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Table Of Contents

Business Environment
Economic Systems
1) The Free Market Economies 2) Command Economies 3) Mixed Economies
Economic Conditions in the Market
Demand Factors Supply Factors
Aug 2008
Mixed Economy - a mixed economy as it prevails in India
1.Private and state ownership of the means of production
2.Decisive Role of Market Mechanism with supportive role of planning
3.Intervention Role of the State
4.Public Sector Activities guided by Social Benefit
5.The Supportive role of economic planning
Appraisal of a Mixed Economy
1.Less Firm
2.Concentration of Economic Power
3.Inefficient public sector
4.Sliding back to Capitalism
Conclusion
Aug 08 – Saturday
Journey of India’s Industrial Policy from 1948 – 1991
Introduction
Industrial Policy of Sep 1956
Division of Industries
Industries (Development and Regulation) Act of 1961
The Industrial Policy Resolution of July 1991
Sep 08
Monetary Policy
Meaning
Importance of monetary policy
Instruments of monetary Policy
Instruments of Monetary Policy
The General Instruments
2 – Open Market Operations
3 – Variable Reserve Ratio
Statutory Liquidity Ratio
5 – Repo Rate
Selective Instruments of Credit Control
trade Policy
Dimensions of Trade policy
1.Quota
2.Health Restrictions
3.Social restrictions
4.Import Licensing
5.Exchange Control
6.Carrier requirements
Arguments made in support of the policy of Free Trade
1.Maximum Output of all countries of all goods
2.Highest Remuneration to the factors
3.Maximum benefit to the consumer
4.Advantages of competition
5.Economies of Scale
6.Helpful to the developing countries
7.Cordial international political relations
Arguments against the policy of free trade
1.Harmful to the developing countries
2.Excessive dependence – Undesirable and risky
3.Possibility of non priority imports
4.Possibility of cut throat competition
5.Beneficial, if followed uniformly by all countries
Arguments made in support of the policy of protection
Economic Arguments
1.The infant industry argument
2.Diversification Argument
4.Expediting recovery
5.Promoting Employment
6.Balance of Payments Arguments
7.Retaliation Argument
8.Pauper Labour Argument
9. The key industries argument
Non Economic Arguments
2.The Preservation Argument
Arguments against Protection
1.Burden on the consumer
2.Misuse of protection
3.Possibility of retaliation
Multinational Corporations
Explain the effects of MNS from the point of view of the developting countries
1. Raising the level of investment
2. Carrying modern Technologies to developing economies
3. Balancing the Balance of Payments
4. Work discipline
5. Catalytic Agent
6. Benefits to consumers
Harmful Effects of MNCs on developing countries
1.Disturbing the plan priorities
2 .Inappropriate technology
3. Excessive profits
4.Discrimination in staff
5.Over exploitation of resources
6.Indifference to social cost
7.Political pressure
The dimensions of political environment
1. The nature of the polity
2. The nature of the constitution of the country
29 Sep 2008
3. The Political System
4. The political awareness of the people and the govt
5.The laws passed by the govt
Oct 08
Responsibilities of business towards the government
1.To obey Laws
3.Providing Money and Credit
4.Building Infrastructure
5.Basic Research
6.Providing information
7.Controlling the growth of monopolies and preserving competition
8.Reservation of fields of production
9.Awarding patent rights and copy rights
10.Protections
Budget
Importance of the budget
Parts of the Budget
Receipts
1.Revenue Receipts
2.Capital Receipts
Expenditure
1.Revenue Expenditure
2.Capital expenditure
Types of Budget Deficits
1.Revenue Deficit
2.Budget Deficits
4.Primary Deficit
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Published by Priti Sharma

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Published by: Priti Sharma on Jul 20, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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