methods for determining an approximate value of which is denoted by . This is achievedby evaluating the approximate values . Normally , is called the
, is called the
and are called thesteps. The approximate value is called the approximation of the function at the step.The method which uses to determine is called a
SINGLE STEP METHOD
. If the methoduses more than one value of is called a
.In the sequel, we deal with some simple single step methods to find the approximate value of thesolution of (). In these methods, our stress is on the use of computers for numerical evaluation.In other words, the implementation of the methods by using computers is one of our presentaims. Each method will be pictorially represented by what is called a flow chart. Flow chart is apictorial representation which shows the sequence of each step of the computation. Usually thedetails of both the input and the termination of the method is indicated in the flow chart. In short,a flow chart is a chart that shows the flow of the computation including the start and thetermination of the method.
For a small step size , the derivative is close enough to the ratio . Inthe Euler's method, such an approximation is attempted. To recall, we consider the problem ().Let be the step size and let with . Let be theapproximate value of at . We define
The method of determination of by () is called the E
. For convenience, the valueis denoted by , for .