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Thuc Hanh Ipho2011_ex

# Thuc Hanh Ipho2011_ex

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09/27/2011

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Experimental Competition: 14 July 2011Problem 1
Page 1 of 4

1. Electrical Blackbox: Capacitive Displacement Sensor
For a capacitor of capacitance

which is a component of a relaxation oscillator whose frequencyof oscillation is
f
, the relationship between
f
and
is as follows:
f C
where is a constant and
is the stray capacitance of our circuits. The frequency
f
can bemonitored using a digital frequency meter.The electrical blackbox given in this experiment is a parallel plate capacitor. Each plate consists of a number of small teeth of the same geometrical shape. The value of
can be varied by displacingthe upper plate relative to the lower plate, horizontally. Between the two plates there is a sheet of dielectric material.
Equipment:
a relaxation oscillator, a digital multimeter for measuring frequency of the relaxationoscillator, a set of capacitors of known capacitances, an electrical blackbox and abattery.
Caution: Check the voltage of the battery and ask for a new one if the voltage is less than 9 V.Do not forget to switch on.
FIGURE 1

Connectors to capacitorElectrical blackbox:Parallel plate capacitorRelaxation oscillatorSliding upper plateBatterySwitchFrequency outputElectrical connectors tothe plates

Experimental Competition: 14 July 2011Problem 1
Page 2 of 4
FIGURE 2 CapacitorsFIGURE 3 Digital multimeter for measuring frequencyTABLE 1 Nominal Capacitance values Code Capacitance value(pF)33J
341
68
681
82J
841
151
1501

The position for frequencymeasurements

Experimental Competition: 14 July 2011Problem 1
Page 3 of 4

Part 1. Calibration
Perform the measurement of
f
using the given capacitors of known capacitances. Draw appropriategraph to find the value of and
. Error analysis is not required.
[3.0 points]

Part 2. Determination of geometrical shape of a parallel plate capacitor [6.0 points]
Given the three possible geometrical shapes as Pattern I, Pattern II and Pattern III as follows:Pattern Iupper platelower plate
slide in and out
Pattern IIupper platelower plate
slide in and out
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