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Riley Aff 6-21-11 as Signed

Riley Aff 6-21-11 as Signed

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Published by: CECPP on Jul 15, 2011
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07/15/2011

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StateofNewYork))SS:CountyofNewYork)TERENCERILEY,beingdulysworn,deposesandsays: 1.Iamanarchitectandprincipalofthefirmof
KlR
ArchitectPCwithofficesinNewYorkCityandMiami,Florida.AsthePhilipJohnsonChiefCurator,IledtheDepartment ofArchitectureandDesignattheMuseumofModernArtinNewYorkCity,from1992to2006. IthenbecamedirectoroftheMiamiArtMuseumbeforeresumingprivatepracticewith
KlR
in2010.2.IamintimatelyfamiliarwiththeInternationalStyleofarchitecture,ofwhichthe ManufacturersHanoverTrustbuildingatFifthAvenueand43
rd
StreetinManhattanisaprime example,indeedamasterpieceofthisschool. 3.Completedin1954,thebuildingwasimmediatelyrecognizedasabreakthrough inbankingarchitectureandatriumphoftheInternationalStyle.Itbrokethetraditionoffortress-likemasonrybankarchitecturebytransparentlyexposingthebankingfloors,andeventhesafedepositvaultentrance,topublicviewthroughaglassfacade.Itsglassandsteelconstructionall buteliminatedthedistinctionbetweeninsideandoutside.Aseeminglyfloatingmezzanineabovethefirstfloorcontributestotheairinessoftheentirebuilding. 4.Thebuildingwasdesignedbythewell-knownfirmofSkidmoreOwings
&
Merrill,withitspartnerGordonBunshaftasleadarchitect.SOMwasalargeandverysuccessful commercialfirmthatachievedenormousartisticstaturewithitsLeverHousein1952.TheManufacturersHanoverTrustbuildingbecameitssecondgreatInternationalStylesuccess. 5.Theapparentparadoxofatransparentbuildingtosafeguardpeople'smoney,thepresenceofagreatsteelsafevisuallyaccessibletothepassers-bybutofcoursenotactually
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accessible,theapparentabsenceofa"frontdoor"butthesubtleyetdefinitivedesignationofitslocationonthesidestreettowardswhichthefree-standingescalatorspoint,andtheelevationupstairsofpeoplewholookprudentlyaftertheirmoney,areallfeaturesofthebuildingthatmadeitandstillmakeitmuchdiscussed.Itisalsosignificantforitsingenuityinaccommodatingpublicbanking,back-officework,andapenthousefortopofficialswithinaremarkablyconstrictedurbansite.Thestructure'sprecisedesignanddetailingmarkthebuildingasanoutstandingworkofart.6.Thebuildingisnotableforitspioneeringstructuralinnovations.Theentire structureissupportedbyonlyeightverticalpierswhichcarrytheweightofboththefloorslabsandtheexteriorcurtainwallwhichishungfromtheslabs.Thelargefloorandceilingplanesuninterruptedbypartitionsarevitaltothebuildingsstructuralexpressionismanditsaesthetic intent.CeilingsaremadeoftranslucentthincorrugatedplasticsupportedbyasuspendedaluminumgridwhichconcealsHVACductwork,publicaddresssystems,acousticalmaterialsandfluorescentluminaires.Thecorrugatedplasticpanelsevenlydiffuseartificiallightoverthe entireceilingplane.Thisoriginalluminousceilinggridwithitscombinationofmaterialswastechnologicallyinnovativeatthetimeofconstructionandishistoricallysignificantasanexampleofmachine-agetechnology,asitisamongtheearliestinstallationsofitskindsurviving intact.7.Thehandsomecontrastofmaterials---glasswithsteel,marblewithmanufacturedmaterials-andthelightweightpunctuationoffull-floor,open-planbankingroomsbywhite columnstogetherwithasculptural,freestandingescalatorparalleltoandvisiblefromFifthAvenue,andacontrastingcubicalblackgranite-cladvaultareotheraestheticfeaturesworthnoting,inadditiontothenow-removedmetalscreenandthemobilebyHarryBertoia.The
3
 
oblique,43rdStreetsideentrypairedwith,eescalatorplacedparalleltoFifthAvenuedefines thebuilding'sinternalcirculationpath,andinconjunctionwiththeBertoiaartworks,visually engagedvisitors,anddrewthemuptotheselondlevelthroughasubtle,carefully-composedsequenceofgraduallyunfoldinginteriorspJes.ThebuildingisconsideredaniconofAmericancorporatemodernism,significantlocally,naionallyandinternationally.Widelypublishedandtalkedaboutwhenitopened,thebuildingre
I
ainsillustratedanddiscussedincontemporaryarticlesandbooksonModemarchitecture. 8.Theproposedalterationstothefirstandsecondfloorinteriorstogetherwiththeproposedalterationstotheexteriorfacades
1
boththeFifthAvenuefacadeandthe43Streetfacade-wouldmateriallyimpairtheqUalitirthatmakethebuildingsooutstandingandidentify itarecognizableworkofarchitecturebyGOrOnBunshaft.Thesealterationsinclude:(a)Partitioningoftheoriginalopenspaceonthegroundfloorbyaneweast-westdividingwall.A~thOUghthewallwillbecappedbytransparentglass, itspresencewillseVerrlYcompromisethesenseofopenspaciousnessthat characterizestheorigTaldesign.Relocationofthehistoricescalatorsninety-degreestotheiroriginalaxisandplacingthemdeeJwithinthecenterofthefloorplate,farawayfrom theexteriorfacadewh~retheycurrentlyformanessentialpartoftheFifthAvenuefacade'sCareflY-balancedarchitecturalcomposition.CuttingtheescalatorsrfffrOmthebuilding'shistoric43rdStreetentry sequenceandinternalcirculationasconceivedbyitsarchitect.ConvertingtheOrigin~143rdSt,entrytoshowwindowsanddemolishingitsoriginalaluminum-cladvestibule.2)3)4)
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