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Table Of Contents

Mathematical preliminaries
1.1 Sets, relations and functions
1.2 Set cardinality
1.3 Three proof techniques
1.4 Graphs
1.5 Alphabets, words and languages
Elements of computability theory
2.1 Turing machines
2.2 Machines and languages
2.3 Reducibility between languages
Complexity classes
3.1 Dynamic complexity measures
3.2 Classes of languages
3.3 Decision problems and languages
3.4 Time-complexity classes
3.5 The pseudo-Pascal language
The class P
4.1 The class P
4.2 The robustness of the class P
4.3 Polynomial-time reducibility
4.4 Uniform diagonalization
The class NP
5.1 The class NP
5.2 NP-complete languages
5.3 NP-intermediate languages
5.4 Computing and verifying a function
5.5 Relativization of the P = NP conjecture
The complexity of optimization problems
6.1 Optimization problems
6.2 Underlying languages
6.3 Optimum measure versus optimum solution
6.4 Approximability
6.5 Reducibility and optimization problems
Beyond NP
7.1 The class coNP
7.2 The Boolean hierarchy
7.3 The polynomial hierarchy
7.4 Exponential-time complexity classes
Space-complexity classes
8.1 Space-complexity classes
8.2 Relations between time and space
8.3 Nondeterminism, determinism and space
8.4 Nondeterminism, complement and space
8.6 Polynomial space
Probabilistic algorithms and complexity classes
9.1 Some probabilistic algorithms
9.2 Probabilistic Turing machines
9.3 Probabilistic complexity classes
Interactive proof systems
10.1 Interactive proof systems
10.2 The power of IP
10.3 Probabilistic checking of proofs
Models of parallel computers
11.1 Circuits
11.2 The PRAM model
11.3 PRAM memory conflicts
11.4 A comparison of the PRAM models
11.5 Relations between circuits and PRAMs
11.6 The parallel computation thesis
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Introduction to Theory of the Complexity

Introduction to Theory of the Complexity

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Published by phuongvc

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Published by: phuongvc on Jul 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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