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Himpunan Putusan Tarjih muhammadiyah

Himpunan Putusan Tarjih muhammadiyah

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Published by Karyadi Td
Himpunan Putusan Tarjih Muhammadiyah, Fatwa agama, islam, fiqh
Himpunan Putusan Tarjih Muhammadiyah, Fatwa agama, islam, fiqh

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Published by: Karyadi Td on Jul 23, 2011
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07/10/2013

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1
ِﻢْ ﻴﺣﱠﺮﻟا
 
ِﻦَ ﻤْ ﺣﱠﺮﻟا
 
ﷲا
 
ِﻢْ ﺴِ ﺑ
 
ّﻻا
 
 ﻪﻟِاَﻻُةﱠﻮُ ﻘﻟاَو
 
ُلْﻮَ ﺤﻟا
 
ِ ﻪِ ﺑَو
 
ُ ﻪَ ﻟ
 
َﻚْ ﻳِﺮَ ﺷَﻻ
 
ُﻩَﺪْ ﺣَو
 
ﷲا
.
ِﻢِ ﻟاَﻮَ ﻌﻠِ ﻟ
 
ِئِﺪْ ﺒُ ﻤﻟا
 
ِﷲُﺪْ ﻤَ ﺤﻟا ِ ﺔَ ﻣﺎَ ﻴِ ﻘﻟا
 
َمْﻮَ ﻳ
 
ِمﺎَ ﺴْ ﺟَﻷا
 
ﻰَ ﻟِا
 
َحَوْرَﻻا
 
ِﺪْ ﻴِ ﻌُ ﻤﻟاَو
.
ﺎَ ﻧِﺪﱢ ﻴَ ﺳ
 
ﻰَ ﻠَ ﻋ
 
ُمَﻼﱠ ﺴﻟاَو
 
ُةَﻼﱠ ﺼﻟاَو ِ ﻠَ ﺳْﺮُ ﻤْ ﻟا
 
ِﻞَ ﻀْ ﻓَاَو
 
َﻦْ ﻴﱢ ﻴِ ﺒﱠ ﻨﻟا
 
ِﻢَ ﺗﺎَ ﺧ
 
ٍﺪﱠ ﻤَ ﺤُ ﻣَﻦْ ﻴِ ﻌَ ﻤْ ﺟَأ
 
ِ ﻪِ ﻟَأ
 
ﻰَ ﻠَ ﻋَو
 
َﻦْ ﻴ
.
َدَرَو
 
ْﺪَ ﻗَو َلﺎَ ﻗ
 
ُ ﻪْ ﻨَ ﻋ
 
ﷲا
 
َﻰِ ﺿَر
 
َﺮَ ﻤُ ﻋ
 
ْﻦَ ﻋ
 
ِﺚْ ﻳِﺪَ ﺤْ ﻟﺎىِ ﻓ
:
ِلﻮُ ﺳَر
 
َﺪْ ﻨِ ﻋ
 
ٌسْﻮُ ﻠُ ﺟ
 
ُﻦْ ﺤَ ﻧ
 
ﺎَ ﻤَ ﻨْ ﻴَ ﺑ
 
ﷲا
)
ﻢﻌﻠﺻ
(
ِداَﻮَ ﺳ
 
ُﺪْ ﻳِﺪَ ﺷ
 
ِبﺎَ ﻴﱢ ﺜﻟا
 
ِضﺎَ ﻴَ ﺑ
 
ُﺪْ ﻳِﺪَ ﺷ
 
ٌﻞُ ﺟَر
 
ﺎَ ﻨْ ﻴَ ﻠَ ﻋ
 
َﻊَ ﻠَ ﻃ
 
ْذِإ
 
ٍمﻮَ ﻳ
 
َتاَذُ ﻳَﻻ
 
ِﺮَ ﻌﱠ ﺸﻟاﻰِ ﺒﱠ ﻨﻟا
 
ﻰَ ﻟِا
 
َﺲَ ﻠَ ﺟ
 
ﻰﱠ ﺘَ ﺣ
 
ٌﺪَ ﺣَا
 
ﺎﱠ ﻨِ ﻣ
 
ُ ﻪُ ﻓِﺮْ ﻌَ ﻳ
 
َﻻَو
 
ِﺮَ ﻔﱠ ﺴﻟا
 
ُﺮَ ﺛَا
 
ِ ﻪﻴَ ﻠَ ﻋ
 
ىَﺮ
)
ﻢﻌﻠﺻ
(
َلﺎَ ﻗَو
 
ِ ﻪْ ﻳَﺬِ ﺨَ ﻓ
 
ﻰَ ﻠَ ﻋ
 
ِ ﻪْ ﻴﱠ ﻔَ آ
 
َﻊَ ﺿَوَو
 
ِ ﻪْ ﻴَ ﺘَ ﺒْ آُر
 
ﻰَ ﻟِا
 
ِ ﻪْ ﻴَ ﺘَ ﺒْ آُر
 
َﺪَ ﻨْ ﺳَﺎَ ﻓ
:
ﺎَ ﻳِمَﻼْ ﺳِﻹا
 
ِﻦَ ﻋ
 
ﻰِ ﻧْﺮِ ﺒْ ﺧَأ
 
ُﺪﱠ ﻤَ ﺤُ ﻣ
.
ﷲا
 
ُلْﻮُ ﺳَر
 
َلﺎَ ﻗ
)
ﻢﻌﻠﺻ
(:
ْنَا
 
َﺪَ ﻬْ ﺸَ ﺗ
 
ْنَا
 
ُمَﻼْ ﺳِﻹا
 
َمﻮُ ﺼَ ﺗَو
 
َةﺎَ آﱠﺰﻟا
 
َﻰِ ﺗْﺆُ ﺗَو
 
َةَﻼﱠ ﺼﻟا
 
َﻢْ ﻴِ ﻘُ ﺗَو
 
ﷲا
 
ُلْﻮُ ﺳَر
 
اًﺪﱠ ﻤَ ﺤُ ﻣ
 
نَاَو
 
ﷲا
 
ﻻِإ
 
َ ﻪَ ﻟِإ
 
َﻻًﻼْ ﻴِ ﺒَ ﺳ
 
ِ ﻪْ ﻴَ ﻟِا
 
َﺖْ ﻌَ ﻄَ ﺘْ ﺳا
 
ِنِا
 
َﺖْ ﻴَ ﺒْ ﻟا
 
ﺞُ ﺤَ ﺗَو
 
َنﺎَ ﻀَ ﻣَر
.
َلﺎَ ﻗ
:
ُ ﻪَ ﻟ
 
ﺎَ ﻨْ ﺒِ ﺠَ ﻌَ ﻓ
 
َﺖْ ﻗَﺪَ ﺻ َو
 
ُ ﻪُ ﻟَﺄْ ﺴَ ﻳُ ﻪُ ﻗﱢﺪَ ﺼُ ﻳ
.
َلﺎَ ﻗ
:
ِنﺎَ ﻤْ ﻳِﻹا
 
ِﻦَ ﻋ
 
ﻰِ ﻧْﺮِ ﺒْ ﺧَﺎَ ﻓ
.
َلﺎَ ﻗ
:
ِ ﻪِ ﺘَ ﻜِ ﺋَﻼَ ﻣَو
 
ِ
 
ﺎِ ﺑ
 
َﻦِ ﻣْﺆُ ﺗ
 
ْنَاِﻩﱢﺮَ ﺷَو
 
ِﻩِﺮْ ﻴَ ﺧ
 
ِرْﺪَ ﻘﻟﺎِ ﺑ
 
َﻦِ ﻣْﺆُ ﺗَو
 
ِﺮِ ﺧﻵا
 
َمﻮَ ﻴْ ﻟاَو
 
ِ ﻪِ ﻠُ ﺳَرَو
 
ِ ﻪِ ﺒُ ﺘُ آَو
.
َلﺎَ ﻗ
:
َﺖْ ﻗَﺪَ ﺻ
.)
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ
 
ﻩاور
 
ﺚﻳﺪﺤﻟا
.(
 PENDAHULUAN
“Bismillahirrohmanirrohim” 
( Dengan nama Allah, Maha Penyayang, Maha Pengasih
)Tiada tuhan selain Allah sendiri, tiada bersekutu dan dengan-Nyalahadanya daya-kekuatan. Segala puji untuk Allah yang menciptakan semua ‘alamdan yang mengembalikan ruh kepada jasadnya di hari Kiamat. Rahmat dan Salamsemoga terlimpah pada junjungan Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. penutup para Nabi danseutama-utamanya Utusan, serta pada sekalian keluarganya.Tersebut dalam hadist, dari shahabat ‘Umar r.a: “ Saat kami duduk padasuatu hari bersama-sama Rasulullah s.a.w. datanglah seorang laki-laki, putih bersih pakaiannya hitam bersih rambutnya, tak terkesan padanya tanda orang yangsedang bepergian dan tiada seorangpun diantara kami yang mengenalnya;kemudian ia bersimpuh dihadapan Nabi dengan merapatkan kedua lututnya padakedua lutut Nabi dan meletakkan kedua telapak tangannya pada paha Nabi. Lalu
 
2ia berkata: ”Hai Muhammad, terangkanlah padaku tentang Islam!”. Nabimenjawab: ”Islam ialah engkau mempersaksikan: tiada Tuhan selain Allah danMuhammad adalah utusan Allah, mengerjakan sholat, membayar zakat, berpuasa pada bulan Ramadhan dan pergi Haji bila kamu mampu melakukannya”. Kataorang itu: ”Benar engkau”. Maka kami terheran, kenapa ia bertanya lalu iamembenarkan. Orang itu bertanya lagi: terangkanlah padaku tentang Iman!” Nabimenjawab: “Iman ialah bahwa engkau percaya akan Allah, malaikatnya, kitab-kitab-nya, Rasul-rasulnya, hari kemudian dan percaya akan takdir baik dan takdir  buruk”. Orang itu berkata :” Benar engkau!”.(Hadist riwayat Muslim).
ْ ﻌَ ﺑ
 
ﺎﱠ ﻣَاَ ﺔَ ﻴِ ﺟﺎﱠ ﻨﻟا
 
َ ﺔَ ﻗْﺮِ ﻔﻟا
 
نِﺎَ ﻓ
 
ُﺪ
)1(
نَﺄِ ﺑ
 
ِدﺎَ ﻘِ ﺘْ ﻋِﻹا
 
ﻰَ ﻠَ ﻋ
 
اﻮُ ﻌَ ﻤْ ﺟَا
 
ِﻒَ ﻠﱠ ﺴﻟا
 
َﻦِ ﻣُﻢَ ﻟﺎَ ﻌﻟا
 
ِىَا
 
َﻮُ هَو
 
ِمَﺪَ ﻌﻟا
 
َﻦِ ﻣ
 
ُﷲا
 
ُ ﻪَ ﻘَ ﻠَ ﺧ
 
ٌثِدﺎَ ﺣ
 
ُ ﻪﱠ ﻠُ آ
 
َﻢَ ﻟﺎَ ﻌﻟا
(
ِءﺎَ ﻨَ ﻔﻠِ ﻟ
 
ٌﻞِ ﺑﺎَ ﻗ
)2(
ﻰَ ﻠَ ﻋَو ِ ﺟاَو
 
ِﷲا
 
ِ ﺔَ ﻓِﺮْ ﻌَ ﻤِ ﻟ
 
ِنْﻮَ ﻜﻟا
 
ﻰِ ﻓ
 
َﺮْ ﻈﱠ ﻨﻟا
 
نّاﺎً ﻋْﺮَ ﺷ
 
ٌﺐ
)3(
ﻰِ ﻓ
 
ُعَﺮْ ﺸَ ﻧ
 
ُﻦْ ﺤَ ﻧ
 
ﺎَ هَوِ ﺔَ ﺤْ ﻴِ ﺤﱠ ﺼﻟا
 
ِﺪِ ﺋﺎَ ﻘَ ﻌﻟا
 
ِلﻮُ ﺻُا
 
ِنﺎَ ﻴَ ﺑ
.
 Kemudian dari pada itu, maka kalangan ummat yang terdahulu, yaknimereka yang terjamin keselamatannya (1), mereka telah sependapat ataskeyakinan bahwa seluruh ‘alam seluruhnya mengalami masa permulaan, dijadikanoleh Allah dari ketidak-adaan dan mempunyai sifat akan punah (2). Mereka berpendapat bahwa memperdalam pengetahuan tentang ‘alam untuk mendapat pengertian tentang Allah, adalah wajib menurut ajaran Agama (3). Dandemikianlah maka kita hendak mulai menerangkan pokok-pokok kepercayaanyang benar.
ﻞَ ﺟَو
 
ﺰَ ﻋ
 
ِ
 
ﺎِ ﺑ
 
ُنﺎَ ﻤْ ﻳِﻹا
 
ﺎَ ﻨﱢ ﺑَر
 
ِ
 
ﺎِ ﺑ
 
َﻦِ ﻣْﺆُ ﻧ
 
ْنَا
 
ﺎَ ﻨْ ﻴَ ﻠَ ﻋ
 
ُﺐِ ﺠَ ﻳ
)4(
ٍﺊْ ﻴّ ﺷ
 
ﻞُ آ
 
َﻖَ ﻠَ ﺧ
 
ىِﺬﱠ ﻟا
 
ﻖَ ﺤْ ﻟا
 
ُ ﻪَ ﻟِﺈْ ﻟا
 
َﻮُ هَو
 
ِدْﻮُ ﺟُﻮﻟا
 
ُﺐِ ﺟَاﻮﻟا
 
َﻮُ هَو
)5(
ٍ ﺔَ ﻳﺎَ ﻬِ ﻧ
 
َﻼِ ﺑ
 
ُﺮِ ﺧﻵْاَو
 
ٍ ﺔَ ﻳاَﺪِ ﺑ
 
َﻼِ ﺑ
 
ُلﱠوَﻷْا
 
َو
)6(
َﻻو
 
ِتﺎَ ﻨِ ﺋﺎَ ﻜﻟا
 
َﻦِ ﻣ
 
ٌﺊﻴَ ﺷ
 
ُ ﻪُ ﻬِ ﺒْ ﺸُ ﻳ
)7(
ِ ﻪِ ﻟﺎَ ﻌْ ﻓَا
 
َو
 
ِ ﻪِ ﺗَﺎﻔِ ﺻَو
 
ِ ﻪِ ﺘﱠ ﻴِ هْﻮُ ﻟُﺄىِ ﻓ
 
ُﺪَ ﺣَﻻا
)8( 
ُمْﻮﱡ ﻴَ ﻘﻟا
 
ﻰَ ﺤْ ﻟَا
)9(
ُﺮْ ﻴِ ﺼَ ﺒْ ﻟا
 
ُﻊْ ﻴِ ﻤﱠ ﺴﻟا
)10(
ٌﺮْ ﻳِﺪَ ﻗ
 
ٍﺊْ ﻴَ ﺷ
 
ِﻞُ آ
 
ﻰَ ﻠَ ﻋ
 
َﻮُ هَو
)11( 
ُنْﻮُ ﻜَ ﻴَ ﻓ
 
ْﻦُ آ
 
ُ ﻪَ ﻟ
 
َلْﻮُ ﻘَ ﻳ
 
ْنَأ
 
ﺎً ﺌْ ﻴَ ﺷ
 
َداَرَا
 
اَذِا
 
ُﻩُﺮْ ﻣَا
 
ﺎَ ﻤﱠ ﻧِإ
)12(
َنْﻮُ ﻠَ ﻌْ ﻔَ ﻳ
 
ﺎَ ﻤِ ﺑ
 
ٌﻢْ ﻴِ ﻠَ ﻋ
 
َﻮُ هَو
 
3
)13(
ٍلﺎَ ﻤَ آ
 
ﻞُ آَو
 
ِمَﻼَ ﻜْ ﻟﺎِ ﺑ
 
ُﻒِ ﺼﱠ ﺘُ ﻤْ ﻟَا
.
ٍلﺎَ ﺤُ ﻣَو
 
ٍﺺْ ﻘَ ﻧ
 
ﻞُ آ
 
ْﻦَ ﻋ
 
ُﻩﱠﺰَ ﻨُ ﻤﻟا
)14(
ُرﺎَ ﺘْ ﺨَ ﻳَو
 
ُءﺎَ ﺸَ ﻳ
 
ﺎَ ﻣ
 
ُﻖُ ﻠْ ﺨَ ﻳ
.
ِﻩِﺪَ ﻴِَ ﺑَنْﻮُ ﻌِ ﺟْﺮَ ﻳ
 
ِ ﻪْ ﻴَ ﻟِإَو
 
ُ ﻪﱡ ﻠُ آ
 
ُﺮْ ﻣَﻷْا
)15.(
 

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