is the mostpopular way to explain recent observations andexperiments that the universe appears to beexpanding at an accelerating rate. In the standardmodel of cosmology, dark energy currently accountsfor 74% of the total mass-energy of the universe.The exact nature of this dark energy is a matter of speculation. It is known to be very homogeneous, notvery dense and is not known to interact through anyof the fundamental forces other than gravity. Since itis not very dense — roughly 10
−29
grams per cubiccentimeter — it is hard to imagine experiments todetect it in the laboratory. Dark energy can only havesuch a profound impact on the universe, making up74% of universal density, because it uniformly fillsotherwise empty space.The whole phenomenon started off with theinventions ‘Cosmological Constant’ and ‘UniverseExpansion’. Albert Einstein coined the term‘cosmological constant’ to represent the possibilitythat even empty space has energy and couples togravity. Like other astronomers of the time, hethought that the universe was static and so proposedthere was a repulsive force from space that kept theuniverse in balance. Einstein discarded his ownfindings in 1929, when Edwin Hubble found throughhis research that the universe was expanding and notstatic. Today, new data from Hubble may well proveEinstein was on the right track. The pull of gravity andthe push of dark energy have been trying to outmuscleeach other since the beginning of time.In the current scenario, with Stephen Hawking, thelegendary physician, referring to Dark Energy as thedeciding factor for the Universe Expansion, and statingthat in the Big Bang process what awaits us is the Bigchill, and not the Big Crunch, the attention of sciencetowards Dark Energy is increasing.Though the whole ideology behind dark energy keepschanging in the scientific umbrella, the direction of search for an unknown energy that fills the wholeuniverse is what this paper intends to refer to.
I. Bramha Gnanam, the central idea of Advaitha inAncient Tamil Scripts:1. Siddhar Agathiyar:
The siddha tradition in tamilscriptures begin with Agathiya as the primal one. In hisverses, bramha gnanam gets reflected as ‘The onegod, who became as this universe [
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 July 20 2010
Vethathiri International Academy 
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}ƒ }ƒ }ƒ }ƒ 
[1] 
v~ v~ v~ v~ 
 
    
 
²{ ²{ ²{ ²{ 
 
 }t  }t  }t  }t 
 
    
[2] 
u u u u 
 
yyyy
 
    
 
|u |u |u |u 
 
z€ z€ z€ z€ 
[3]” 
-
u 
 
€ 
 
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13:13
[1] The consciousness becoming as I[2]The mind focused and reflecting the I[3]The space that you will see
”{ 
 
†} 
 
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u 
 
 
 
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}ƒ 
 
”{¢Žy
 
‚„ 
 
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” 
 
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ƒ 
 
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} 
 
ž{¢ ž{¢ ž{¢ ž{¢ 
 
} } } } 
 
yƒ yƒ yƒ yƒ 
 
€ € € € 
 
}² }² }² }² 
 
 [1] 
˜{ ˜{ ˜{ ˜{ 
 
 §¯ §¯ §¯ §¯
 
ž€t ž€t ž€t ž€t 
 
    
 
2
 ]" 
 -
u 
 
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 
 
13:9
[1] All that stands will appear as space[2] The space will appear as the seed 
 
 
}ƒ 
 
| 
 
¶ 
1]
¯ƒ 
 
¯ƒ 
 
{„ 
 
{„ 
[2] 
 
Ž¾ Ž¾ Ž¾ Ž¾ 
 
¢|ƒ ¢|ƒ ¢|ƒ ¢|ƒ 
 
zzzz
 
~} ~} ~} ~} 
 
[3] 
 
} 
 
ƒ} 
 
} 
 
zœt 
 
•ž 
[4]" 
 -
u 
 
˜{ 
 
 
 
16:9
[1]Oh Listen, my son! The consciousness in me[2] Is none but the Sakthi, the Sakthi [3] Going beyond, there is the Expanded Father [4]Oh how do I name him?...
º«z 
 
º«z 
 
º º º º 
 
}² }² }² }² 
 
1]
{ { { { 
 
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ƒt 
 
¶ 
[2] " 
 -
u 
 
˜{ 
 
 
 
16:10
[1] As you eat silence, there will be one object of silence[2] Its is the absolute, Oh listen
 }  }  }  } 
 
ªx ªx ªx ªx 
 
       {} 
 
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1]
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Ž¯|¢{ 
 
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 
 
[2]
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| 
3
 ] 
 
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4
 ] " 
 -
u 
 
˜{ 
 
 
 
16:12
[1] The absolute, the I, As Looking at it,[2] From Samadhi, I reveal [3] The space, called as the sky [4] Don’t tell this, The secret.

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