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Basal Cell

Basal Cell

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Published by sanpaku2003
basal cell carcinoma
basal cell carcinoma

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: sanpaku2003 on Jul 17, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/11/2013

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More than 1 million cases of non-melanoma skin cancer cases are diagnosed with the majority of thecases found to be sun-related. Melanoma, which is the most serious type of skin cancer, will account forat least 75% of deaths due to skin cancer in 2007. (American Cancer Society)There are several types of skin cancer. They are generally classified as either melanoma or non-melanoma. To name a few: (American Cancer Society)MelanomasBasal Cell CarcinomaKeratinocyte CancerSquamous Cell CarcinomaMerkel Cell CarcinomaCutaneous (skin) lymphoma
Melanoma
, though the less common of skin cancers,
is
the most life threatening. They can developfrom pigment-making cells of the skin, called melanocytes. Melanocytes are normally present in theskin, being responsible for the producing of the dark pigment melanin.
Squ
amo
us
C
ell
C
arcinoma
 
(
S
CC)
is the second most common skin cancer form. This form of skin cancermay occur on various different organs such as the skin, lips, mouth, prostate, lungs, urinary bladder,vagina and cervix.
B
a
s
al
C
ell
C
arcinoma
 
(
BCC)
is the most common type of skin cancer. It will rarely kill but it is stillconsidered malignant as it causes significant destruction and disfiguration.All three of these forms of skin cancer are caused by unprotected exposure of the skin to ultravioletradiation. This type of radiation comes from natural sources such as sunlight as well as man-madesources like tanning salons or heat lamps. Prolonged and repeated exposure over the years increases apersons risk of skin cancer.Visual signs between BCC and SCC are similar. Both may display signs of what appears to be a smallsore. The differences between the growths of the two are that the SCC grows at a much faster rate thanthat of BCC. (NetDoctor)Visual signs of melanomas start with knowing the
ABCD
rule of your freckles and moles. (Wikipedia)
A is for Asymmetry
:
One half of a mole or birthmark does not match the other.
B
is for
B
order:
T
he edges are irregular, ragged, notched, or blurred.
C
is for
C
olor:
T
he color is not the same all over 
D
is for
D
iameter:
T
he spot is larger than about ¼ inch
 
 
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|
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It would be safe to say that warning signs for all three types of skin cancer would be very similar to oneanother. Some of the more common signs being: (National Cancer Institute)Sores which do not heal;Sores that grow bigger, or turn into tumors;Coloring which darkens in color or goes red;Itchiness, tenderness or pain;Change in the surface on or around the soreDiagnosis procedures are the same for all three types of skin cancer. The doctor will perform a biopsy of the affected skin. Depending upon the type of biopsy method performed is relevant to the type of skincancer you might have. A shave biopsy is the scraping of the top layers of the skin from the affectedarea. This particular biopsy method is often used for SCC and BCC candidates. Those with melanomacancer will have to use the punch biopsy method because the shave method does not provide a thickenough sample to determine how deep the cancer goes into the skin. (Wikipedia)The more common treatment method used for BCC and SCC patients involve surgical removal of thecancerous cells and underlying areas. A few select cases are treated with topical medications orChemotherapy.Treatment for those diagnosed with melanoma can vary. Surgery to remove the tumor is the primarytreatment for all stages of melanoma. The dermatologist may choose to use chemotherapy, radiation orbiologic therapy to treat the cancerous cells.In my case, I was diagnosed with BCC on my nose. My dermatologist had ordered a shave biopsy aftertaking measures of the affected area. Upon news that my cancer was benign, he scheduled me forsurgery to remove the infected cell from my nose. He further advised me that he would take skinshavings from my cheek to graph over the incision area on my nose. This seemed like a relatively simpleprocedure so I agreed to have it performed immediately. Despite the scar that I now sport, I am happyto learn that Dr. Stewart had not only removed the infectious area and surrounding tissue but foundwhere the cancer had grown beneath my skin, from my nose to my lip.Today, I can say that I am cancer-free.
W
orks
C
ited
"B
asal And Squamous Cell Overview.
"
 
 Basal And Squamous Cell Overview
. American Cancer Society. Web. 28 July 20.<http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003075-pdf.pdf>.
"B
asal Cell Carcinoma.
"
 
Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia
. Web. 01 Aug. 2010.<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
B
asal_Cell_Carcinoma#Signs_and_symptoms>.
"M
elanoma Skin Cancer Review.
"
 
 Melanoma Skin Cancer Review
. American Cancer Society. Web. July-Aug. 2010.<http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003063-pdf.pdf>.

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