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Listening Theory[1]

Listening Theory[1]



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Published by koreangoldfish

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Published by: koreangoldfish on Sep 17, 2008
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Listening ComprehensionListening Comprehension
More theories and conceptsMore theories and concepts
Week 2, Wednesday, September 10Week 2, Wednesday, September 10
Traditional theories of listeningcomprehension
Bottom-up listening
Example: listening to directions from a friend on how to getto his/her house. This kind of listening comprehension isachieved by dividing and decoding the sounds - bit by bit.The ability to separate the
 stream of speech
into individualwords becomes more important here, if we are torecognise, for example, the name of a street or instructionson how to take a particular bus
ocabulary and other specific parts of speechis also very important for this kind of listening.
Top Down listening
Example: listening to a friend tell a story about a terriblevacation in Thailand during rainy season with a mutual friend.This kind of listening requires the use of backgroundknowledge in understanding the meaning of the message.Background knowledge consists of 
.Do you ever get your students to predict the content of a listening beforehand, maybe using information about the topic or situation, pictures, or key words? If so, you are helping themto develop their top-down processing skills.
Source: British Council
Traditional theories of listeningcomprehension

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