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Residual Stresses of Plate With Holes by ANSYS Analysis- Hani Aziz Ameen

Residual Stresses of Plate With Holes by ANSYS Analysis- Hani Aziz Ameen

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Published by Hani Aziz Ameen
Residual stress, plate with holes, Ansys analysis of residual stress, Hani Aziz Ameen
Residual stress, plate with holes, Ansys analysis of residual stress, Hani Aziz Ameen

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Published by: Hani Aziz Ameen on Jul 12, 2011
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07/16/2013

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 Dr. Hani Aziz Ameen AN SYS Analysis of Residual Stresses in Plate with Holes
1
 
Residual Stresses of Plate with Holes byANSYS Analysis
Asst. Prof. Dr. Hani Aziz AmeenTechnical College- BaghdadDies and Tools Engineering DepartmentE-mail: haniazizameen@yahoo.com 
 
 Introduction
The finite element methods has a powerful tool of numerical solution of a wide range of engineering problems. It is used to calculate stress andtemperature distribution in solid structures of complex geometriessubjected to complicated loadings.[1]The basic ideas of the finite elements methods originated from advancesin structural analysis in 1941, Hrenikoof [2] presented a solution of 
elasticity problems using the “ frame work method “ . Courant’s paper 
 [3], which used it to solve model torsion problems appeared in 1943.Turner..et al [4], derived stiffness matrices for plate ,truss, beam andother elements and presented their finding in 1956.In the late 1960 and early 1970, finite element analysis was applied tononlinear problems and large deformations.
Oden’s Book 
[5] onnonlinear continuer appeared in 1972.Today, the developments in mainframe computers and availability of powerful microcomputer has brought this method within reach of engineers working.[1].
 ANSYS Software
 
 
ANSYS V10 ( Analysis System Software ) is a finite element analysissoftware enables engineers to perform the following tasks [6]:
Build computer models or transfer CAD models of structures,
products, components or systems.
Apply operating loads or other design performance conditions.
 
Study physical responses, such as stress levels, temperaturedistributions, or the impact of electromagnetic fields.
Optimize a design early in the development process to reduce
production costs.
Do prototype testing in environments
where it otherwise would beundesirable or impossible (for example biomedical applications ) .
Using The ANSYS V10 Program[7] :
 
 
The ANSYS program is designed to run by three methods which are :1- Interactive method, which is also called Graphical User Interface (GUI).
 
 Dr. Hani Aziz Ameen AN SYS Analysis of Residual Stresses in Plate with Holes
2
 
2- ANSYS Parametric Design Language (APDL).the advance methods inprogrammable engineering design.
 ANSYS Structural Analyses [7] :
 
 
Structural analysis is probably the most application of the finite elementmethod. The term structural implies not only civil engineeringstructures such as bridges, building and foundations, but alsomechanical structures such as ship hulls, aircraft, bodies and machinehousings as well as mechanical components such as pistons, machine
 parts and tools…etc.
 
• The
procedure for a static structural analysis consists of three main steps:1- Build the model and its meshing .2- Apply loads and obtain the solution .3- Review the results .the type of problem involved, an ANSYS analysis consists of the samesteps: modeling, meshing, solution, and post processing.The modeling is drawing in a 2D or 3D representation of the problem.During the meshing phase you will define material properties and choosean element suitable for the problem.The last step of the meshing phase is to discredited the model i.e. createthe mesh.In the solution phase, boundary conditions and loads need to be defined.The types of loads and boundary conditions you select depend on thesimplifications being made.then attempt to solve the system of equations defined by the mesh andboundary conditions.Finally, when the solution is complete, you will need to review the resultsusing the post processor. These results may be color contour plots, lineplots, or simply a list of DOF results for each node.The easiest way to do and learn my problems is by using the picturesdoing step
 – 
by
 – 
step in ANSYS output :Say we would like to analyze a plate with four holes that is beingloaded in the center of plane.
 
 Dr. Hani Aziz Ameen AN SYS Analysis of Residual Stresses in Plate with Holes
3
Goal of the research:
Study of plate deflection behavior and stress distribution during staticload. The plate has four supported holes with thickness t . thedeflection
δ
is determined at concentrated load F
1
= 100 N when thedeflections are elastic in all plate. When the plate is loaded to F
2
=2000 Nor more , Plastic zone is checked.The plate is made of 1015 steel, cold drawn with mechanical properties asshown in table ( 1) .Table (1)Mechanical properties valueTensile Strength ,Yield 325 MPaTensile Strength ,Ultimate 385 Mpa
Poisson’s Ratio
0.29Elongation at Break 18 %The chemical composition for 1015 steel, cold draw indicated in thetable(2 ).Table (2)Component Wt. %C 0.12
 – 
0.18Fe 99.13
 – 
99.58Mn 0.3
 – 
0.6P Max 0.04S Max 0.05
Work Procedures:
1.
 
Build the Model2.
 
Take element type .3.
 
Mesh operation .4- Apply Boundary conditions and loads.5- Solve and Review the Resultants
1.
 
 Build the Model
(A): Create rectangular shape (150 * 100 ) mm
2
with operation onedges ( 0.025 )m radius the coordinates as below :Fig(1).
x1,0y1,0x2,0.15y2,0

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