mystery, the control group’s productivity also tendedto rise as the test group’s lighting conditions werealtered, even though the control group experienced nochanges in illumination (see Figure 2.3). Since therewas a rise in performance in both groups, theresearchers concluded that group productivity was notdirectly related to illumination intensity. Somethingbesides lighting was influencing their performance.At this point of the Hawthorne Experiments,researchers from Harvard University, under theguidance of Elton Mayo, were invited to participate inconducting the next phase of experiments.
Relay assembly test room experiments
A second set of experiments took place between 1927and 1933. In this phase, researchers were concernedabout working conditions such as number of workhours, frequency and duration of rest periods. Theresearchers selected six women for the experiments.These women worked in the relay assembly test room,assembling a small device called an electrical relay.The participants were informed beforehand about theexperiments. In the course of the experiments, anumber of variables were altered in the room: wageswere increased; rest periods of varying lengths wereintroduced; the duration of work was shortened. Theworkers were also granted certain privileges such asleaving their workstation without obtaining permission.These workers received special attention from theresearchers and company officials.