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Programiranje1

Programiranje1

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Published by: KakanjOnline on Jul 22, 2011
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07/01/2014

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Programiranje I
Beleˇske za predavanja 
Smer
Informatika 
Matematcki fakultet, Beograd
Predrag Janiˇci´c i Filip Mari´c2010.
 
 
Sadrˇzaj
1.1 Rana istorija raˇcunarskih sistema. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111.2 Fon Nojmanova arhitektura raˇcunara. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131.3 Organizacija savremenih raˇcunara. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151.4 Oblasti savremenog raˇcunarstva. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
2.1 Analogni i digitalni podaci i digitalni raˇcunari. . . . . . . . . . . 192.2 Zapis brojeva. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212.2.1 Neoznaˇceni brojevi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222.2.2 Oznaˇceni brojevi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252.2.3 Razlomljeni brojevi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262.3 Zapis teksta. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262.4 Zapis multimedijalnih sadrˇzaja. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322.4.1 Zapis slika. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322.4.2 Zapis zvuka. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
3.1 Formalizacije pojma algoritma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373.2ˇCerˇc-Tjuringova teza. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 393.3
maˇsine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 393.4 Enumeracija
programa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433.5 Neizraˇcunljivost i neodluˇcivost. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 453.6 Vremenska i prostorna sloˇzenost izraˇcunavanja. . . . . . . . . . 47
4.1 Maˇsinski zavisni programski jezici. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 494.1.1 Asemblerski jezici. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 494.1.2 Maˇsinski jezik. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 504.2 Programski jezici viˇseg nivoa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 514.2.1 Leksika, sintaksa, semantika. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524.2.2 Pragmatika programskih jezika. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 544.2.3 Jeziˇcki procesori. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57

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