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Student Copy HW 14A

Student Copy HW 14A

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CHE 134 smr 11  HW 14AName:__________________________________________________________________________
1. The equilibrium between carbon dioxide gas and carbonic acid is very important in biology andenvironmental science.CO
2
(
aq
)
+ H
2
O(
)
 
 H
2
CO
3
(aq
)
 What is the equilibrium constant expression (K 
c
)
for this reaction?2. What is the correct equilibrium constant expression for the following reaction?Fe
2
O
3
(s
)
+ 3H
2
(g
)
 
 
2Fe(s
)
+ 3H
2
O(g
)
 3. The following reactions occur at 500 K. Arrange them in order of increasing tendency to proceed tocompletion (least
p
greatest tendency
)
.1. 2NOCl
2NO + Cl
2
 p
= 1.7
v
10
 ± 2
2. 2SO
3
2SO
2
+ O
2
 p
= 1.3
v
10
±5
3. 2NO
2
 
2NO + O
2
 p
= 5.9
v
10
±5
 4. Carbon tetrachloride reacts at high temperatures with oxygen to produce two toxic gases, phosgene andchlorine.CCl
4
(g
)
+
1
/
2
O
2
(g
)
 
 
COCl
2
(g
)
+ Cl
2
(g
)
,
c
= 4.4
v
10
9
at 1,000 K Calculate K 
c
for the reaction2CCl
4
(g
)
+ O
2
(g
)
 
 
2COCl
2
(g
)
+ 2Cl
2
(g
)
 5. When the following reaction is at equilibrium, which of these relationships is
always
true?2NOCl(g
)
 
2NO(g
)
+ Cl
2
(g
)
 A
)
[NO] [Cl
2
] = [NOCl] D
)
2[NO] = [Cl
2
]B
)
[NO]
2
[Cl
2
] = [NOCl]
2
E
)
[NO]
2
[Cl
2
] = K 
c
[NOCl]
2
 C
)
[NOCl] = [NO]6. On analysis, an equilibrium mixture for the reaction 2H
2
S(g
)
 
 
2H
2
(g
)
+ S
2
(g
)
was found to contain 1.0mol H
2
S, 4.0 mol H
2
, and 0.80 mol S
2
in a 4.0 L vessel. Calculate the equilibrium constant, K 
c
, for thisreaction.
 
CHE 134 smr 11  HW 14AName:__________________________________________________________________________
7. 1.25 moles of NOCl were placed in a 2.50 L reaction chamber at 427ºC. After equilibrium was reached,1.10 moles of NOCl remained. Calculate the equilibrium constant, K 
c
, for the reaction2NOCl(g
)
 
 
2NO(g
)
+ Cl
2
(g
)
.8.
 p
for the reaction of SO
2
(g
)
with O
2
to produce SO
3
(g
)
is 3
v
10
24
. Calculate K 
c
for this equilibrium at25ºC. (The relevant reaction is 2SO
2
(g
)
+ O
2
(g
)
 
 
2SO
3
(g
)
.
)
 9. Equilibrium is established for the reaction 2X(s
)
+ Y(g
)
 
 
2Z(g
)
at 500K,
c
= 100. Determine theconcentration of Z in equilibrium with 0.2 mol X and 0.50 M Y at 500K.10. At 35ºC, the equilibrium constant for the reaction 2NOCl(g
)
 
2NO(g
)
+ Cl
2
(g
)
is
c
= 1.6
v
10
 ±5
. An equilibrium mixture was found to have the following concentrations of Cl
2
and NOCl: [Cl
2
] = 1.2
v
10
 ±2
M; [NOCl] = 2.8
v
10
 ±1
M. Calculate the concentration of NO(g
)
atequilibrium.11. Hydrogen iodide decomposes according to the equation 2HI(g
)
 
H
2
(g
)
+ I
2
(g
)
, for which K 
c
= 0.0156at 400ºC. 0.550 mol HI was injected into a 2.00 L reaction vessel at 400ºC. Calculate the concentrationof HI at equilibrium.12. 15.00 g of solid ammonium hydrogen sulfide is introduced into a 500.-mL flask at 25°C, the flask issealed, and the system is allowed to reach equilibrium. What is the partial pressure of ammonia in thisflask if K 
 p
= 0.108 at 25°C for  NH
4
HS(s
)
 
 
 NH
3
(g
)
+ H
2
S (g
)
?
 
CHE 134 smr 11  HW 14AName:__________________________________________________________________________
13. Consider the following reactions and their associated equilibrium constants:A + 2B
C
1
C
D + E
2
For the reaction A + 2B
D + E, what is the equilibrium constant K 
c
?14. At 700 K, the reaction 2SO
2
(g
)
+ O
2
(g
)
 
2SO
3
(g
)
has the equilibrium constant K 
c
= 4.3
v
10
6
, and thefollowing concentrations are present: [SO
2
] = 0.010 M; [SO
3
] = 10. M; [O
2
] = 0.010 M. Is the mixtureat equilibrium? If not at equilibrium, in which direction (as the equation is written
)
,
left to right 
or 
right to left 
, will the reaction proceed to reach equilibrium?15. For the following reaction at equilibrium, what change will shift the position of equilibrium to favor formation of more products?2NOBr(g
)
 
2NO(g
)
+ Br 
2
(g
)
,
(
rxn
= 30 kJ/mol16. For the following reaction at equilibrium, what change would cause the equilibrium to shift to the
left 
?2NOBr(g
)
 
2NO(g
)
+ Br 
2
(g
)
,
(
rxn
= 30 kJ/mol17. For the following reaction at equilibrium in a reaction vessel, what change would cause the Br 
2
 concentration to
increase
?2NOBr(g
)
 
2NO(g
)
+ Br 
2
(g
)
,
(
rxn
= 30 kJ/mol18. The reaction 2SO
3
(g
)
 
2SO
2
(g
)
+ O
2
(g
)
is endothermic. If the temperature is increased what changesoccur and how do they affect the
c
?19.. For the reaction 2NOCl(g
)
 
2NO(g
)
+ Cl
2
(g
)
, K 
c
= 8.0 at a certain temperature. What concentration of  NOCl must be put into an empty 4.00 L reaction vessel in order that the equilibrium concentration of  NOCl be 1.00 M?

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