ii*****The views expressed in this report are those of the author
and do not necessarily reect the ofcial policy or position of the
Department of the Army, the Department of Defense, or the U.S.Government. This report is cleared for public release; distributionis unlimited.*****I would like to thank Mary J. Elias, Dr. Norman Cigar, SarahE. Womer, Dr. Dallas Owens of the U.S. Army War College, andMajor David M. Burke of the U.S. Air Force, for useful and insightfulcomments on earlier drafts of this work. I owe Mary a particulardebt for carefully reviewing several drafts and generating anumber of useful suggestions and ideas throughout the lifeof this project. I would also like to thank Colonel MohammadSalim Jaradat of the Royal Jordanian Army for sharing his wisecouncil with me throughout the year he spent at the U.S. ArmyWar College, as well as during earlier discussions in Jordan andMalta. During multiple trips to Jordan, I was treated with greatkindness and openness by General Mohammad Fahed al Allaf, thecommandant of the Royal Jordanian National Defense College. Ialso appreciate the discussions that I have held with membersof the Royal Jordanian National Defense College’s Center forStrategic Studies under the leadership of Retired Major GeneralMahmoud Ohed Irdaisat. Other Jordanian friends from whomI have learned a great deal include Brigadier General OttallahButosh, Major General (Ret.) Adnan Obeidat, Brigadier GeneralSalah I. Qudah, and Colonel Yaya Ahmad al Qudah. Despite the
signicance of this help, all mistakes in this work of fact, omission,
interpretation, and speculation are entirely my own.*****Comments pertaining to this report are invited and should beforwarded to: Director, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army WarCollege, 122 Forbes Ave, Carlisle, PA 17013-5244.