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Trasmision Automatic A Buick-Oldmobile 4T65E

Trasmision Automatic A Buick-Oldmobile 4T65E

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Published by: 52600 on Jul 22, 2011
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4T65-E
     H     Y     D     R     A  -     M     A     T     I     C
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3HOW TO USE THIS BOOK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4UNDERSTANDING THE GRAPHICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6TRANSMISSION CUTAWAY VIEW (FOLDOUT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 GENERAL DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9A MAJOR MECHANICAL COMPONENTS (FOLDOUT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 RANGE REFERENCE CHART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 TORQUE CONVERTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 APPLY COMPONENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 PLANETARY GEAR SETS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45POWER FLOW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81LUBRICATION POINTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104THRUST WASHER LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105BUSHING LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106BEARING LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107LIP SEAL LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108SQUARE AND O-RING SEAL LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109GASKET LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110ILLUSTRATED PARTS LIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111BASIC SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122PRODUCT DESIGNATION SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123GLOSSARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124ABBREVIATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
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PREFACE
All information contained in this book is based on the latest data availableat the time of publication approval. The right is reserved to make productor publication changes, at any time, without notice.
No part of any GM Powertrain publication may be reproduced, storedin any retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means,including but not limited to electronic, mechanical, photocopying,recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Powertrain Group of General Motors Corporation. This includes alltext, illustrations, tables and charts.
©COPYRIGHT 1997 POWERTRAIN GROUPGeneral Motors CorporationALL RIGHTS RESERVED
The Hydra-matic 4T65-E Technician’s Guide is intended for automotivetechnicians that are familiar with the operation of an automatic transaxle ortransmission. Technicians or other persons not having automatic transaxleor transmission know-how may find this publication somewhat technicallycomplex if additional instruction is not provided. Since the intent of thisbook is to explain the fundamental mechanical, hydraulic and electricaloperating principles, technical terms used herein are specific to thetransmission industry. However, words commonly associated with thespecific transaxle or transmission function have been defined in a Glossaryrather than within the text of this book.The Hydra-matic 4T65-E Technician’s Guide is also intended to assisttechnicians during the service, diagnosis and repair of this transaxle.However, this book is not intended to be a substitute for other GeneralMotors service publications that are normally used on the job. Since thereis a wide range of repair procedures and technical specifications specific tocertain vehicles and transaxle models, the proper service publication mustbe referred to when servicing the Hydra-matic 4T65-E transaxle.
1
 
The Hydra-matic 4T65-E Technician
s Guide isanother Powertrain publication from the Technician
sGuide series of books. The purpose of thispublication, as is the case with other Technician
sGuides, is to provide complete information on thetheoretical operating characteristics of this transaxle.Operational theories of the mechanical, hydraulicand electrical components are presented in asequential and functional order to better explain theiroperation as part of the system.In the first section of this book entitled
Principlesof Operation
, exacting explanations of the majorcomponents and their functions are presented. Inevery situation possible, text describes componentoperation during the apply and release cycle as wellas situations where it has no effect at all. Thedescriptive text is then supported by numerousgraphic illustrations to further emphasize theoperational theories presented.The second major section entitled
Power Flow
,blends the information presented in the
Principlesof Operation
section into the complete transaxleassembly. The transfer of torque from the enginethrough the transaxle is graphically displayed on afull page while a narrative description is provided ona facing half page. The opposite side of the half page contains the narrative description of thehydraulic fluid as it applies components or shiftsvalves in the system. Facing this partial page is ahydraulic schematic that shows the position of valves,checkballs, etc., as they function in a specific gearrange.The third major section of this book displays the
Complete Hydraulic Circuit
for specific gearranges. Fold-out pages containing fluid flowschematics and two dimensional illustrations of majorcomponents graphically display hydraulic circuits.This information is extremely useful when tracingfluid circuits for learning or diagnosis purposes.The
Appendix
section of this book providesadditional transaxle information regarding lubricationcircuits, seal locations, illustrated parts lists and more.Although this information is available in currentmodel year Service Manuals, its inclusion providesfor a quick reference guide that is useful to thetechnician.Production of the Hydra-matic 4T65-E Technician
sGuide was made possible through the combinedefforts of many staff areas within the General MotorsPowertrain Division. As a result, the Hydra-matic4T65-E Technician
s Guide was written to providethe user with the most current, concise and usableinformation available regarding this product.
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INTRODUCTION

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