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Table Of Contents

1.1 Where, how and when to sample
1.2 The number of samples required to produce a soil map
2.1.1 The relationship between field texture and particle size
2.1.2 Field texture and estimated clay content
2.1.3 Particle sizes for the Unified Soil Classification System
2.2.2 Typical values of water-holding capacity
2.2.3 Moisture balance calculations
2.2.4 Key references
2.3 Hydraulic conductivity (K)
2.3.1 Definition and units
2.3.2 Methods of measurement
2.3.3 Typical values of hydraulic conductivity
2.3.5 Unsaturated hydraulic conductivity
2.3.6 Hydraulic conductivities of common regolith and rock materials
2.3.7 Key references
2.4 Bulk density and air porosity
2.4.1 Bulk density
2.4.2 Total porosity and typical values of bulk density
2.4.3 Limiting values of bulk density
2.4.4 Air porosity
2.5.4 Other measurements of soil strength
2.6.3 Implications of aggregate stability ratings for agriculture
2.6.4 Tunnelling susceptibility
2.6.5 Exchangeable sodium percentage (ESP)
2.6.6 Water stable aggregates/wet sieving
2.6.7 Field indicators of soil structure decline
2.6.8 Organic binding agents in soils
3.1 Unified soil classification system (USCS)
3.1.2 Summary of field identification tests
Fig. 3.1.Summary of field identification tests
3.3.1 General interpretations
3.3.2 Tunnelling susceptibility
3.4.1 Surface movement potential
3.4.2 Reactivity classification classes
3.4.5 Coefficient of linear extensibility (COLE)
3.5 Engineering interpretation of soil strength
3.5.2 Strength of cohesive soils
3.5.3 Strength of cohesionless soils
Soil erodibility and erosion hazard
4.1 Erosion types
4.2 Erosion hazard
4.2.1 Erosion hazard for water
4.2.2 Erosion hazard for wind
4.3 Soil erodibility for water erosion
4.3.1 Estimating general soil erodibility
4.3.2 Regolith erodibility for forestry
4.3.3 Rainfall erosivity
4.3.4 Erosion rates and soil depth
4.3.5 Key references
4.4 Soil erodibility for wind erosion
4.4.1 Soil erodibility ratings for wind
4.4.2 Wind erosion rates – soil flux and erosion loss
4.4.3 Key references
Soil chemical properties
5.1 Soil acidity
5.1.2 Measurement of pH
5.1.3 Aluminium toxicity
5.1.4 Manganese toxicity
5.1.5 Expected rates of acidification
5.1.6 Buffering capacity
5.1.7 Influence of soil pH (water) on nutrient availability
5.1.8 Key references
5.2 Exchangeable cations
5.2.1 Cation exchange capacity (CEC)
5.2.2 Exchangeable cations
5.2.3 Base saturation
5.2.4 Key references
5.3 Nitrogen (N) in soil
5.3.1 Nitrogen in soil
5.3.2 Total nitrogen
5.3.3 Carbon/nitrogen ratio (C/N)
5.3.5 Plant testing
5.3.6 Nitrate toxicity
5.3.7 Key references
5.4 Phosphorus (P) in soil
5.4.1 Phosphorus in soil
5.4.3 Phosphorus requirements based on Bray test
5.4.4 Phosphate sorption
5.4.5 Key references
5.5 Potassium (K) in soil
5.5.1 Non-exchangeable available potassium
5.5.2 Key references
5.6 Nutrient levels in plants
5.7 Organic matter content of soils
5.7.1 Organic matter
5.7.2 Estimating carbon densities for greenhouse sinks
5.7.3 Key references
5.8 Nutrients removed in farm products
5.8.1 Key references
5.9 Salinity
5.9.2 Conversion of EC 1:5 to ECe
5.9.3 Further conversions
5.9.4 Interpretation of test values for salinity
5.9.7 Composition of seawater
5.9.8 Relative dissolution rates of different minerals
5.9.9 Key references
5.10 Soil sodicity
5.10.1 Identifying sodic soils
5.10.2 Emerson aggregate class and sodicity
5.10.3 Dispersion, sodicity and salinity
5.10.4 Sodicity and pH
5.10.5 Key references
5.10.6 Further reading
5.11 Fertilisers and soil ameliorants
5.11.1 General fertilisers and ameliorants
5.11.2 Forms of gypsum
5.11.3 Liming materials
5.12 General fertility rating of soils in Australia
5.13 Acid sulfate soil
5.13.1 Composition of seawater and acid sulfate soils
5.13.2 Laboratory analyses
5.13.3 Field peroxide test
5.13.4 Interpreting values for acid sulfate soil tests
5.13.5 Key references
5.13.6 Further reading
Water analyses relevant to soils
6.1 Water quality properties relevant to soils
6.1.1 Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)
6.1.2 Dissolved oxygen (DO)
6.1.3 Total phosphate
6.1.4 Other tests for water quality
6.1.5 Key references
6.2 Wastewater for irrigation
6.2.1 General considerations
6.2.2 Sodium adsorption ratio
SAR, sodium adsorption ratio
6.2.3 Other factors
6.3 Application of biosolids to agricultural soils
6.3.1 General considerations
6.3.2 Key references
Heavy metal contaminants
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Levels of heavy metals
7.3 Key references
7.4 Further reading
Units and conversions
8.1 SI units
8.2 Other units and conversions
8.2.1 Relative amounts – proportions
8.2.2 Soil particle sizes and pore sizes
8.2.3 Bulk density – specific gravity – air porosity
8.2.4 Soil strength/pressure
8.2.5 Soil erodibility
8.2.6 Daily evaporation rates
8.2.7 Water-holding properties
8.2.8 Chemical concentrations (liquid)
8.2.9 Level of exchangeable cations – cation exchange capacity
8.2.10 Salinity
8.2.11 Fertiliser and lime rates
8.2.12 Acres and hectares
8.2.13 Yields of crops
General reading
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Interpreting Soil Test Results

Interpreting Soil Test Results

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Published by rganjvar

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Published by: rganjvar on Jul 21, 2011
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