“Biomethanation of Dairy Waste WaterThrough UASB at Mesophilic TemperatureRange”
M.Tech student IV sem ,Department of Civil Engineering , G.H.Raisoni college of engineering, C.R.P.F. Gate No.3, Digdoh Hills, Hingna Road, Nagpur 440016, (India)E-mail:email@example.com.
Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering , G.H.Raisoni college of engineering,C.R.P.F. Gate No.3, Digdoh Hills, Hingna Road, Nagpur 440016, (India)
Deputy General Manager,Lars Enviro Pvt.Ltd.,218, Bajaj Nagar South ambazariRoad,Nagpur,440010, (India)
In any dairy industry the quantity and characteristics of effluent is depending upon the extentof production activities, Pasteurisation to several milk products. Waste water generated indairy contains highly putrescible organic constituents and almost all the organic constituentsof dairy waste are easily biodegradable. The anaerobic digesters in first phase of treatment,which is followed by high rate aerobic treatment remains as the most common effluenttreatment method for dairy industry. The Indian dairy industries is stated to have the growthat more than15% & poised to cross the 150 Million tones per annum.The requirement for milk & milk products are keep growing in steady pace, making a significant impact on theIndian agriculture domain. In dairy industry waste water produces from the operations of bottle, can and tanker washing, machinery and floor, the liquid waste in a dairy originatesfrom manufacturing process, utilities and service section.The paper present initiated study the removal efficiency and performance of UpflowAnaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) Reactor for treating dairy effluent and biogas generationestimation.
The aim of this work was to the study of a UASB reactor treating dairywastewater. The digester efficiency of treating dairy wastewater at organic loading rates wasstudied and its performance was assessed by monitoring pH, dissolved Chemical OxygenDemand (COD), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Total Suspended Solids (TSS) andVolatile Fatty Acids (VFA) and biogas production.The reactor achieved COD, BOD,TSSremoval efficiency was observed 87.06%,94.50%,and 56.54% respectively. and theVFA/Alkalinity ratio varies from 0.28 to 0.43. The pH of reactor was found to be 6.9-7.1.The average gas production and methane gas conversion at optimum conditions was observedto be 179.35 m
/day and 125.55 m
/day, respectively. The overall methane composition wasnoticed to be 75% of the biogas.This study suggests that the post-treatment of dairy wastewater effluent is required to meet the safe effluent disposal standards.
: Anaerobic digestion, Biogas, Dairy wastewater, UASB reactor, Methane.
Monali Gotmare* et al. / (IJAEST) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED ENGINEERING SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGIESVol No. 8, Issue No. 1, 001 - 009ISSN: 2230-7818@ 2011 http://www.ijaest.iserp.org. All rights Reserved.Page 1