5.5 - Classification
- Outline the binomial system of nomenclature
In this system, each species has two names - a noun and an adjective. The first is the genus, which starts with an upper case letter, followed by the species written in lower case. i.e.
When such names are handwritten, they must be underlined, whilst typed names must be in
. If it is followed by a name in brackets, this is the name of the person who first scientifically identified the species
5.5.2 - List seven levels in the hierarchy of taxa - kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus and species - using an example from two different kingdoms for each level
Organisms that share characteristics are placed in similar groups. The groups become closer as the organisms become more similar. Using this system, organisms can be clearly identified without the confusion of local naming. Also, it shows the
between groups. Simply based on the name, we can predict anatomical, physiological and genetic characteristics it may share with other organisms.