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Effective Microorganisms

Effective Microorganisms

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Published by Fahim Chowdhury
its not my own writing,but thought it might help others so...
its not my own writing,but thought it might help others so...

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Fahim Chowdhury on Jul 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/27/2013

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Utility of Effective Microorganism 01
UTILITY OF EFFECTIVE MICROORGANISM (EM)
INTRODUCTION:
EM stands for "Effective Microorganisms" and was coined by Professor Dr. Teruo Higa, whodeveloped EM. EM consists of a wide variety of effective, beneficial and non-pathogenicmicroorganisms produced through a natural process and not chemically synthesized or genetically engineered. It comes in a liquid form.EM has a broad application. EM has no adverse effects on and is beneficial to plants, animals,and humans. Very simply put, EM lives off our waste while we live off "their waste". Their wastesimply translates to a healthy environment for us in which EM becomes inactivated; therefore, amutual existence can be had. EM only creates the condition for best results,that is, the users should nurture the condition and provide the resources for EM to perform optimally. Microorganisms exist naturally throughout theenvironment from rock crevices to our internal organs. In our present dayenvironment, putrefactive microorganisms, those types responsible for the rotting of organicmatter to maladies in organisms, dominate much of the sphere of the microorganisms.EM has the potential, given the conditions, to suppress the putrefactive microorganisms anddominate this sphere and creates re-animated surroundings, that is, organics are transformedthrough the process of fermentation as opposed to putrefaction, and living organisms, as wellas, inorganic materials are enabled with the means to impede deterioration. Deterioration ishere meant the activity of active oxygen or free-radicals through which organisms degenerateand inorganic materials corrode, as in iron rusting. EM can thus, also, be considered as anantioxidant.
ABSTRACT:
Effective Microorganism is a proprietary blend of 3 or more types of predominantly anaerobic organisms. "EM Technology" uses a laboratory cultured mixture of microorganisms consisting mainly of lactic acid bacteria, purple bacteria, and yeast which co-exist for the benefit of whichever environment they are introduced, as has been claimed by thevarious em-like culture purveyors. It is reported to include:
 
Utility of Effective Microorganism 02
y
Lactic acid bacteria: Lactobacillus casei
y
Photosynthetic bacteria: Rhodopseudomonas palustris
y
Yeast: Saccharomyces cerevisiae
y
Others: Beneficial Microorganisms that exist naturally in the environment survive in themixture of EM.
ORIGIN:
The concept of µFriendly Microorganisms¶ was developed by Professor Teruo Higa, fromthe University of the Ryukyus in Okinawa, Japan. He reported in the 1980s that a combinationof approximately 80 different microorganisms is capable of positively influencing decomposingorganic matter such that it reverts into a µlife promoting¶ process. Higa invokes a µdominanceprinciple¶ to explain the effects of his µEffective Microorganisms¶. He claims that three groups of microorganisms exist: µpositive microorganisms¶ (regeneration), µnegative microorganisms¶(decomposition, degeneration), and µopportunist microorganisms¶. In every medium (soil, water,air, the human intestine), the ratio of µpositive¶ and µnegative¶ microorganisms is critical, sincethe opportunist microorganisms follow the trend to regeneration or degeneration. Therefore,Higa believes that it is possible to positively influence the given media by supplementingwith
 positive
microorganisms.
APPLICATION:
EM Technology is supposed to maintain sustainable practices such as farming andsustainable living, and also claims to support human health and hygiene, animal husbandry,compost and waste management, disaster clean-up (The Southeast Tsunami of 2004, the KobeEarthquake, and Hurricane Katrina remediation projects), and generally used to promotefunctions in natural communities.EM has been employed in many agricultural applications, but is also used in the production of several health products in South Africa and the USA. (Fuel additive products are no longer available). A High School in Malaysia, Sekolah Menegah Kebangsaan Dato' Onn Butterworth, Penang, areusing EM to treat Greywater, minimize odor from Septic Tank & remove sludge from drains.
 
Utility of Effective Microorganism 03
SOME UTILITIES OF EFFECTIVE MICROORGANISM
1) Utility of EM on Wastewater Treatment Plants:
The use of effective microorganisms (EM) for reducing volumes of sewage sludge has oftenbeen suggested as feasible in either wastewater treatment plants or on-site wastewater treatment systems such as septic tanks. The organisms are supposed to eliminate the volumesof sludge produced, with the benefits of reduced sludge handling, and consequently lower costsand decreased impacts upon the environment. This project aimed to test the hypothesis that EMis beneficial in reducing sludge volumes. Two areas of experimentation were undertaken, one ata controlled experiment at the Coffs Harbour Wastewater Treatment Plant (CHWTP) and asecond on five domestic septic tanks in the Armidale-Dumaresq area (northern NSW).Resultsfrom CHWTP showed a significant decrease in pH levels with increased EM dose, improvedsettlement of the sludge, but a significant increase in BOD . There was a 5 significantly higher level of solids in the treated tanks compared to the control. The lack of consistency between thetank treatments with respect to quality and quantity of sludge remained an issue. The septictanks indicated a pattern of similar conditions following a final application, suggestingdomination by a particular type of microorganism. However, there was no reduction insuspended solids content in the effluent. It is concluded that there were not sufficient changes tosludge volume (CHWTP) or suspended solids (septic tanks) to indicate a clear benefit from theuse of EM in wastewater.
2) Utility of EM on Water Purification:
Microorganisms have much to do with the process of water purification in nature. Even in thelatest water purification technology such as theactivated sludge process, microorganisms play a major role.Self-purification power of water works well under theindigenous ecosystems functioning properly with a richaquatic ecosystem pyramid .In polluted water withsludge accumulating at the bottom and foul odors, self-

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