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Situated on the Indo-Nepal border in District Lakhimpur-Kheri of Uttar Pradesh, the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve with an area of 614-sq. km. is one of the finest of the few remaining examples of the exceedingly diverse and productive Terai Eco-systems.
The northern edge of the Reserve lies along the Indo-Nepal border and the River Suheli marks the southern boundary. It is home to a large number of rare and endangered species, which include tiger, leopard, swamp deer, hispid hare, Bengal flovican, etc.
The Kishanpur Sanctuary located about 30 km. from Dudwa, is the other constituent of the Reserve. Spread over-about 200-sq. km., it lies on the banks of the River Sharda and is surrounded by sal forests of the adjoining reserved forests.
The grasslands of the Reserve is the habitat of the largest kind of Indian deer - the swamp deer or the 'barasingha', so called because of their magnificent antlers (bara- twelve; singha-antler). Decline in their habitats led to a drastic decline in numbers and a small area named Sonaripur Sanctuary was set aside in 1958 for the conservation of this rare species of deer.
Later, it was upgraded to cover an area of 212-sq. km. and was renamed the Dudwa Sanctuary. In 1977, the area was further extended to include over 614 sq. kms. And was declared a National Park. Eleven years later, in 1988, when Dudhwa became a part of Project Tiger, the area of the Kishanpur Sanctuary was added to create the Dudwa Tiger Reserve. About 1800 barasingha are to be found in the Reserve and majestic herds are especially seen in the grassy wetlands of the Stamina and Kakmha blocks.
Dudwa has also the ideal kind of terrain for the Indian Rhino. Once found here in large numbers, they had been hunted down and had completely disappeared from this area by 1878. More lately, it was feared that epidemics and disease would wipe out the existing populations of rhino in Assam, West Bengal and Nepal and a decision was taken to distribute some in other suitable areas.
In an exciting experiment, one male and five female rhinos were relocated here from Assam and Nepal, in 1985. Now well settled in Dudwa, their numbers have increased. At present, tourists are not allowed in the rhino area.
The Reserve has also a fair density of tigers. Standing as it does at the top of the food chain, the tiger can only be protected by the total conservation of its natural environment and the Project Tiger has reinforced this at Dudwa. Despite its numbers, sightings of the tiger are rare, due to the dense nature of the forest cover.
Dudwa did have a large herd of elephants during the 1960's and 70's - a herd of about 30 animals that migrated here after the destruction of their habitat in Nepal. They have returned since to a little sanctuary across the border in Nepal. The Reserve, however, does have arranged of fascinating wildlife. Included in their number are sloth bear, ratel, civet, jackal, the lesser cats like the leopard cat, fishing cat and jungle cat; varieties of deer - the beautiful spotted deer or chital, hog deer and barking deer.
The hispid hare, a dark brown animal with bristly fur - last seen in the area in 1951 and believed to have become extinct, was rediscovered in 1984 to the great interest of conservationists. The short -nosed crocodile - the 'mugger' and otters can be seen along the riverbanks as weII as pythons and monitor lizards.
Bird watchers' haven, Dudhwa is noted for its avian variety - about 400 species. Its swamps and several lakes attract varieties of waterfowl. Being close to the Himalayan foothills, Dudhwa also gets its regular winter visitors - the migratory water birds. The Banke Tal is perhaps the most popular spot for bird watchers. There are egrets, cormorants, herons and several species of duck, geese and teal.
Noted for the variety of storks that make their home here, Dudhwa has the 'sarus', the crane - elegant in its gray and red livery, black necked storks, white necked storks, painted storks, open billed storks and adjutant storks. Raptors like the gray headed fishing eagle, PaIlas fishing eagle and marsh harriers can be seen circling over the lakes in search of prey - creating pandemonium among the waterfowl as they swoop low.
Extraordinary ranges of owls are also to be found at the Reserve. These include the great Indian horned owl, the brown Fish owl, the dusky horned owl, scops owl, jungle ow2et, the brown wood owl, and tawny fish owl. Colorful birds - varieties of woodpeckers, barbets, minuets, bulbuls, kingfishers, bee-eaters, orioles, drongos and hornbills are all part of its rich bird life.
rhesus monkey, langur, crocodile, jackal, leopard etc. Resident birds include hornbills, jungle fowl, peafowl, partridges, woodpeckers, thrushes, orioles, bee-eaters, baya, minuets, roller, drongos, bulbuls, etc. Rivers, nalas and ponds, which comprise roughly 2% of the Reserve area, attract birds like clucks, geese, cormorants, ibis, herons, storks, kites, fishing eagles, etc.
Area: 614 sq. km.
Year of Establishment: 1977
Location: Along the Indo-Nepal border in the Lakhimpur-Kheri District of Uttar Pradesh.
Headquarters: Lakhimpur (Kheri), UP, India
Altitude: 150-183 meters Nearest Town: Palia (10 km.) Nearest petrol pump! Hospital /
Dudwa (107 km.).
From Lucknow: Lucknow-Sitapur-Lakhimpur- Mailani - Palia - Dudwa (260 km., N.E.R.)
Or Lucknow- Bareilly (N.R.)-Pilibhit- Mailani-Palia-Dudwa (400 km., N.E.R.)
A number of middle range private hotels are available at the nearest town, Palia (10 km). They include: Hotel Sarda, Hotel Rain Basera, Bharat Lodge, Hotel MOR, Hotel Mahendra, Hotel Basera, etc. Palia also provides for good eating facilities.
To avoid inconvenience it is advisable to inform the Park Officer or caterer immediately on arrival about meal requirements. At the other Forest Rest Houses only crockery and utensils for cooking are available.
Dudwa and Bankati Forest Rest Houses are electrified. Generators are available at Sathiana, Sonaripur, and Belrayan on payment basis for limited hours. No such facility is available at the Kila Forest Rest House.
can also be visited. The only one of its kind in India, it was built by the former Maharajas of the Oyal state (Dist. Lakhimpur-Kheri), Dedicated to Lord Shiva, the stone temple is built on a base in the shape of a large frog. The temple lies at Oyal village, 10 km. from Hargaon on the route to Lakhimpur-Kheri and Dudwa.
State; this is one of the famous palaces of the Terai area. Not far from Dudwa Tiger Reserve on the Lakhimpur - Nighasan - Dudwa route, the palace is set in a green, nine- acre retreat. Expanses of lush lawns, fountains, a swimming pool and interesting architectural details make a visit worthwhile. The palace can be visited with due permission from the Manager.
In Karnataka, the two attractive wildlife parks of Nagarhole and Bandipur, though separate entities, are part of a larger contiguous wildlife reserve that includes the Mudumalai Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu and the Wynad Reserve in Kerala. Both the parks are easily accessible from Mysore.
The 874.20 sq. km. Bandipur National Park, which is also a Tiger Reserve, with its open grassy woodland, lies to the south of the Kabini River while Nagarhole, 643.39 so. Km. in area, to the north of the river, has taller and denser forests.
A dam on the Kabini and its picturesque reservoir separate the two parks. In the dense moist deciduous forests of this area the upper canopy reaches heights of 30m and valuable hardwoods like teak and rosewood are also to be found here.
Bandipur, lying in the shadow of the Western Ghats, is one of the inset habitats of the Asian elephant. Drained by the Moyar River, its open forest makes it easy for visitors to see the elephant and gaur in natural surroundings.
Best Time to Visit: March-August
Accommodation: Forest Lodges, Cottages, and Forest Rest Houses
Nearest town: Gundulpet (20km)
Once part of the old Rewa State, Bandhavgarh National Park is set amidst the Vindhya ranges with a series of ridges running through it. Initially this park was the royal hunting ground for the rulers of Rewa. But in 1968 it was declared a park with an area of only
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