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Tech Report NWU-CS-05-03: Modeling Vehicular Traffic and Mobility for Vehicular Wireless Networks

Tech Report NWU-CS-05-03: Modeling Vehicular Traffic and Mobility for Vehicular Wireless Networks

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Computer Science Department
Technical Report NWU-CS-05-03 February, 2005

Modeling Vehicular Traffic and Mobility for Vehicular Wireless Networks
David Choffnes and Fabián E. Bustamante

Abstract
Ad-hoc wireless communication among highly dynamic, mobile nodes in a urban network is a critical capability for a wide range of important applications including automated vehicles, real-time traffic monitoring, and battleground communication. When evaluating application performance through simulation,
Computer Science Department
Technical Report NWU-CS-05-03 February, 2005

Modeling Vehicular Traffic and Mobility for Vehicular Wireless Networks
David Choffnes and Fabián E. Bustamante

Abstract
Ad-hoc wireless communication among highly dynamic, mobile nodes in a urban network is a critical capability for a wide range of important applications including automated vehicles, real-time traffic monitoring, and battleground communication. When evaluating application performance through simulation,

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Published by: eecs.northwestern.edu on Jul 18, 2011
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Computer Science Department
Technical ReportNWU-CS-05-03February, 2005
Modeling Vehicular Traffic and Mobility for Vehicular WirelessNetworks
David Choffnes and Fabián E. Bustamante
Abstract
Ad-hoc wireless communication among highly dynamic, mobile nodes in a urban network is a criticalcapability for a wide range of important applications including automated vehicles, real-time trafficmonitoring, and battleground communication. When evaluating application performance throughsimulation, a realistic mobility model for vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs) is critical for accurateresults. This technical report discusses the implementation of STRAW, a new mobility model for VANETs in which nodes move according to a realistic vehicular traffic model on roads defined by realstreet map data. The challenge is to create a traffic model that accounts for individual vehicle motionwithout incurring significant overhead relative to the cost of performing the wireless network simulation. We identify essential and optional techniques for modeling vehicular motion that can beintegrated into any wireless network simulator. We then detail choices we made in implementingSTRAW.
 
Keywords:
mobility, modeling, JiST/SWANS, simulation, street mobility, vehicular ad hoc networks,wireless networks
 
Modeling Vehicular Traffic and Mobility for Vehicular WirelessNetworks
David R. Choffnes Fabi´an E. BustamanteDepartment of Computer ScienceNorthwestern University
{
drchoffnes,fabianb
}
@cs.northwestern.edu
Abstract
Ad-hoc wireless communication among highly dy-namic, mobile nodes in a urban network is a criti-cal capability for a wide range of important applica-tions including automated vehicles, real-time trafficmonitoring, and battleground communication. Whenevaluating application performance through simula-tion, a realistic mobility model for vehicular ad-hocnetworks (VANETs) is critical for accurate results.This technical report discusses the implementationof STRAW, a new mobility model for VANETs inwhich nodes move according to a realistic vehicu-lar traffic model on roads defined by real street mapdata. The challenge is to create a traffic model thataccounts for individual vehicle motion without in-curring significant overhead relative to the cost of performing the wireless network simulation. Weidentify essential and optional techniques for model-ing vehicular motion that can be integrated into anywireless network simulator. We then detail choiceswe made in implementing STRAW.
1 Introduction
Communication in mobile ad-hoc wireless networks(MANETs) is the focus of extensive research due toits ability to enable distributed applications amongmobile nodes in infrastructureless environments. Ve-hicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs) are a particu-larly challenging class of MANETs characterized bynodes with relatively high mobility (speeds between0 and 20m/s). In addition, unlike many other mo-bile ad-hoc environments where node movement oc-curs in an open field (such as conference rooms andcaf ´es), vehicular nodes are constrained to streets of-ten separated by buildings, trees or other obstruc-tions, thereby increasing the average distance be-tween nodes and, in most cases, reducing the over-all signal strength received at each node. Connectiv-ity in this environment is essential for a wide rangeof important applications including real-time trafficmonitoring, battleground communication and othervehicular distributed systems.We argue that a more realistic mobility model withthe appropriate level of detail [9] for VANETs is crit-ical for accurate network simulation results. Withthis in mind, we designed a new mobility model forVANETs, STRAW (STreet RAndom Waypoint), thatconstrains node movement to streets defined by mapdata for real cities and limits their mobility accordingto vehicular congestion and simplified traffic controlmechanisms.In a separate paper [5], we are evaluating and1

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