A relay is an electromagnetic device, which is used to open or close electricalcircuits. It is so called because it relays information from one circuit toanother circuit.
CLASSIFICATION OF RELAYS:
Relays may be classified into various ways depending upon the followingfactors.1. Type of mounting – Shelf type and plug in type.2. Supply used – DC relay and AC relay3. Contact arrangement - Proved and non-proved.4. Application – Track relay, Line relay and special relays.
DC Relay works on DC current.
DC NEUTRAL RELAY
: A neutral relay is one which operates irrespective ofdirection of current,. It is so called because it is magnetically neutral.
DC SHELF TYPE RELAY
: (As shown in fig.)PRINCIPLE OF WORKING: DC neutral relay works on electromagneticprinciple. Each relay has two coils, core, Yoke, armature contacts andbinding post.When current is applied through the coil, it sets up magnetic flux through thecore, yoke and armature. This flux causes armature to get attracted towardsthe pole face. Armature picks up and front contact closes. When current isinterrupted magnetic flux collapses causing armature to drop due to its gravityand front contact opens.
PLUG IN TYPE RELAY
: Plug in type relays, which are plugged into prewiredterminal board. The relay may be proved type (metal to metal) and non-proved type (metal to carbon)
: The relays are used to control signaling circuit and signallingapparatuses. The relay also protects the signaling equipment.