Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
8Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Questions

Questions

Ratings: (0)|Views: 691 |Likes:
Published by deepeshkanungo

More info:

Published by: deepeshkanungo on Jul 22, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/23/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 http://wirelessexam.com/umts-optimization-question-answer/http://www.allinterview.com/companyqa/Ericsson/page1.html http://www.allinterview.com/companyqa/Ericsson/page1.html http://www.pathloss40.co.cc/2011/01/umts-question-and-answer-part-5.html
 1. What are the optimization tools you use?
 Drive test, analysis, others?
2. Are System Information Blocks (SIB) transmitted all the time?
 No, system information block is multiplexed with synchronization channel. Synchronization channeloccupies the first time slot (TS) and SIB occupies the other 9 time slots.
3. How does UE camp (synchronize) to a NodeB?
 1. UE uses the primary synchronization channel (P-SCH) for slot alignment (TS synchronization).2. After aligning to NodeB time slot, UE then uses secondary synchronization channel (S-SCH) toobtain frame synchronization and scrambling code group identification.3. UE then uses scrambling code ID to obtain CPICH, thus camping to a NodeB.
4. What could be the cause of soft handover failure?
 
y
UE issue.
y
Resource unavailable at target NodeB.
y
Inadequate SHO threshold defined.
o
Etc.
5
. What are the three sets in handover?
 The 3 sets in handover are:
y
Active set ± the list of cells which are in soft handover with UE.
y
Monitored set ± the list of cells not in active set but RNC has told UE to monitor.
o
Detected set ± list of cells detected by the UE but not configured in the neighbor list.
6
. What are the major differences between GSM and UMTS handover decision?
 GSM:
y
Time-based mobile measures of RxLev and RxQual ± mobile sends measurement report every SACHperiod (480ms).
o
BSC instructs mobile to handover based on these reports.UMTS:
y
Event-triggered reporting ± UE sends a measurement report only on certain event ³triggers´.
o
UE plays more part in the handover decision.
 
7
. What are the events 1a, 1b, 1c, etc.?
 
y
e1a ± a Primary CPICH enters the reporting range, i.e. add a cell to active set.
y
e1b ± a primary CPICH leaves the reporting range, i.e. removed a cell from active set.
y
e1c ± a non-active primary CPICH becomes better than an active primary CPICH, i.e. replace a cell.
y
e1d: change of best cell.
y
e1e: a Primary CPICH becomes better than an absolute threshold.
o
e1f: a Primary CPICH becomes worse than an absolute threshold.
8
. What are event 2a-2d and 3a-3d?
 Events 2a-2d are for inter-frequency handover measurements and events 3a-3d are for IRAT handover measurements.
y
e3a: the UMTS cell quality has moved below a threshold and a GSM cell quality had moved above athreshold.
y
e3b: the GSM cell quality has moved below a threshold.
y
e3c: the GSM cell quality has moved above a threshold.
y
e3d: there was a change in the order of best GSM cell list.
9
. What may happen when there¶s a missing neighbor or an incorrect neighbor?
 
y
Access failure and handover failure: may attempt to access to a wrong scrambling code.
y
Dropped call: UE not aware of a strong scrambling code, strong interference.
y
Poor data throughput.
y
Poor voice quality.
y
Etc.
10. What can we try to improve when access failure is high?
 When access failure is high we can try the following to improve RACH performance:
y
Increase maximum UE transmit power allowed: Max_allowed_UL_TX_Power.
y
Increase power quickly: power_Offset_P0.
y
Increase number of preambles sent in a given preamble cycle: preamble_Retrans_Max.
y
Increase the number of preamble cycles: max_Preamble_Cycle.
y
Increase number of RRC Connection Request retries: N300.
11. What are the conditions you typically set to trigger IRAT handover?
 RSCP and Ec/Io are used to trigger IRAT handover:
y
RSCP ” -100dBm.
y
Ec/Io ” -16dBm.
12. What are the typical KPIs you use to measure a network and what criteria?
 
y
Access failure rate (” 2%).
y
Call setup time (CS: over 95% of the time < 6-second for mobile-to-PSTN, 9-second for mobile-mobile. PS: over 95% of the time < 5-second).
y
Dropped call rate (” 2%).
y
BLER: over 95% of the blocks ” 2%.
y
Average DL/UL throughput for PSD: 210kbps for loaded, 240kbps for unloaded.
13. What is the typical UE transmit power?
 Varies ± most of the time below 0dBm.
 
14. Have your used Ericsson TEMS? If so:
 
y
Do you know how to create command sequence?
y
What are the call sequences you typically have? CS long call, CS short call, PSD call, etc.
y
What are the typical commands you have for CS and PS call?
y
Do you regularly stop and restart a new log file? Why and when to stop and start a new file?
y
How do you stop a log file? Stop command sequence first, wait and make sure all equipment are in idlemode before stop logging.
1
5
. Did you work on neighbor prioritization?
 
1
6
. What is the typical event sequence of IRAT Handover from 3G to 2G
 
y
Event 2d ± entering into compressed mode ± measurement of 2G candidates ± Event 3a ± Verification of 2G resources ± Handover from UTRAN Command from 3G RNC to UE
1
7
. What are the possible causes for an IRAT Failure?
 
y
Missing 2G relations
y
Non availability of 2G Resources
y
Poor 2G Coverage
y
Missing 3G Relations
1
8
. What is Paging Success Ratio? What is the typical PSR that you have seen in a UMTSnetwork?
 
y
PSR ± Paging Responses to the Paging Attempts
y
About 90%
1
9
. What are the possible causes for a lower PSR?
 
y
Non-continuous RF Coverage ± UE going in and out of coverage area frequently
y
Very High µPeriodic Location Update Timer¶ ± Keeping UEs in VLR long time after it moved out of coverage
y
Lower Paging Channel Power 
y
Access Channel Parameter Issues
y
Delayed Location Update when crossing the LA / CN Boundaries
20. What are the possible causes for a Drop Call on a UMTS network?
 
y
Poor Coverage (DL / UL)
y
Pilot Pollution / Pilot Spillover 
y
Missing Neighbor 
y
SC Collisions
y
Delayed Handovers
y
No resource availability (Congestion) for Hand in
y
Loss of Synchronization
y
Fast Fading
y
Delayed IRAT Triggers
y
Hardware Issues
y
External Interference
21. A UE is served by 2 or 3 SC in AS. It is identifying a SC from 3
rd
tier, Stronger and meets thecriteria for Event1a or Event1c. But SHO did not happen because of missing neighbor relations?How do you optimize this issue?
 
y
Study the Pilot spillover from the 3
rd
Tier SC and control its coverage
y
Even after controlling the coverage, if the spillover is there, Add the neighbor.

Activity (8)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
mazs91 liked this
Bouziane Beldjilali added this note
why we can't download the files
Chin Kek Hong liked this
nupong liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->