party in democratic elections. Such behavior is the result of an expectation of real or imagined benefits from that candidate or the party, often at the cost of other communities. Vote bank policy is a divisive politics. It is detrimental to democracy because this brand of politicsencourages voters to vote on the basis of narrow communal considerations, often against their better judgment.In India, the practice of vote bank politics is rampant. The term vote bank was first used by notedIndian sociologist, M. N. Srinivas which has now become a part of vocabulary of Indian politics(Atal, 2009, p. 189). By seeing its success, other Asian countries have adopted it. Though theterm originally referred to voting along caste lines, it was soon expanded to describe vote banks based on other community characteristics, such as religion and particularly the religioussentiment of the Indian Muslims.Since the establishment of democratic and secular polity in India, the Muslim population was bracketed in a vote bank group initially by the Congress party and subsequently by all the political parties in the country. None of them however, offered any remedial solution to resolvethe educational and economic miseries of the Muslim masses and allowed their communalconflict with the Hindus and Christians to grow day by day. There are many very distinctivequalities in the political behavior of the Indian Muslims.1.
A Muslim is not born in a family. He is born in the religion of Islam. He does not belongto Indian civilization; rather he belongs to the Arab culture. He has no appreciation for the ancient Vedic traditions. An Indian Muslim family is a poor imitation of an Arabfamily within the principled confines of Islam. Therefore it is very easy to isolate them asa religion-centric society and exploit in the name of Islam.2.
It is easy to boost up the Indian Muslims on Kashmir issue or Israeli-Palestinian issue.3.
Most of the Indian Muslims have immense hate for their progressive Hindu and Christiancommunities because of the illiteracy, poverty and backwardness of their owncommunity. This makes the Indian Muslims suffer from strong inferiority complex.4.
Muslims cannot de-link religion and politics. They vote in large numbers and participatemore in politics, much more than the rest of the electorate. They vote µen bloc¶ for onecandidate or party.5.
Muslim voters are more µstrategic¶ in their voting and tend to hold back their decisionsuntil the last moment.6.
They are more dependent on others in their decision making and more likely to beinfluenced by clerics or community leaders and guided more by narrow communityissues rather than by broader interests. In many Muslim dominated areas they do not haveindividual opinion and cast their votes as per the fatwa dictated by their religious leaders.7.
Crime rate amongst Muslims is very high in India. Politiciansneed muscle power support for political work, parties and elections and the criminals