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## Table Of Contents

Preliminary Results
1.1 Deﬁnitions of Stability and Linearized Stability
1.4 Global Attractivity of the Positive Equilibrium
1.5 Limiting Solutions
1.6 The Riccati Equation
1.7 Semicycle Analysis
2.1 Equilibrium Points
2.2 Stability of the Zero Equilibrium
2.3 Local Stability of the Positive Equilibrium
2.4. When is Every Solution Periodic with the Same Period? 33
2.4 When is Every Solution Periodic with the Same
2.5. Existence of Prime Period-Two Solutions 35
2.5 Existence of Prime Period-Two Solutions
2.6 Local Asymptotic Stability of a Two Cycle
C = 0
2.8 Invariant Intervals
2.9 Open Problems and Conjectures
(1,1)-Type Equations
3.1 Introduction
3.2 The Case α = γ = A = B = 0 : xn+1 = βxn
3.3 The Case α = β = A = C = 0 : xn+1 = γxn−1
3.4 Open Problems and Conjectures
(1,2)-Type Equations
4.1 Introduction
4.2 The Case β = γ = C = 0 : xn+1 = α
4.6 The Case α = β = C = 0 : xn+1 = γxn−1
4.7 The Case α = β = A = 0 : xn+1 = γxn−1
4.7.1 The Case p < 1
4.7.2 The Case p = 1
4.7.3 The Case p > 1
4.8 Open Problems and Conjectures
(2,1)-Type Equations
5.1 Introduction
5.3 The Case β = A = C = 0 : xn+1 = α+γxn−1
5.4 Open Problems and Conjectures
(2,2)-Type Equations
6.1 Introduction
6.3 The Case γ = B = 0 : xn+1 = α+βxn
6.4 The Case γ = A = 0 : xn+1 = α+βxn
6.4.1 Invariant Intervals
6.4.3 Global Stability and Boundedness
6.5 The Case β = C = 0 : xn+1 = α+γxn−1
6.5.1 Semicycle Analysis
6.5.2 The Case q < 1
6.5.3 The Case q > 1
6.6 The Case β = A = 0 : xn+1 = α+γxn−1
6.6.1 Existence and Local Stability of Period-Two Cycles
6.6.2 Invariant Intervals
6.6.3 Semicycle Analysis
6.6.4 Global Behavior of Solutions
6.7 The Case α = C = 0 : xn+1 = βxn+γxn−1
6.7.1 Invariant Intervals
6.7.2 Semicycle Analysis of Solutions When q ≤1
6.7.3 Semicycle Analysis and Global Attractivity When q = 1
6.7.4 Global Attractivity When q < 1
6.7.5 Long-term Behavior of Solutions When q > 1
6.8 The Case α = B = 0 : xn+1 = βxn+γxn−1
6.8.1 Invariant Intervals and Semicycle Analysis
6.8.2 Global Stability of the Positive Equilibrium
6.9 The Case α = A = 0 : xn+1 = βxn+γxn−1 Bxn+Cxn−1
6.9.1 Existence of a Two Cycle
6.9.2 Semicycle Analysis
6.9.3 Global Stability Analysis When p < q
6.9.4 Global Stability Analysis When p > q
6.10 Open Problems and Conjectures
(1,3)-Type Equations
7.1 Introduction
7.4 The Case α = β = 0 : xn+1 = γxn−1
7.5 Open Problems and Conjectures
(3,1)-Type Equations
8.1 Introduction
some Open Problems and Conjectures
8.2 Open Problems and Conjectures
9.2.3 Semicycle Analysis
9.2.4 Global Asymptotic Stability
9.3 The Case β = 0 : xn+1 = α+γxn−1
9.3.1 Existence and Local Stability of Period-Two Cycles
9.3.2 Invariant Intervals
9.3.3 Convergence of Solutions
9.3.4 Global Stability
9.4 The Case α = 0 : xn+1 = βxn+γxn−1
9.4.1 Invariant Intervals
9.4.2 Convergence of Solutions
9.5 Open Problems and Conjectures
(3,2)-Type Equations
10.1 Introduction
10.2 The Case C = 0 : xn+1 = α+βxn+γxn−1 A+Bxn
10.2.1 Proof of Part (b) of Theorem 10.2.1
10.2.2 Proof of Part (c) of Theorem 10.2.1
10.3 The Case B = 0 : xn+1 = α+βxn+γxn−1 A+Cxn−1
10.3.1 Invariant Intervals
10.3.2 Global Stability When p ≥ r
10.3.3 Convergence of Solutions
10.4 The Case A = 0 : xn+1 = α+βxn+γxn−1 Bxn+Cxn−1
10.4.1 Invariant Intervals
10.4.2 Convergence of Solutions
10.5 Open Problems and Conjectures
11.1 Linearized Stability Analysis
11.2 Invariant Intervals
11.3 Convergence Results
11.3.1 Global Stability
11.4 Open Problems and Conjectures
Bibliography
Index
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Dynamics of Second Order Rational Diff[1]

# Dynamics of Second Order Rational Diff[1]

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