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Renewable Energy Potential for India

Renewable Energy Potential for India

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Published by Ashish Rao Vujjini

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Published by: Ashish Rao Vujjini on Jul 21, 2011
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Overview of Sustainable Renewable Energy Potential of India
Prepared: October 2006Updated: January 2010Peter MeisenPresident, Global Energy Network Institute (GENI)www.geni.org  peter@geni.org(619)595-0139Eléonore QuéneudecResearch Associate, Global Energy Network Institute (GENI)Updated by Avinash H.N. and Palak TimbadiyaResearch Associates, Global Energy Network Institute (GENI)
Table of Contents
AbstractIntroductionI) General Information: Historic and current energy situation
Total energy and renewable energy consumption and production from 2000 to 2008 b)
Total electricity and renewable electricity installed capacity from 2000 to 2008c) Energy sources of power production in 2005d) Localization of the different kinds of plants and transmission linese) India Energy grid
II) Sources of available renewable energy in India
a) Hydro power  b) Solar Energyc) Wind Energyd) Biomass energy
III) Forecasts and predictions for the coming decades
a) The position of India in the world of potential renewable energy b) The electricity consumption forecasts for India as part of the emerging economiesc) The electricity generation capacity forecasts for India as part of the emerging economiesd) Projected energy consumption of India to 2030.
IV) Government commitment to renewable energy
a) Financing Sources and Incentives b) Environmental Legislation
Summary and Conclusion: Could India meet its energy needs with renewable energy?
How to protect the Indian PV Industry?Ways to ignite domestic market growthPolicy Recommendations
Emerging and developing countries have 80% of the world’s population but consume only 30%of global commercial energy. As energy consumption rises with increases in population andliving standards, the need to expand access to energy in new ways is growing as is the awarenessof the environmental costs. Increased recognition of the contribution that renewable energy (RE)can make to energy independence, climate change mitigation, rural development, improvedhealth and lower health costs (linked to air pollution), is shifting RE from the fringe to themainstream of sustainable development.
India has a vast supply of renewable energy resources, and it has one of the largest programs inthe world for deploying renewable energy products and systems. Indeed, it is the only countryin the world to have an exclusive ministry for renewable energy development, the Ministry of  Non-Conventional Energy Sources (MNES). Since its formation, the Ministry has launched oneof the world’s largest and most ambitious programs on renewable energy. Based on various promotional efforts put in place by MNES, significant progress is being made in power generation from renewable energy sources.India currently has 15,326 MW of installed renewable energy sources as of July 2009 withdistribution shown below.
India Energy Data, Statistics and Analysis - Oil, Gas, Electricity, Coal
The key drivers for renewable energy are the following:
The demand-supply gap, especially as population increases
A large untapped potential
Concern for the environment
The need to strengthen India’s energy security
Pressure on high-emission industry sectors from their shareholders
A viable solution for rural electrificationCoal is still the major source of electricity. Also, with a commitment to rural electrification, theMinistry of Power has accelerated the Rural Electrification Program with a target of 100,000villages by 2012.

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