Technical Report Documentation Page
1. Report No. FHWA NHI 01-001HEC-182. Government Accession No.
3. Recipient's Catalog No.4. Title and SubtitleEVALUATING SCOUR AT BRIDGESFourth Edition
5. Report DateMay 20016. Performing Organization Code7. Author(s)E.V. Richardson and S.R. Davis
8. Performing Organization Report No.
9. Performing Organization Name and AddressAyres Associates3665 JFK ParkwayBuilding 2, Suite 200Fort Collins, Colorado 80525
10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)11. Contract or Grant No.DTFH61-00-T-2506012. Sponsoring Agency Name and AddressOffice of Bridge Technology National Highway InstituteFHWA, Room 3203 4600 North Fairfax Dr., Suite 800400 Seventh Street, SW Arlington, Virginia 22203Washington, D.C. 20590
13. Type of Report and Period Covered14. Sponsoring Agency Code
15. Supplementary NotesProject Manager: Mr. Jorge E. Pagán-OrtizTechnical Assistants: Larry Arneson, J. Sterling Jones, Joseph Krolak, Jorge E. Pagán-Ortiz, Philip Thompson, FHWA;A. Firenzi, P.F. Lagasse, Johnny L. Morris, Arlo Waddoups, L.W. Zevenbergen, Ayres Associates6. This document is the fourth edition of HEC-18. It presents the state of knowledge and practice for the design, evaluation andinspection of bridges for scour. There are two companion documents, HEC-20 entitled "Stream Stability at Highway Structures,"and HEC-23 entitled "Bridge Scour and Stream Instability Countermeasures." These three documents contain updated materialfrom previous editions and the publication, "Interim Procedures for Evaluating Scour at Bridges," issued in September 1988 aspart of the FHWA Technical Advisory T 5140.20, "Scour at Bridges." T5140.20 has since been superseded by T 5140.23,"Evaluating Scour at Bridges" dated October 28, 1991. This fourth edition of HEC-18 contains revisions obtained from furtherscour-related developments and the use of the 1995 edition by the highway community.The major changes in this fourth edition of HEC-18 are: change in nomenclature to using General Scour to include bothcontraction scour and other general scour components, changing the order of Chapters 2 and 3 so that the policy chapterentitled "Designing Bridges to Resist Scour" comes before the chapter entitled "Basic Concepts and Definitions of Scour;" andseparating Chapter 4 into separate chapters dealing with each of the major scour components. In addition, a new K
, to accountfor coarse bed material in the pier scour equation, improved methods to compute scour for complex pier configurations,example problems, and additional information on computer programs for modeling tidal hydraulics are given. There is nochange in the recommendations regarding abutment scour.In addition to minor editorial revisions, the following substantive changes have been made in this revised edition of HEC-18:revised definition of grain roughness k
, (p. xii); changed guidance on determining the magnitude of the 500-year flood (p. 2.9).Note 3 definition of K
factor corrected (p. 6.5); revised guidance on minimum value of K
factor (p. 6.6); revised definition ofgrain roughness k
(p. 6.13); and corrected multiplier for kinematic viscosity in Appendix A (Table A.7).
17. Key Wordsscour design, contraction scour, local scour, pier scour,abutment scour, scour susceptible, scour critical, clear-waterscour, live-bed scour, superflood, bridge inspection,countermeasures, tidal scour
18. Distribution StatementThis document is available to the public through the NationalTechnical Information Service,Springfield, VA 22161 (703) 487-4650
19. Security Classif. (of this report)Unclassified
20. Security Classif. (of this page)Unclassified
21. No. of Pages378
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