DETERMINATION OF PERCENT COMPOSITION IN HYDRATE COMPOUNDS
To observe the thermal decomposition of unknown hydrate and to calculate the mol of water in barium chloride hydrate using percent composition concept and the atomic mass.
LIST OF APPARATUS AND CHEMICALS:
Crucible and lid, clay triangle, tripod stand, Bunsen Burner, crucible tongs and white tile6M HNO
, 1 M HCL, Barium Chloride hydrate (BaCl
O), compound A.
A crucible and lid were obtained, then cleaned and checked for any stress cracks,fractures, or fissures before used.
An initial mass of the crucible and lid was recorded.
The crucible was heated gently with an intense flame for 5 minutes before heating. Thenthe heating was continued for 2 to 3 minutes with an intense flame until the bottom of the crucible became red. The crucible was allowed to cool on the clay triangle beforeproceed the experiment.
The mass of the “fired” cool crucible and lid was recorded. Step 2 was repeated until getmass readings of two crucible and two lid that differ by no more than 10 mg or 0.010g.
1.5 and 2.0 grams of hydrated salt was added into the crucible and the combined massof crucible,lid and salt, was measured and recorded.