Compressed natural gas vehicles require a greater amount of space for fuel storage than conventional gasolinepowered vehicles. Since it is a compressed gas, rather than a liquid like gasoline, CNG takes up more space for eachgasoline gallon equivalent(GGE). Therefore, the tanks used to store the CNG usually take up additional spacein the trunk of a car or bed of a pickup truck which runs on CNG. This problem is solved in factory-built CNG vehiclesthat install the tanks under the body of the vehicle, thanks to a more rational disposition of components, leaving thetrunk free (e.g.Fiat Multipla, NewFiat Panda,Volkswagen TouranEcofuel,Volkswagen CaddyEcofuel, Chevy Taxi
(sold in countries such as Peru)). Another option is installation on roof (typical on buses), requiring, however, solutionof structural strength issues. CNG-powered vehicles are considered to be safer than gasoline-powered vehicles.
Due to the absence of any lead or benzene content in CNG, the lead fouling of spark plugs is eliminated.CNG-powered vehicleshave lower maintenance costs when compared with other fuel-powered vehicles. CNG fuelsystems are sealed, which prevents any spill or evaporation losses. Another practical advantage observed is theincreased life of lubricating oils, as CNG does not contaminate and dilute the crankcase oil. CNG mixes easily andevenly in air being a gaseous fuel. CNG is less likely to auto-ignite on hot surfaces, since it has a high auto-ignitiontemperature (540 °C) and a narrow range (5%-15%) of flammability.
CNG emits significantly less pollutants such ascarbon dioxide(CO
) andparticulate matter (PM), compared to petrol. For example, an engine running on petrol for 100 km emits 22,000 grams of CO
, while covering the same distance onCNG emits only 16,275 grams of CO
. [CNG is essentially methane, i.e. CH4 with a calorific value of 900 Kj/mol. Thisburns with Oxygen to produce 1 mol of CO2 and 2 mol of H2O. By comparison, petrol can be regarded as essentiallyBenzene or similar, C6H6 with a calorific value of about 3,300 Kj/mol and this burns to produce 6 mol of CO2 and3 mol of H2O. From this it can be seen that per mol of CO2 produced, CNG releases over 1.6 times as much energyas that released from petrol (or for the same amount of energy, CNG produces nearly 40% less CO2).] Thecorresponding figures are 78 and 25.8 grams respectively, for nitrogen oxides. Carbon monoxide emissions arereduced even further. Due to lower carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides emissions, switching to CNG can helpmitigategreenhouse gas emissions.
The ability of CNG to reduce greenhouse gas emissions over the entire fuellifecycle will depend on the source of the natural gas and the fuel it is replacing. Thelifecyclegreenhouse gasemissions for CNG compressed from California¶s pipeline natural gas is given a value of 67.70 grams of CO
-equivalentper megajoule(gCO2e/MJ) by theCalifornia Air Resources Board(ARB), approximately 28% lower than
the average gasoline fuel in that market (95.86 gCO2e/MJ). CNG produced from landfill biogas was found by ARB tohave the lowest greenhouse gas emissions of any fuel analyzed, with a value of 11.26 gCO2e/MJ (over 88% lower than conventional gasoline) in thelow-carbon fuel standardthat went into effect on January 12, 2010.
ATaxicabinNew Delhi. A 1998 court order requires local buses and autos inDelhito run onCompressed Natural
Gas Pakistan currently has the highest number of vehicles running on CNG in the world followed by Argentina, Brazil andIran. Pakistan also has the highest number of CNG stations in the world numbering more than 2600. Majority of private vehicles have converted to CNG because of cheaper price as compared to petrol. Only luxury cars and officialvehicles now run on petrol. Recently, new CNG Buses had been introduced byCDGKin Karachi. Almost all car manufacturers in Pakistan (except Honda) now produce company fitted CNG kit versions. Recent hikes in CNG