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Solved Problems of Jackson's Electrodynamics 01

Solved Problems of Jackson's Electrodynamics 01

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Solutions to Problems in Jackson,
Classical Electrodynamics
, Third Edition
Homer ReidDecember 8, 1999
Chapter 2
Problem 2.1
A point charge
q
is brought to a position a distance
d
away from aninfinite plane conductor held at zero potential. Using the methodof images, find:
(a)
the surface-charge density induced on the plane, and plot it;
(b)
the force between the plane and the charge by using Coulomb’slaw for the force between the charge and its image;
(c)
the total force acting on the plane by integrating
σ
2
/
2
0
overthe whole plane;
(d)
the work necessary to remove the charge
q
from its position toinfinity;
(e)
the potential energy between the charge
q
and its image (com-pare the answer to part d and discuss).
(f)
Find the answer to part d in electron volts for an electronoriginally one angstrom from the surface.
(a)
We’ll take
d
to be in the
z
direction, so the charge
q
is at (
x,y,z
) = (0
,
0
,d
).The image charge is
q
at (0
,
0
,
d
). The potential at a point
r
isΦ(
r
) =
q
4
π
0
1
|
r
d
k
|
1
|
r
+
d
k
|
The surface charge induced on the plane is found by differentiating this:1
 
Homer Reid’s Solutions to Jackson Problems: Chapter 2 
2
σ
=
0
d
Φ
dz
z
=0
=
q
4
π
(
z
d
)
|
r
+
d
k
|
3
+(
z
+
d
)
|
r
+
d
k
|
3
z
=0
=
qd
2
π
(
x
2
+
y
2
+
d
2
)
3
/
2
(1)We can check this by integrating this over the entire
xy
plane and verifyingthat the total charge is just the value
q
of the image charge:
 
−∞
 
−∞
σ
(
x,y
)
dxdy
=
qd
2
π
 
0
 
2
π
0
rdψdr
(
r
2
+
d
2
)
3
/
2
=
qd
 
0
rdr
(
r
2
+
d
2
)
3
/
2
=
qd
2
 
d
2
u
3
/
2
du
=
qd
2
2
u
1
/
2
d
2
=
q
(b)
The point of this problem is that, for points above the
z
axis, it doesn’tmatter whether there is a charge
q
at (0
,
0
,d
) or an infinite grounded sheetat
z
= 0. Physics above the
z
axis is exactly the same whether we have thecharge or the sheet. In particular, the force on the original charge is the samewhether we have the charge or the sheet. That means that, if we assume thesheet is present instead of the charge, it will feel a reaction force equal to whatthe image charge would feel if it were present instead of the sheet. The forceon the image charge would be just
=
q
2
/
16
π
0
d
2
, so this must be what thesheet feels.
(c)
Total force on sheet=12
0
 
0
 
2
π
0
σ
2
dA
=
q
2
d
2
4
π
0
 
0
rdr
(
r
2
+
d
2
)
3
=
q
2
d
2
8
π
0
 
d
2
u
3
du
=
q
2
d
2
8
π
0
12
u
2
d
2
=
q
2
d
2
8
π
0
12
d
4
 
Homer Reid’s Solutions to Jackson Problems: Chapter 2 
3=
q
2
16
π
0
d
2
in accordance with the discussion and result of part b.
(d)
Work required to remove charge to infinity=
q
2
4
π
0
 
d
dz
(
z
+
d
)
2
=
q
2
4
π
0
 
2
d
u
2
du
=
q
2
4
π
0
12
d
=
q
2
8
π
0
d
(e)
Potential energy between charge and its image=
q
2
8
π
0
d
equal to the result in part d.
(f)
q
2
8
π
0
d
=(1
.
6
·
10
19
coulombs)
2
8
π
(8
.
85
·
10
12
coulombsV
1
m
1
)(10
10
m)= 7
.
2
·
(1
.
6
·
10
19
coulombs
·
1V)= 7
.
2 eV
.
Problem 2.2
Using the method of images, discuss the problem of a point charge
q
inside
a hollow, grounded, conducting sphere of inner radius
a
.Find
(a)
the potential inside the sphere;
(b)
the induced surface-charge density;
(c)
the magnitude and direction of the force acting on
q
.
(d)
Is there any change in the solution if the sphere is kept at afixed potential
? If the sphere has a total charge
Q
on itsinner and outer surfaces?

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