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Published by Gerald Frey

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Published by: Gerald Frey on Sep 14, 2008
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09/06/2012

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DISCOURSES ON THE FIRST DECADE OFTITUS LIVIUSBY NICCOLO MACHIAVELLICITIZEN AND SECRETARY OF FLORENCETRANSLATED FROM THE ITALIAN BY NINIAN HILL THOMSON, M.A.LONDON KEGAN PAUL, TRENCH & CO., 1, PATERNOSTER SQUARE 1883
 
TO PROFESSOR PASQUALE VILLARI.DEAR PROFESSOR VILLARI,Permit me to inscribe your name on a translation of Machiavelli's Discourses which I hadyour encouragement to undertake, and in which I have done my best to preserve something of the flavour of the original.Yours faithfully, NINIAN HILL THOMSON.FLORENCE, May 17, 1883.
 
BOOK I.PREFACECHAPTER I. Of the beginnings of Cities in general, and in particular of that of RomeII. Of the various kinds of Government; and to which of them the Roman Commonwealth belongedIII. Of the accidents which led in Rome to the creation of Tribunes of the People, wherebythe Republic was made more perfectIV. That the dissensions between the Senate and Commons of Rome made Rome free and powerfulV. Whether the guardianship of public freedom is safer in the hands of the Commons or of the Nobles; and whether those who seek to acquire power, or they who seek to maintain it, arethe greater cause of commotionsVI. Whether it was possible in Rome to contrive such a Government as would havecomposed the differences between the Commons and the SenateVII. That to preserve liberty in a State, there must exist the right to accuseVIII. That calumny is as hurtful in a Commonwealth as the power to accuse is usefulIX. That to give new institutions to a Commonwealth, or to reconstruct old institutions on anentirely new basis, must be the work of one ManX. That in proportion as the founder of a Kingdom or Commonwealth merits praise, he whofounds a Tyranny deserves blameXI. Of the Religion of the RomansXII. That it is of much moment to make account of Religion; and that Italy, through theRoman Church, being wanting therein, has been ruinedXIII. Of the use the Romans made of Religion in giving institutions to their City; in carryingout their enterprises; and in quelling tumultsXIV. That the Romans interpreted the auspices to meet the occasion; and made a prudentshow of observing the rites of Religion even when forced to disregard them; and any who rashlyslighted Religion they punished

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