As the interim period comes to an end, the region still suffers from thesame problems it suffered from before, and people in the region have notseen any benefits from the CPA and the Three Areas Protocol apart from afew roads and government buildings built using the 2% share of oilawarded to South Kordofan in the Wealth Sharing Protocol. The rivalrybetween the NCP and SPLM has led to insecurity in the region and to agreater proliferation of arms. The area used to be controlled by the SPLMbefore the agreement, and it is still not truly under the control of theregional government. Regional elections were postponed due todisagreements over the 2008 census results. This disagreement requiredthat the census be repeated in 2010, with the regional elections finallytaking place in May, 2011, with a supplementary election for the regionalassembly and the state’s governor.
For the last two years, relations between the leadership of SPLM and theNCP were considered to be excellent due to the pragmatic approach of Abdele Asis Adam, Hilow, and Ahmed Haron. They decided to worktogether for the benefit of the region and its people rather than bring thedifferences between Khartoum and Juba to Kadugli, the regional capital. This approach managed to restored law and order as well as address verydifficult security challenges. Relations began to deteriorate during theelection campaign and totally collapsed after the Arab militia attack onthe area of AlFayed Umabdella Rashad locality in April 2011.
The Regional Election
The May 2011 election in South Kordofan was one of the more contestedelections in terms of campaigning and preparation. The slogans used bythe two main parties made it clear that the losing party would not acceptthe results and that the dispute could lead to violence. The weakness of the National Election Commission and the Election Commission in SouthKordofan aggravated the situation, ultimately serving to encourage theSPLM to reject the election results and accuse the NCP of rigging theelection.
Disarming SPLA in North Sudan
The decision by the government in Khartoum to disarm all SPLA elementsin the North by the 31
May 2011 was not based on the CPA securityarrangement protocol. The CPA security arrangement protocol statedclearly that the Joint Military Units must be dissolved 90 days after theend of the interim period, meaning October 2011, not April 2011 as statedby the SAF chief of Staff’s letter to the SPLA chief of Staff. Additionally,