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Earned Value

Earned Value

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Published by Perwaiz
By Tammon T. Wilkenson
By Tammon T. Wilkenson

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Perwaiz on Jul 19, 2011
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12/10/2012

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Emt`eo Smiue) Jiemt m`o Zha~ie_maak _. Vhile`z) Ikz M`feiez Jku`x Aetk~kihm` _tm`z~ktmhk` Mubkthx"Jutte`ix vhb ^thamsetm Zxzeaz) H`j.(M~thi =) =888H`tkoujhk`
_be eta ’Emt`eo Smiue‑ hz fmh`h`f h` ~k~uimthx mtku`o ~tkgej am`mfeae` jhtjiez mz hc h hz zkae vk`oetcui `ev jk`je~k de eadtmjeo. Xe) h bmz dee` h` uze zh`je be =83>z vbe` be Oe~mtae` kc Oece`ze mok~eo h mz m zm`omto aebko kc aemzuth`f ~tkgej ~etcktam`je. _be jk`je~ vmz mjumiix oeseik~eo mz emtix mz be =2>>z vbe` h dejmae oezhtmdie kaemzute ~etcktam`je k` be cmjktx cikkt. _komx) h hz dkb eadtmjeo m`o zbu``eo) kce` h` tez~k`ze k ~thkt er~ethe`je ktzkthez kio ’h` be bmiivmx.‑ _be k~~k`e`z vhii fe`etmiix jhe be jkz m`o ecckt k amle h vktl) m`o be ihaheo de`echoethseo ctka hz ha~ieae`mhk`. _be ~tk~k`e`z vhii jhe be jkz zmsh`fz k be ~tkgej ksetmii) be ha~tkseo m`mixzhz)jkaau`hjmhk` m`o jk`tki oethseo ctka hz ha~ieae`mhk`. @k okud) be vk jma~z bmse smzix ohccete` er~ethe`jez kcktauime beht ~etje~hk`z._bhz ~m~et vhii er~ikte be btee amgkt }uezhk`z tefmtoh`f bhz k~hj7 Vbm) Vbx m`o Bkv; _be ~ut~kze hz k miimx m`xcemtz be temoet ahfb bmse mdku m~~ixh`f bhz uzecui ~tkgej am`mfeae` kki m`o k ~kh` be vmx k amlh`f h vktl. H hzer~ejeo bm be temoet vhii fmh` m bktkufb u`oetzm`oh`f kc be jk`je~ mz veii mz m tejh~e ckt ha~ieae`h`f Emt`eo Smiuek` bhz+bet ~tkgej.
Vbm Hz Emt`eo Smiue;
Vbe` ve z~eml kc Emt`eo Smiue) ve fe`etmiix mte z~emlh`f kc m aebkokikfx. Vbhie Emt`eo Smiue hz guz k`e eieae` kc bhz aebkokikfx) h hz be lex eieae`. _be zha~iez vmx k bh`l kc Emt`eo Smiue hz k e}ume h vhb ~bxzhjmi ~tkftezz. Mzbe `mae ha~ihez) h hz zkaebh`f bm hz fmh`eo btkufb zkae ecckt. H` ~tkgej am`mfeae`) bhz smiue hz emt`eo mz mjhshhezmte jka~ieeoJk`ze}ue`ix) Emt`eo Smiue hz mizk m aemzute kc ~tkftezz. Mz ve zbmii zee imet) bete hz m ohtej teimhk`zbh~ devee`Emt`eo Smiue m`o ~et je` jka~iee. _be mthduez kc Emt`eo Smiue mte bteeckio. Chtz) h hz m u`hckta u`h kc aemzute cktkmi ~tkgej ~tkftezz kt ckt m`x zud!eieae` kc be ~tkgej. Zejk`o) h hz m jk`zhze` aebko ckt m`mixzhz kc ~tkgej ~tkftezzm`o ~etcktam`je. _bhto) h hz m dmzhz ckt jkz ~etcktam`je m`mixzhz kc m ~tkgej.Hc ze u~ ~tk~etix) Emt`eo Smiue ~tkshoez m u`hckta u`h kc aemzute ckt te~kth`f ~tkftezz kc m ~tkgej. _be tmohhk`mi u`hzbm mte uzeo h`jiuoe vktlbkutz m`o okiimtz. Ckt imdkt h`e`zhse eccktz) vktlbkutz mte kce` jk`zhoeteo moe}ume H` zujbh`zm`jez) be ch`m`jhmi oemhiz kc be teamh`h`f ~tkgej jkz mte jk`tkiieo dx be mjjku`h`f zxzea. _beze jkzz h`jiuoezudjk`tmjktz) ksetbemoz m`o kbet ohtej jkzz. Vbe` be e`hte ~tkgej jkz hz k de jk`tkiieo ctka be ~tkgej jk`tkizxzea) be` h hz akte eccejhse k uze okiimtz mz be u`h kc aemzute ckt Emt`eo Smiue. Zh`je emjb imdkt bkut bmz m ~thje)okiimtz jm` de uzeo k jk`tki imdkt mz veii. Bkveset) vbe` uzh`f okiimtz) moohhk`mi cmjktz e`et h`k be ~etcktam`jeesmiumhk`. _bhz h`jiuoez zmimtx tme ohccete`jez) ezjmimhk`) ksetbemo moguzae`z m`o ohccete`jez) ckt erma~ie. Jk`zhoetbe eccej hc be ~im` jmiiz ckt _ka) Ohjl m`o Bmtthe k ok be vktl) du be mjumi vktl hz ~etcktaeo dx Iujx) Dhii m`oAmtx) vbk bmse ohccete` zmimthez. _be okiimt aemzute vhii h`jiuoe be eccej kc be zmimthez. Ckt ~tkgej ch`m`jhmi jk`tki)bhz hz fkko h`cktamhk`. Bkveset) ckt ~tkgej ~etcktam`je jk`tki) bhz h`cktamhk` auoohez u~ be vmetz.Emt`eo Smiue mizk hz m jk`zhze` aebko ckt m`mixzhz kc ~tkgej ~etcktam`je. Zu~~kze xku mzl be dthjlimxetz m`o bejmt~e`etz bkv bex‘te okh`f. Xku mte ihleix k fe ohccete` m`zvetz) h`ciue`jeo `k k`ix dx bkv bex mte mjumiix okh`f)du mizk dx bkv bex jmijuime beht ~im` m`o beht ~tkftezz. Mz ve zbmii zee deikv h` be ohzjuzzhk` kc ’Bkv)‑ uzh`f Emt`eoSmiue ezmdihzbez m ~mthjuimt aebko ckt oeetah`h`f vbm be ~im` k ome hz m`o vbm be ~tkftezz mjumiix mjbheseo hz.Emt`eo Smiue ~tkshoez be dmzhz ckt jkz ~etcktam`je m`mixzhz. Hc xku vm` k l`kv vbm‘z bm~~e`h`f k be jkz kc xkut~tkgej DECKTE h hz jka~ieeo) xku `eeo k l`kv vbm be ~im``eo jkz m m`x hae vmz m`o mizk vbm be jkz kc bejka~ieeo vktl hz. Tecetth`f k Chfute =) zbkuio bhz ~tkgej am`mfet de bm~~x kt jk`jet`eo; H zeeaz bm be mjumi jkzzmte jk`zhoetmdix deikv be ~im``eo jkz. _bhz m~~emtz k de fkko `evz. Bkveset) u`iezz xku ikkl m be ~im``eo jkz kc bejka~ieeo vktl) xku ok`‘ temiix l`kv hc bhz hz fkko `evz kt `k. _bm hz ermjix be ahzzh`f h`cktamhk` bm Emt`eo Smiue~tkshoez.
 
CHFUTE = ! _TMOH_HK@MI JKZ_ M@MIXZHZ
H` ktoet k u`oetzm`o Emt`eo Smiue bktkufbix) ve auz dejkae cmahihmt vhb mii be eieae`z kc be Emt`eo Smiue aebko.Chfute 4 ~tkshoez m` ksetshev kc beze eieae`z. Vbhie am`x ~ek~ie zbx mvmx ctka be mjtk`xaz uzeo k imdei beeieae`z) bex }uhe mjjutmeix oezjthde be eieae`z. _be ~tkgej am`mfeae` ~tmjhhk`et zbkuio de cmahihmt vhb be’mi~bmde zku~.‑ H` bhz ~m~et) ve vhii uze dkb be cktami mjtk`xaz m`o akte cmahihmt etaz k oezjthde be eieae`z.
CHFUTE 4 ! EMT@EO SMIUE EIEAE@_Z
_be DJVZ hz be Duofeeo Jkz kc Vktl Zjbeouieo. ]uhe ihetmiix) h te~teze`z be duofez kc be mjhshhez bm mte~im``eo kt zjbeouieo k de jka~ieeo. H` be ohzjuzzhk` kc bkv k m~~ix Emt`eo Smiue) ve zbmii zee bkv bhz hz oeseik~eom`o vbx be DJVZ jutse bmz be tmohhk`mi Z!jutse zbm~e._be MJV^ hz be Mjumi Jkz kc Vktl ^etcktaeo. Mfmh`) }uhe ihetmiix) h te~teze`z be mjumi jkz jbmtfeo mfmh`z bemjhshhez bm vete jka~ieeo. Imet ve zbmii zee bkv ve oemi vhb mjhshhez bm mte h` ~tkftezz du `k xe jka~ieeo.
                                                                                                                                                                J                                                                                                                                                                     K                                                                                                                                                                     Z                                                                                                                                                                    _                                                                                                                                                               "                                                                                                                                                                                                             V                                                                                                                                                               B                                                                                                                                                               (                                              
_HAE
JZ_C=[2.OVF
HZ _BHZ M@X FKKO;
^IM@@EO JKZ_JKZ_ _K OM_E
                                                                                                                                                                J                                                                                                                                                                     K                                                                                                                                                                     Z                                                                                                                                                                    _                                                                                                                                                              "                                                                                                                                                                                                             V                                                                                                                                                               B                                                                                                                                                               (                                              
_HAEOM_M OM_E^TKGEJ_HK@ KC JKZ_SMTHM@JE M_ JKA^IE_HK@^TKGEJ_HK@ KCZJBEOUIE OEIMXM_ JKA^IE_HK@_K!OM_EZJBEOUIESMTHM@JE_K!OM_EJKZ_ SMTHM@JEMJV^DJV^DJVZCJZ_DMJEMJC_F_MTFE_ ZJBEOUIEJUTTE@_ ZJBEOUIEC_FEMJDMJCJZ_MJV^DJV^DJVZIEFE@O
1 DUOFE_EO JKZ_ KC VKTL ZJBEOUIEO1 DUOFE_EO JKZ_ KC VKTL ^ETCKTAEO1 MJ_UMI JKZ_ KC VKTL ^ETCKTAEO1 CKTEJMZ_ KC TEAMH@H@F VKTL1 DUOFE_ M_ JKA^IE_HK@1 EZ_HAM_E M_ JKA^IE_HK@1 EZ_HAM_E _K FK
JZ_C=[2.OVF
^ETCKTAM@JE AEMZUTEAE@_ OM_M EIEAE@_Z
 
_be DJV^ hz be Duofeeo Jkz kc Vktl ^etcktaeo. _bhz hz be tmohhk`mi Emt`eo Smiue bm ve z~eml kc. H te~teze`z be~im``eo kt zjbeouie jkz kc be mjhshhez bm mte jka~ieeo. _be ohzh`jhk` devee` be DJVZ m`o be DJV^ hz bm becktaet te~teze`z be duofe kc be mjhshhez bm vete ~im`eo k dejka~ieeo m`o be imet te~teze`z be duofe kc bemjhshhez bm mjumiix vete jka~ieeo._beze mte be btee amgkt jka~k`e`z kc Emt`eo Smiue. M m`x ~kh` h` hae) ve bmse be ~im``eo vktl) be mjumi vktl m`obe jkz kc be mjumi vktl. _bhz miikvz uz k amle be cuii m`mixzhz kc kut ~tkgej ~tkftezz m`o ~etcktam`je. Zkae kc bekbet) teimeo etaz zbkv` h` Chfute 4) h`jiuoe be Duofe M Jka~iehk` "DMJ() be Ezhame M Jka~iehk` "EMJ() beZjbeouie Smthm`je "ZS( m`o be Jkz Smthm`je "JS(. Ve vhii iemt` akte mdku beze h` be ohzjuzzhk` k` bkv k m~~ixEmt`eo Smiue.
Vbx Uze Emt`eo Smiue;
Deckte ve jk`zhoet be aejbm`hjz kc Emt`eo Smiue) ie uz ermah`e be temzk`z ckt uzh`f h. Mcet mii) h okez jkz zkaebh`fk ~u h h`k k~etmhk`. M`o) k ok h thfb) h te}uhtez zkae ecckt k` be ~mt kc be ~tkgej ema. Hc ve teshev be ohzjuzzhk`mdkse k` vbm Emt`eo Smiue hz) ve bmse be amh` temzk`z ckt uzh`f h. Tejmii bm Emt`eo Smiue hz m u`hckta u`h kc aemzute) m jk`zhze` aebkokikfx m`o m dmzhz ckt jkz ~etcktam`je m`mixzhz.Xku ahfb mzl ’Vbm‘z zk ftem mdku m u`hckta u`h kc aemzute;‑ Zu~~kze bm xku mte be ~tkgej am`mfet kc m zkcvmteoeseik~ae` ~tkgej. Xku‘te ~mt vmx btkufb xkut ~tkgej m`o xku vk`oet bkv bh`fz mte. Chtz) xku vm` k l`kv vbm~et je` jka~iee be ~tkgej hz. M m zuaamtx iesei) ie‘z zmx bm be ~tkgej h`jiuoez jk`je~umi oezhf`) ~tkftmaz~ejhchjmhk`) jkoh`f) okjuae`mhk`) uzet am`umi ~tkoujhk`) m`o oeduffh`f. Cutbet) ie‘z zmx bm jk`je~umi oezhf` m`o~tkftma z~ejhchjmhk` mte jka~iee) jkoh`f m`o okjuae`mhk` mte h` ~tkjezz) am`umi ~tkoujhk` m`o oeduffh`f bmse`‘zmteo xe. Zk) bkv jka~iee hz be ~tkgej; Ve‘se jka~ieeo vk ku kc zhr ~mtz m`o mte h` ~tkjezz vhb vk akte. Okezbm aem` ve mte 5>% jka~iee; Amxde) du) ve ok`‘ l`kv. Vbm hz emjb ~mt vktb; Okez vthh`f k`e ih`e kc ~tkftmaz~ejhchjmhk` e}umi k`e ih`e kc jkoe m`o bex) h` ut`) e}umi k`e ih`e h` be okjuae`mhk`; Bkv hz k`e k e}ume be smthkuz~mtz;@kv zu~~kze ve oeetah`e bm jk`je~umi oezhf` hz er~ejeo k mle 4>> vklbkutz) ~tkftma z~ejhchjmhk` vthh`f :>>bkutz) jkoh`f 3>> bkutz) okjuae`mhk` =>> bkutz) uzet am`umi ?>> bkutz m`o oeduffh`f 5>> bkutz. _beze imdkt ’duofez‑jm` emzhix de uzeo mz m vehfbh`f cmjkt h` ezmdihzbh`f be vktb kc be smthkuz ~mtz. _bm hz ermjix vbm Emt`eo Smiueokez. Zh`je jk`je~umi oezhf` m`o z~ej vthh`f mte ok`e) ve bmse ’emt`eo‑ 5>> bkutz kc smiue. Ckt be h`!~tkjezz mjhshhez)ve `eeo k oejhoe bkv ve vhii emt` be smiue. Akte k` emt`h`f tuiez imet. Ckt `kv ie‘z guz zmx ve mte k`e }umtet ok`evhb be jkoh`f m`o =>% vhb be okjuae`mhk`. Ve jkuio be` jimha =5> bkutz ckt be jkoh`f m`o => bkutz ckt beokjuae`mhk`. _be kmi emt`h`fz mte be` 33> bkutz. Zk) bkv jka~iee hz be ~tkgej; Uzh`f Emt`eo Smiue aebkokikfx)ve vkuio oeetah`e bm be ~tkgej hz :=.?% jka~iee "33> emt`eo bkutz ohshoeo dx 4=>> bkutz kc kmi ~tkgej duofe(.Emt`eo Smiue bmz miikveo uz k jkadh`e be ~tkftezz kc smzix ohccete` vktl eccktz. _be zmae bh`f vktlz vhb m`x lh`okc ~tkgej. Emt`eo Smiue iez uz jkadh`e judhj xmtoz kc jk`jtee vhb z}umte cee kc cktaz) k`z kc tedmt) cee kc ~h~e) cee kc jk`ouh m`o jmdih`f) ej. Hc ve‘te h` be dm`lh`f duzh`ezz) Emt`eo Smiue miikvz uz k jkadh`e ~tkouj oeseik~ae` vhbamtle tezemtjb) zxzeaz oezhf`) amtleh`f m`o ~tkouj h`tkoujhk`. H` Bkiixvkko) ve jm` jkadh`e vthh`f be zjtee`~imxvhb zjkuh`f ckt ikjmhk`z) ze ~tkoujhk`) chiah`f) eohh`f) m`o amtleh`f. Dx `kv xku ~tkdmdix fe be hoem bm Emt`eoSmiue jm` de ea~ikxeo vbe`eset xkut ~tkgej h`skisez oech`eo mzlz.Zk aujb ckt m u`hckta u`h kc aemzute. Vbm okez jk`zhze` aebkokikfx ok ckt ae; Teaeadet be dthjlimxetz m`ojmt~e`etz; Hc xku mzl be jmt~e`etz bkv bex mte okh`f) xku ahfb fe m` m`zvet zujb mz7 ’Ve‘te okh`f ch`e) ve‘semitemox uzeo bmic be iuadet xku ze` uz m be defh``h`f kc be ~tkgej. Ve‘ii bmse be tez uzeo u~ dx `er veel.‑ _bedthjlimxet ahfb zmx7 ’Ve‘te okh`f ftem. @h`ex ~et je` kc be duofeeo imdkt bkutz mte z~e`) beteckte ve‘te 8>%jka~iee.‑ Dkb ~mthez ahfb de jkttej) du vbm jm` xku mz be ~tkgej am`mfet ok vhb bm h`cktamhk`; Xku jm` ~mzz hmik`f) du jbm`jez mte bm xkut am`mfeae` hz `k h`etezeo h` be `hx fthx oemhiz) bex vm` zuaamtx h`cktamhk`.Uzh`f Emt`eo Smiue) be dthjlimxetz m`o be jmt~e`etz vkuio aemzute be kmi }um`hhez kc dthjlz m`o iuadet h`zmiieo m`ojka~mte bm mfmh`z be duofeeo }um`hhez k oeetah`e be ~et je` jka~iee. Zhahimtix) bex vkuio jka~mte be h`zmiieo}um`hhez mfmh`z be }um`hhez ~im``eo k de h`zmiieo u~ bhz ~kh` h` hae k oeetah`e hc bex mte mbemo kt debh`o zjbeouie.Xku jm` zee bm Emt`eo Smiue bmz ~tkshoeo m aebko bm dkb be dthjlimxetz m`o be jmt~e`etz jm` uze k te~kt ~tkftezz.@kv ie uz jk`zhoet be bhto temzk`. Uzh`f Emt`eo Smiue e`bm`jez be jkz ~etcktam`je m`mixzhz kc m ~tkgej. _tmohhk`mijkz m`mixzhz je`etz mtku`o be mjumi jkz kc be vktl bm vmz jka~ieeo. _beteckt) aujb ~tkftezz bmz dee` ok`e k

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