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Water Data

Water Data

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Published by A S M Hefzul Kabir

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Published by: A S M Hefzul Kabir on Jul 22, 2011
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07/22/2011

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Water Data, UNESCO
Table 1. Periods of water resources renewal on the Earth
 Water of Hydrosphere Period of renewalWorld Ocean 2500 yearsGround water 1400 yearsPolar ice 9700 yearsMountain glaciers 1600 yearsGround ice of the permafrost zone 10000 yearsLakes 17 yearsBogs 5 yearsSoil moisture 1 yearsChannel network 16 daysAtmospheric moisture 8 daysBiological water several hours
 
Table 2. Renewable water resources and water availability by continents
 Continent Area,mln.km
2
 Population,mln.Water resources,km
3
 /yearPotential wateravailability,1000m
3
 /yearAverage Max Min Cv per 1km
2
 per capitaEurope 10.46 685 2900 3410 2254 0.08 277 4.23NorthAmerica24.3 453 7890 8917 6895 0.06 324 17.4Africa 30.1 708 4050 5082 3073 0.10 134 5.72Asia 43.5 3445 13510 15008 11800 0.06 311 3.92SouthAmerica17.9 315 12030 14350 10320 0.07 672 38.2Australia andOceania8.95 28.7 2404 2880 1891 0.10 269 83.7The World 135 5633 42785 44751 39775 0.02 317 7.60
Table 3. Streamflow distribution during a year for the continents (in % of the mean annual value) bythe data of SHI
 
Continent Meanannualwaterresources(local)months Yearkm
3
 /year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12Europe 2900 6.2 6.6 6.9 8.9 14.3 13.3 9.2 7.6 7.3 6.9 6.6 6.2 100NorthAmerica7870 4.7 4.9 5.0 7.0 11.6 15.2 12.6 9.9 9.6 8.6 5.9 5.0 100Africa 4047 8.4 7.5 7.0 7.1 7.5 6.6 6.1 6.1 8.0 10.6 12.7 12.4 100Asia 13510 5.1 4.1 4.7 5.1 8.8 13.7 14.9 13.8 11.2 7.2 6.8 4.6 100SouthAmerica12030 5.9 7 8.1 10 11.4 12.1 11.1 9.7 7.6 6 5.5 5.6 100Australia 2400 10.3 13.2 12.4 10.1 7.4 7.1 6.2 6.9 5.4 6.6 7.2 7.2 100World 42757 5.9 5.6 6.8 7.3 10.3 12.4 12.1 11.4 9.5 7.5 5.7 5.5 100
 
Table 4. Renewable water resources and potential water availability by natural - economicregions of the world
 
Numberof regionArea PopulationWater resources Potential wateravailability
Continent,regionmln.km
2
 in mln. Inflow Local Cv (in thou. m
3
 /year)1994 km
3
 /yearaverage min max per 1km
2
 percapita
Europe
 10.46684.7 2900 2454 3410 0.08 277 4.241 Northern 1.32 23.2 705 567 829 0.08 534 30.42 Central 1.86 293 6 617 356 857 0.21 333 2.123 Southern 1.79 188 109 546 372 828 0.18 335 3.194 North of theEuropeanpart of FSU2.71 28.5 27 589 450 714 0.1 222 21.15 South of theEuropeanpart of FSU2.78 152 123 443 275 629 0.18 181 3.32
NorthAmerica
 24.3 453 7890 6895 8917 0.06 325 17.46 Canada andAlaska13.6729 130 4980 4360 5830 0.06 369 1747 USA 7.84 261 70 1800 1004 2621 0.17 234 7.038 CentralAmerica andCaribbean2.74 163 2.5 1110 920 1340 0.1 406 6.82
Africa
 30.1 708 4050 3073 5082 0.1 135 5.729 Northern 8.78 157 140 41 19 96 0.34 12.6 0.7110 Southern 5.11 83.5 86 399 270 549 0.14 86.5 5.2911 East 5.17 193.5 26 749 504 940 0.11 147 3.9412 West 6.96 211.3 30 1088 581 1948 0.28 158 5.2213 Central 4.08 62.8 80 1770 1453 2263 0.09 444 28.8
Asia
 43.5 3445 13510 11800 15000 0.06 311 3.9214 North ChinaandMongolia8.29 482 1029 587 1735 0.23 124 2.1315 Southern 4.49 1214 300 1988 1535 2458 0.1 476 1.7616 Western 6.82 232 490 227 931 0.35 71.8 2.1117 South East 6.95 1404 120 6646 5342 7607 0.09 965 4.78

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