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chm2

chm2

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Published by: Michelle Murdoc Muhsain on Jul 19, 2011
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07/09/2012

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UITM PERLIS
 Title of experiment: DETERMINATION OF PERCENTCOMPOSITION IN HYDRATE COMPOUNDSName: NUR HANIDA BT ABDUL HALIMStudent no.: 2011416536Group: ATD1DmDate of experiment: 20 JUNE 2011
 
TITLE:
DETERMINATION OF PERCENT COMPOSITION IN HYDRATE COMPOUNDS
OBJECTIVE:
To observe the thermal decomposition of unknown hydrate and to calculate the mol of water in barium chloride hydrate using percent composition concept and the atomic mass.
LIST OF APPARATUS AND CHEMICALS:
Crucible and lid, clay triangle, tripod stand, Bunsen Burner, crucible tongs and white tile6M HNO
3
, 1 M HCL, Barium Chloride hydrate (BaCl
2
.xH
2
O), compound A.
PROCEDURE:
1)
A crucible and lid were obtained, then cleaned and checked for any stress cracks,fractures, or fissures before used.
2)
An initial mass of the crucible and lid was recorded.
3)
The crucible was heated gently with an intense flame for 5 minutes before heating. Thenthe heating was continued for 2 to 3 minutes with an intense flame until the bottom of the crucible became red. The crucible was allowed to cool on the clay triangle beforeproceed the experiment.
4)
The mass of the “fired” cool crucible and lid was recorded. Step 2 was repeated until getmass readings of two crucible and two lid that differ by no more than 10 mg or 0.010g.
5)
1.5 and 2.0 grams of hydrated salt was added into the crucible and the combined massof crucible,lid and salt, was measured and recorded.
 
6)
The crucible was placed with the sample of the clay triangle and lid was removed toallow the evolving water molecules to escape during heating.
7)
The sample was heated slowly and gradually by intensifying the heat. Then the samplewas heated drastically at a high temperature for 10 minutes. The crucible was coveredonce the heat was removed and allowed cooling at room temperature in dessicaator.The mass of the crucible, lid and anhydrous salt was recorded by using the samebalance as used earlier.
8)
The sample was heated for an additional 2 minutes with medium/high heat. Thecombined mass of the crucible, lid and anhydrous salt was weighted and continuedrepeating this process until two concurrent reading within 10 mg of each other wereobtained.
9)
This procedure was repeated and applied for a new sample of the original hydrated salt.
DATA/RESULTS AND CALCULATION:
a)
Determination of percent water in barium chloride hydrate (BaCl
2
.xH
2
O)Data table:Mass of empty crucible + lid ( before heating)Mass of empty crucible + lid ( after heating 5minutes )AVERAGEMass of compound+crucible+lid before heatingMass of compound+crucible+lid after heatingi)After heated 10 minutesii)After heated 2-3 minutesiii)After heated 2-3 minutesAVERAGE
Determine:
1)
Mass of BaCl
2
.xH
2
O

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