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electrochemistry1

electrochemistry1

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Published by Sulaiman Mohamad

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Published by: Sulaiman Mohamad on Jul 12, 2011
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08/17/2013

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ELECTROLYSIS
The process of 
BREAKING DOWN
an electrolyte into
CONSTITUENT ELEMENTS
by passing
ELECTRIC CURRENT
 through it.
Electrode Cathode (+) Anode (-)Ions presence
Br
- ,
Pb
2+
 
Moving of ions
Br
-
Pb
2+
 
Half equation
2Br- Br
2
+ 2e Pb2+ + 2e Pb
Products
Bromine gas Lead
Observation
Brown gasreleasedGrey solid formedCu
2+
, H
+
Cathode
ION PRESENCE
OH
-
, Cl
-
Anode
 MOVING OFION
Position in E.C.S
Cu
2+
+ 2e Cu
half Equation(Selected ionsto discharged)
Position in E.C.S
4OH
-
2H
2
O +O
2
+ 4e
 
Copper atom
PRODUCT
Oxygen gas
 
Brown soliddeposited
OBSERVATION
Colourless gasreleased
 Blue colour of 
copper (II) chloride
solution turn tocolourless. Explain why?
-Because concentration of Cu
2+
ions decreases
 Cu
2+
, H
+
Cathode
ION PRESENCE
OH
-
, Cl
-
Anode
MOVING OF ION
Position in E.C.S
Cu
2+
+ 2e Cu
half Equation(Selected ions todischarged)Factor of Conc
.
2Cl
-
Cl
2
+ 2eCopper atom
PRODUCT
Chlorine gasBrown soliddeposited
OBSERVATION
Greenish yellowgas released
Blue colour of 
copper (II) chloride
solution turn tocolourless. Explain why?
-Because concentration of Cu
2+
ions decreases
 OH
-
, Cl-Anode
ION PRESENCE
Cu
2+
, H
+
Cathode
MOVING OF ION
Factor of electrode
Cu Cu
2+
+ 2e
half Equation(Selected ions todischarged)
Position in E.C.S
Cu
2+
+ 2e CuCopper (II) ions
PRODUCT
Copper atomCopper becomethinner
OBSERVATION
Brown soliddeposited
Blue colour of copper (II) chloride solution remainunchanged. Explain why ?
– because rate Cu
2+
change to Cu is same with rate Cuchange to Cu
2+
 
 
Electrode Cathode (-) Anode (+)
Half equationAg
+
+ e Ag Ag Ag
+
+ eProducts Silver atom Silver ionsObservationGrey shiny soliddepositedAnode becomethinner
Electrode Cathode (-) Anode (+)
Half equationCu
2+
+ 2e Cu Cu Cu
2+
+ 2eProducts Cu atom Cu
2+
ionObservationBrown soliddepositedAnode becomethinner
ElectrolyteAqueousmolten
POSITION in ECSCONCENTRATIONTYPE of ELECTRODEP
urification
 
E/plating
 
Compound that CONDUCTELECTRICITY in MOLTENor AQUEOUS STATE
 
undergoes CHEMICALCHANGESIron ringSilverImpure CuAgNO
3
 pure CuCuSO1.0 mol dm
-3
 CuCl
2
 0.01 moldm
-3
CuCl
2
 CarbonCarbonCuCl
2
 CuelectrodeCuelectrode

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