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Compactly Reproducing the Fine Structure Constant Inverse and the Muon-, Neutron-, And Proton-Electron Mass Ratios

# Compactly Reproducing the Fine Structure Constant Inverse and the Muon-, Neutron-, And Proton-Electron Mass Ratios

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Compact equations are introduced that reproduce the fine structure constant inverse and the muon-, neutron-, and proton-electron mass ratios near their experimental limits.
Compact equations are introduced that reproduce the fine structure constant inverse and the muon-, neutron-, and proton-electron mass ratios near their experimental limits.

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07/11/2011

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PHYS-May-2011-89 v1
Compactly reproducing the ﬁne structure constant inverse and themuon-, neutron-, and proton-electron mass ratios
J. S. Markovitch
P.O. Box 75Batavia, IL 60510
(Dated: May 14, 2011)Compact equations are introduced that reproduce the ﬁne structure constant inverse and themuon-, neutron-, and proton-electron mass ratios near their experimental limits.
PACS numbers: 06.20.Jr
The ﬁne structure constant (FSC) and the muon-, neutron-, and proton-electron mass ratios can be economicallyreproduced as follows. Firstly, deﬁne
l
0
=1
2
q
0
=1
3
l
1
=
l
0
/
3
2
2
2
q
1
=
2
q
0
2
.
Similarly, deﬁne
l
2
=
3
l
0
q
2
=
3
q
0
l
3
=
l
0
/
3
2
3
q
3
=
q
0
/
3
2
3
which are symmetric under
l
q
, so that for
= 10 and
= 3the FSC inverse can be approximated four ways
l
1
+
l
2
2
= 137
.
036 000 001 111
q
1
+
q
2
2
= 137
.
036
l
1
+
l
3
2
= 137
.
036 000 002 346
q
1
+
q
3
2
= 137
.
036 000 000 012which are also symmetric under
l
q
. Up to this point, all deﬁnitions and approximations exactly follow [1]. Nowdeﬁne three functions
R
(
n,p
) =
n
+
2
n
(
mn
n
)
n
2
|
p
|
2
p
p
e
(
p
) =
R
(
1
,p
)
s
(
p
) =
R
(+1
,p
)where
n
=
±
1, and
p
equals
1, 0, or +1. Then, for
m
= 4 these functions allow the muon- and neutron-electronmass ratios to be economically approximated by
e
(1)
/q
0
1
l
2
l
0
= 206
.
768 270 731
e
(1)
/l
0
s
(0)
/q
0
q
2
q
0
= 1838
.
683 654 735
e
(1)
/q
0
1
l
3
l
0
= 206
.
768 270 724
e
(1)
/l
0
s
(0)
/q
0
q
3
q
0
= 1838
.
683 654 734each with three terms (of four) also symmetric under
l
q
. Moreover, the proton-electron mass ratio can beapproximated by
e
(
1)
/l
0
s
(
1)
/q
0
3
= 1836
.
152 675 237
.
Also note that
3
=10
3
3
l
2
l
0
l
3
l
0
q
2
q
0
q
3
q
0
.