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07a30201 Electrical Machines i.2

07a30201 Electrical Machines i.2

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Code No: 07A30201
Set No. 1
II B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2008ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. In a rectangular electro magnetic relay, he exciting coil has 1200 turns. Crosssectional are of the core is A = 6 cm
6 cm. neglect the reluctance of he magneticcircuit and fringing effects. With coil current kept constant at 2A, derive expressionfor force on armature as a function of air gap of length x. Find the work done bythe magnetic field when x decreases from 1 cm to 0.5 cm by integrating the force.[16]2. (a) Deduce an expression for the voltage induced in a DC generator.(b) The lap wound armature of a 4 - pole generator armature has 51 slots. Eachslot contains 20 conductors. What will be the e.m.f generated in machinewhen driven at 1500 r.p.m. If useful flux per pole is 0.01Wb? [8+8]3. (a) Explain the armature reaction in a D.C generator on no-load. Enumerate andexplain the method to overcome the adverse effects of the armature reaction.(b) A 4-pole 50 KW, 250v wave wound, shunt generator has 400 armature con-ductors. Brushes are given a lead of 4 commutator segments. Calculate thedemagnetizing ampere turns/pole if shunt field resistance is 50 ohms. Alsocalculate extra shunt filed turns/pole to neutralize the demagnetization.[8+8]4. (a) How do you determine the magnetization characteristics of a DC generator.(b) A separately excited generator when running at 1200 rpm supplies a currentof 200A at 125 V to circuit of constant resistance. What will be the currentwhen the speed drops to 1000 rpm if the field current is unaltered? Armatureresistance is 0.04 ohm and the total voltage drop at the brushes is 2V. Ignorethe change in armature reaction. [8+8]5. (a) Explain the drooping charectoristics of a D.C shunt generator(b) A d.c series generator having an reternal charectristics which is a straightline through zero to 50V at 200A is connected as a booster between a stationbusbar and a seeder of 0.3Ω resistance. Calculate the voltage different betweenthe station busbar and the far end Ω the seeder at a curent of i. 1200A andii. 50A. [6+10]6. A 20 KW,250 V dc shunt motor has a full-load armature current of 85 A at 1100rpm.The armature resistance is 0.18 ohm.Determine:1 of 2
Code No: 07A30201
Set No. 1
(a) the initial torque developed;(b) the internal torque of the field current is suddenly reduced to 80% of its originalvalue;(c) The steady motor speed in parti. assuming the load torque to have remained constant. [16]7. The speed of a 50 h.p series motor working on 500V supply is 750 rpm at full loadand at 90 % efficiency. If the load torque is made 350Nm and a 5Ω resistance isconnected in series with the machine, calculate the speed at which the machine willrun. Assume the magnetic circuit to be unsaturated and the armature and fieldresistance to be 0.5. [16]8. The Hopkinson’s test on two similar machines gave the following full load results.Line current =48ALine voltage =110VMotor armature current=230AThe field currents are 3A an 3.5A. Armature resistance of each machine is 0.035ohms.Calculate the efficiency of each machine assuming a brush contact drop of 1Vper brush. [16]
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2 of 2
Code No: 07A30201
Set No. 2
II B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2008ELECTRICAL MACHINES-I(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80Answer any FIVE QuestionsAll Questions carry equal marks
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
1. (a) Describe the principle of energy conversion. From a consideration of the vari-ous energies involved, develop the model of an electro mechanical conversiondevice.(b) Show that the torque developed in a doubly excited magnetic system is equalto the rate of increase of field energy with respect to the displacement atconstant currents . [8+8]2. (a) Distinguish between lap and wave windings.(b) The armature of a 2 pole, 200V generator has 400 conductors and runs at 300rpm. Calculate the useful flux or pole. If the number of turns in each field coilis 1200, what is the average value of the emf induced in each coil on breakingthe eld, if the ux dies away completely in 0.1s. [8+8]3. (a) How are demagnetizing and cross magnetizing ampere-turns/pole in a D.CMachines calculated?(b) Determine AT/pole for each interpole of a 4 pole generator with 88 slots eachcontaining 900 amp - conductors. The interpole air gap is 0.01 m and fluxdensity in the interpole air gap is 0.3 T . The effects of iron parts of iron partsof the circuits and leakage may neglected. [8+8]4. (a) How are the series and shunt windings arranged on the pole of a dc compoundmachine?(b) How will you distinguish between series and shunt windings of a dc compoundmachine? [8+8]5. Two short-shunt compound generators A and B running in parallel supply a loadcurrent of 140A at a terminal voltage 100 V. An equalizig bar connects the twomachines. The data regarding the machines are:Generator A: Ra=0.02 ohm; Rsh=80ohm; Rse=0.02 ohm.Generator B: Ra=0.05 ohm; Rsh=100 ohm; Rse=0.05 ohm; e.m.f generator B, 105V.Calculate:(a) current in series windings(b) armature currents(c) current in equalizer(d) e.m.f generated by generator A. [4+4+4+4]1 of 2

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