Countering Bible Contradictions
, Michael J. Bumbulis, MaryAnna White, Russ Smith, andothers (1994-1995)
A word about the contributors. There were three of us:
Me -- Michael J. Bumbulis
Russ SmithI will list each claim of contradiction as found in the original list, and then offer the reply.The replies are referenced to the contributor. MaryAnna's replies are followed by "--MAW",and Russ Smith's replies are followed by "--RS". If no initials follow a reply, they are mine(Michael's). In addition, Phil Porvaznik will be --PP, and Apolonio Latar will be --AL.What follows is a reply to a list of 143 purported Bible contradictions, along with asuggestion for more contradictions not found in this list. You will find below the index to thecontradictions but first I want to discuss some possible objections as to how thecontradictions are being resolved.I feel the considerations in this document are important not only because they attempt torefute claims that the Bible is contradictory (a cause I have not been convinced is of utmostimportance), but also because they are intrinsically an interpretation of the teachings of theBible. In fact, many central components of Christianity are discussed with thought andinsight. Although there are trivial contradictions (
for example) many of thecontradictions explore, say, Biblical teachings about the nature or attributes of God, practicalguidelines for Christian living, among other things.In short, the attempts at resolutions of these contradictions cloak an effort to "mine"
from the Bible, an effort to interpret Biblical verses correctly. My hope is that this article willnot only help you to make conclusions about the Bible's inerrancy, but also encourage you todiscover what you consider to be valid and invalid Biblical interpretations.However, before we launch into the actual reply, there are several points worth mentioning.First, it would be prudent to speak of the burden of proof. It's a general rule in philosophythat she who proposes must explain and defend. If someone says that "X exists," the burden ison her to provide a case for the existence of X. The burden is not on the one who denies thatX exists. For how can one prove a negative?In this case, it is the critic who proposes. He claims that the Bible is "full of contradictions,"and often proposes a lengthy list such as the one we are about to respond to below. Now, asChristians, we cannot prove that something is NOT a contradiction (i.e., one cannot prove