School of the AmericasUrban Guerrilla Manual
INTRODUCTION TO TERRORISM, ITS ORGANIZATIONS, OPERATIONS ANDDEVELOPMENT INTRODUCTIONMany legitimate causes have gone from being non-violent, legal processes, to violent actsof terrorism. The only essential ingredient is a leader who is well trained, dedicated andcharismatic to change the situation completely. Many patriotic people with goodintentions have been seduced by popular movements that soon have turned out to be theopposite thing of which in fact they wished. The later era to World War II produced agreat number of radical causes, political wars of liberation, and alliances, that as wellcreated a romantic attraction towards the revolutionary delinquents, treating them likechampions of the popular causes. Along with the romantics, the movements also attracteda great number of professional, avenging radicals, criminals and also subversive agents.The student revolts of the 60's and 70's, produced a great number of radicals and idealists,some of which remained in dissident movements and changed from one movement toanother. Others, who felt sympathy towards their movement were integrated into normallife, in their respective societies, where they worked until reaching superior positions of responsibility, or levels within the same government. Some of these people, in the present, form the base for the peripheral support of these terrorist organizations.France, Russia and Cuba demonstrate that terrorism is an important part in the beginningscertain movements. In many cases terrorist tactics were used to obtain arms, ammunitionand explosives. In most of these cases, like in the War of Vietnam, terrorism performanceis a vital part from the beginning.The terrorist infrastructure that harassed and terrified the population, in Vietnam, wassuccessful in separating the population of the government, and helped to destabilize the population. This was the powerful weapon of the insurgents. Unfortunately, in most of cases, the terror that reigned during the insurgency was replaced later by institutionalterror (terror by the government), creating more oppression than the one of the previousregime. Also it is worth mentioning that with few exceptions most of the terrorists wereeliminated of their position, once the insurrection was finalized. Terrorists such as Stalin,Lenin, Trotsky, Guevara, Marighella and others, left a violence legacy that, in the name of the masses, causes shaking to the world.The invention of international and transnational terrorism has resulted in numerousgroups of revenge and hatred, in countries of the third world, ideological mercenaries,that have lent their experience, knowledge, and armaments to their political andideological allies, anywhere in the world. Most of the terrorist organizations differ fromone other by ideology. In order to begin our study of international terrorism, first we mustexamine some of the factors that have contributed to the development of terrorism.