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1 INTRODUCTION
1 Introduction
2 VECTORS
2 Vectors
2.1 Vector Algebra
2.2 Vector Area
2.3 The Scalar Product
2.6 Line Integrals
2.7 Surface Integrals
2.8 Volume Integrals
3 ELECTRICITY
3 Electricity
3.1 Historical Introduction
3.2 Conductors and Insulators
3 ELECTRICITY 3.3 Electrometers and Electroscopes
3.3 Electrometers and Electroscopes
3.4 Induced Electric Charge
3.5 Coulomb’s Law
3.6 Electric Fields
3.7 Worked Examples
4 GAUSS’ LAW
4 Gauss’ Law
4.1 Electric Field-Lines
4 GAUSS’ LAW 4.2 Gauss’ Law
4.2 Gauss’ Law
4.3 Electric Field of a Spherical Conducting Shell
4 GAUSS’ LAW 4.4 Electric Field of a Uniformly Charged Wire
4.4 Electric Field of a Uniformly Charged Wire
4.5 Electric Field of a Uniformly Charged Plane
4.6 Charged Conductors
4.7 Worked Examples
5 ELECTRIC POTENTIAL
5 Electric Potential
5.1 Electric Potential Energy
5.2 Electric Potential
5.3 Electric Potential and Electric Field
5 ELECTRIC POTENTIAL 5.4 Electric Potential of a Point Charge
5.4 Electric Potential of a Point Charge
5.5 Worked Examples
6 CAPACITANCE
6 Capacitance
6.1 Charge Storage
6.2 Breakdown
6 CAPACITANCE 6.3 Capacitance
6.3 Capacitance
6.4 Dielectrics
6.5 Capacitors in Series and in Parallel
6.6 Energy Stored by Capacitors
6.7 Worked Examples
7 ELECTRIC CURRENT
7 Electric Current
7.1 Electric Circuits
7.2 Ohm’s Law
7.3 Resistance and Resistivity
7.4 Emf and Internal Resistance
7.5 Resistors in Series and in Parallel
7.6 Kirchhoff’s Rules
7.7 Capacitors in DC Circuits
7.8 Energy in DC Circuits
7.9 Power and Internal Resistance
7.10 Worked Examples
8 MAGNETISM
8 Magnetism
8.1 Historical Introduction
8.2 Amp`ere’s Experiments
8.3 Amp`ere’s Law
8.4 The Lorentz Force
8.5 Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field
8.6 The Hall Effect
8.7 Amp`ere’s Circuital Law
8 MAGNETISM 8.8 Magnetic Field of a Solenoid
8.8 Magnetic Field of a Solenoid
8.9 Origin of Permanent Magnetism
8 MAGNETISM 8.10 Gauss’ Law for Magnetic Fields
8.10 Gauss’ Law for Magnetic Fields
8.11 Galvanometers
8.12 Worked Examples
9 MAGNETIC INDUCTION
9 Magnetic Induction
9.2 Lenz’s Law
9.3 Magnetic Induction
9.4 Motional Emf
9.5 Eddy Currents
9.6 The Alternating Current Generator
9.8 The Alternating Current Motor
9.9 The Direct Current Motor
9.10 Worked Examples
10 INDUCTANCE
10 Inductance
10.1 Mutual Inductance
10 INDUCTANCE 10.2 Self Inductance
10.2 Self Inductance
10.3 Energy Stored in an Inductor
10.4 The RL Circuit
10.5 The RC Circuit
10.6 Transformers
10.7 Impedance Matching
10.8 Worked Examples
11 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES
11 Electromagnetic Waves
11.1 Maxwell’s Equations
11.2 Electromagnetic Waves
11.3 Effect of Dielectric Materials
11.4 Energy in Electromagnetic Waves
11.5 Worked Examples
12 GEOMETRIC OPTICS
12 Geometric Optics
12.1 Introduction
12 GEOMETRIC OPTICS 12.2 History of Geometric Optics
12.2 History of Geometric Optics
12.3 Law of Geometric Propagation
12.4 Law of Reﬂection
12.5 Law of Refraction
12.6 Total Internal Reﬂection
12.7 Dispersion
12.8 Rainbows
12.9 Worked Examples
13 PARAXIAL OPTICS
13 Paraxial Optics
13.1 Spherical Mirrors
13.2 Image Formation by Concave Mirrors
13.3 Image Formation by Convex Mirrors
13.4 Image Formation by Plane Mirrors
13.5 Thin Lenses
13.6 Image Formation by Thin Lenses
13.7 Chromatic aberration
13.8 Worked Examples
14 WAVE OPTICS
14 Wave Optics
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Huygens’ principle
14.3 Young’s Double-Slit Experiment
14.4 Interference in Thin Films
14.5 Worked Examples
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Electromagnetism and Optics

# Electromagnetism and Optics

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Electromagnetism and Optics
An introductory course

Richard Fitzpatrick Professor of Physics The University of Texas at Austin

Contents
1 Introduction 2 Vectors 2.1 Vector Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 9 9

2.2 Vector Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2.3 The Scalar Product . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2.4 The Vector Product . . . . . . . .
Electromagnetism and Optics
An introductory course

Richard Fitzpatrick Professor of Physics The University of Texas at Austin

Contents
1 Introduction 2 Vectors 2.1 Vector Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 9 9

2.2 Vector Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2.3 The Scalar Product . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2.4 The Vector Product . . . . . . . .

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12/12/2012

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