Linguistics for Teacher and Writers
TESC • E&W Studies
Study guide for week 5:
The goals for this week are to: 1) learn how productivity in language is related to thehierarchical structure that characterizes all sentences; 2) review parts of speech; and practiceanalyzing sentences in to their constituent phrases and categories.
Language Files: Chapter 5Pinker: Chapter 4
Exercises from the text:
Language Files: Chapter 5 Exercises (not discussion questions or activities).
1. Each word can be assigned to a lexical category. Examine the following sentences andindicate the lexical category of each word.a.
The glass broke.b.
He ran toward the red post.c.
This tall tree gives good shade.d.
He took out the garbage.e.
She looked up the citation in the references.2. Generate a list of words of each category.a. Nouns: __________________________________________b. Verbs: __________________________________________c. Adjectives: ________________________________________d. Adverbs: __________________________________________e. Prepositions: _______________________________________f. Conjunctions: _______________________________________g. Articles: ___________________________________________