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Bridge to Abstract Mathematics

# Bridge to Abstract Mathematics

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03/30/2013

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BridgetoAbstractMathematics
Ralph W. Oberste-VorthandAristides Mouzakitis

1
2003 by Ralph W. Oberste-Vorth and Aristides Mouzakitis

i
Contents
i
Some Notes on Notation
iii
Preface
ivPART I. THE AXIOMATIC METHOD 1Chapter 1.
Introduction
2
Section1. The History of Numbers 2Section2. The Algebra of Numbers 2Section3. The Axiomatic Method 3Section4. Parallel Mathematical Universes 5
Chapter 2.
Statements in Mathematics
8
Section1. Mathematical Statements 8Section2. Mathematical Connectives 8Section3. Symbolic Logic 8Section4. Compound Statements in English 8Section5. Predicates and Quantiers 11Supplemental Exercises 74
Chapter 3.
Proofs in Mathematics
8
Section1. What is Mathematics? 12Section2. Direct Proof 13Section3. Contraposition and Proof by Contradiction 15Section4. Proof by Induction 16Section5. Examples and Counterexamples 22Supplemental Exercises 74How to THINK about mathematics: A Summary 24How to COMMUNICATE mathematics: A Summary 24
PART II. SET THEORY 25Chapter 4.
Basic Set Operations
26
Section1. Introduction 26Section2. Subsets 27Section3. Intersections and Unions 28Section4. Differences and Complements 31

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