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Quantum mechanics course Stationary Ptexamples

Quantum mechanics course Stationary Ptexamples

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Published by jlbalb

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Published by: jlbalb on Sep 14, 2008
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09/04/2010

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Lecture 20.Perturbation Theory: Examples
* The tilted potential well
The quantum-confined Stark effect* Degenerate perturbation theory
Two-dimensional quantum well
 
Previously we discussed anAPPROXIMATEapproach to determine the energy eigenvaluesand eigenfunctions of aPERTURBEDsystem in terms of those of anEXACTsystem * In these equations
and
are the energy eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of theexact system while
and
are those of the perturbed system* Today we discuss some illustrativeAPPLICATIONSof thisPERTURBATION THEORY
We begin by considering the case of an electron that moves in aTILTEDpotentialwell that results when a uniform electric field is applied to the system
The Tilted Potential Well
)23.19(
,*
nnnk nk nnnn
 E 
   
)24.19(
,*
nnnk nn
     
 
TheUNPERTURBEDsystem that here is taken to be anINFINITEpotential well centered on the origin
= 0* The energyEIGENVALUESfor this system were computed previously* With the well centered on the origin it is easy to show that theEIGENFUNCTIONSofthe Hamiltonian exhibit eitherEVENorODDsymmetry and take the form
The Tilted Potential Well
,3,2,1, 2
2222
nmLn
n
  
)1.20(,5,3,1,cos 2)(
n x Ln L x
even
n
  
)2.20(,6,4,2,sin 2)(
n x Ln L x
odd 
n
  
-L/2+L/

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